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Codified Innovations. What’s the Problem, Anyway?. It’s the Internet, Stupid!. New types of resources New means of distribution New business practices New patterns of use. What’s driving innovation?. Digitization of Library Collections Books, Journals Special collectons

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Codified innovations

Codified Innovations

What’s the Problem, Anyway?

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


It s the internet stupid
It’s the Internet, Stupid!

  • New types of resources

  • New means of distribution

  • New business practices

  • New patterns of use

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


What s driving innovation
What’s driving innovation?

  • Digitization of Library Collections

    • Books, Journals

    • Special collectons

  • Commercial Publication

    • E-Books, E-Journals

    • Databases, Aggregations

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Digitized collections standards
Digitized Collections: Standards

  • Open Archives Initiative – Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH)

  • Dublin Core

  • METS

  • DLF Digital Registry

  • Institutional Repositories (dSpace, Fedora)

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Commercial resource needs
Commercial Resource Needs

  • Reference Linking

  • License Management

  • Metasearching

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


So which is it codify or innovate
So, which is it: codify or innovate?

  • Codified = stable, specific, nailed down

  • Innovation = mutability, experimentation, multiple approaches

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Standards challenge
Standards Challenge

  • Rapid Development

  • Support for Essential Needs

  • Expandable

  • Avoid Early Overelaboration

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Standards as indicators of quality
Standards as Indicators of Quality

  • MPAA Ratings: G, PG-13, R

  • RDA for nutritional content

  • USDA Ratings of Meat: Prime, Choice

  • AACR2

  • LCSH, MeSH

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Standards for interoperability
Standards for Interoperability

  • Railroad track gauges

  • Electric current

  • MARC

  • Unicode

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Two types of interoperability
Two Types of Interoperability

  • Direct Action

    • Web server acting on URL

  • Transformation

    • Metadata crosswalks

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Code or standard
Code or Standard?

  • 29of3h[w d9e3 r94 jqi8ht 9gwd743 09234 098h5 wo8e3w

  • 430oqd3 3qdy w6jg9o 2i5y 5y3 oh3 qg9f3 85 9h 5y3 i36g9q4e

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Code or standard1
Code or Standard?

  • 29of3h[w d9e3 r94 jqi8ht 9gwd743 09234 098h5 wo8e3w

  • Wolven’s code for creating obscure Power Point slides

  • 430oqd3 3qdy w6jg9o 2i5y 5y3 oh3 qg9f3 85 9h 5y3 i36g9q4e

  • Replace each symbol with the one above it on the keyboard

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Nostrums for standards overload
Nostrums for standards overload

  • Be wary of “instant classics,” “new holiday traditions,” and “new standards”

  • Keep an eye on “emerging standards”

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Conser summit on serials in the digital environment
CONSER Summit on Serials in the Digital Environment

  • Determine the types of data that are needed for users to find, identify, select and obtain electronic serials at the journal, issue and article levels. Determine also the types of data needed (by libraries and others) to sustain the business practices of providing access to serials (acquiring, licensing, paying, auditing, rights management, archiving).

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


And you may ask yourself how did i get here
…and you may ask yourself, “how did I get here?”

  • Library’s Web Ejournal lists 53%

  • Link Resolver 25%

  • Library Catalogs 14%

  • Other Library Web links 1%

  • Bookmarks 7%

  • [Unmeasured: direct reference links, search engines, etc.]

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Issn t it grand
ISSN’t it grand?

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Secrets and licenses
Secrets and Licenses

  • Do you take this journal …?

    (Do you know who I am?)

  • In sickness and in health …

    (It was working yesterday)

  • To have and to hold …

    (The check is in the mail)

  • From this day forward …

    (Backfiles? What backfiles?)

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


Secrets and licenses1
Secrets and Licenses

  • … until death do you part?

    (What’s in Your LOCKSS cache?)

Bob Wolven, Columbia University


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