After Jesus: The Triumph of Christianity. Based on the book of the same title by Jane R. Baun ; Rita G. Christopher; Donald R. Cutler; Marleen B. Flory; Charles Flowers; Robert Kiener ; Robert Thurston; Edward Watkin ; Peter Young Gayla Visali – Editor
Jane R. Baun; Rita G. Christopher;
Donald R. Cutler; Marleen B. Flory;
Charles Flowers; Robert Kiener;
Robert Thurston; Edward Watkin;
GaylaVisali – Editor
Published by Reader’s Digest, 1992.
Along with baptism the Lord’s Supper (Communion) have been unbroken rituals throughout Christian tradition.The Last Supper
The early followers were destroyed, but would later come to view his death as integral to their salvation and in fulfillment of ancient Hebrew prophecy (Isaiah 53).The Crucifixion
The Resurrection was the physical raising of Jesus from the dead. The circumstances of his death and reports of his rising were public and well known.The Resurrection
On the road to Emmaus two travelers walked with Jesus but did not recognize him until they broke bread together.Jesus’ appears to many of his followers
In addition to Greco-Roman religions there was also oriental, Egyptian, and sects of Judaism influencing the new faith.Competing faiths and cultures
Religious life centered around three functions:
Prayer (the Lord’s Prayer recited).
Sermons and Teaching
A Daily Common Meal (The Lord’s Supper)
The meal fed hungry Christians as well.Early Christian Lifestyle
It was the practice of the early church to help the poor especially widows.
When the Hellenist Christians complained that their widows were being neglected deacons were chosen.
More than just social service, they were also active in missions.Everything in common
Variations on immersion were created by end of the first century (water poured 3xs over the candidate’s head).
Christian baptism was meant to be a single stirring event.Baptism
Joined in opposition by the Pharisees.
Elders of both groups sat on the Sanhedrin.The opposition
The first follower of Christ to die for the profession of his faith. He is stoned by an angry religious mob. Assisting in the action was a young Pharisee from Tarsus named Saul.Martyrdom of Stephen
On his way to Damascus he is struck blind, confronted by a heavenly voice, and converted.
The Christians in Damascus eventually accept him, though they were at first doubtful.Paul’s conversion
The oldest gospel (good news) is the account given by Mark.
Other accounts include the synoptic (same eye) gospels of Matthew and Luke.
The final gospel is that of John.Recollections of Jesus
James , the leader of the church acted as mediator between those powerful Jewish Christians who were opposed to welcoming Gentiles and those who were willing to receive them.The church in Jerusalem
He planned his travel carefully following Roman highways and sea routes.
At times his Roman citizenship helped him, as did his knowledge of Greek, and skill as a tentmaker.On the road again
He was placed under house arrest for two years and welcomed all who came to him.
It is possible that he travelled all the way to Spain (Clement of Rome).All roads lead to Rome
Claudius (41-54) expelled the Jews “ because they caused continuous disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus he expelled them from the city.”
Aquila and Pricilla were among these. They went to Corinth.The Christian community in Rome
Moral codes were determined more by social or familial codes of behavior.
The father or paterfamilias dominated. He could decide life or death within his family.Pagan life
Archaeology in the Vatican seems to point to the grave and bones of Peter buried beneath St. Peter’s Basilica.Peter in Rome
He was a tyrant, claiming to be equal with Apollo. A great persecutor of Christians. At his death the Empire was in deep turmoil which would soon burst into war in Judea.The pleasure-loving Nero
The crack 12th Legion was sent down from Syria. The Jews managed to hold off the Romans and forced them to retreat. Nero dispatched Vespasian to quell the rebellion with three legions. His son Titus prevailed with 80,000 troops.Rebel successes
Considered the earliest Gospel, Mark apparently was used for Matthew and Luke.
Others, including your pastor) challenge this date believing the authorship is earlier.Mark’s Gospel
• Justin Martyr, First Apology c. 150 ADEarly Christian Worship
In Clement’s letter to Corinth near the end of the first century, it says just as Christ commissioned Apostles, so the Apostles had in turn “appointed … bishops (overseers) and deacons (ministers) for those who should afterward believe.” Also bishops refers to presbyters or elders.Early Christian Leadership
Unafraid Ignatius faced his punishment with joy.Death in the Flavian amphitheater
Pliny the Younger was put in charge of Bithynia-Pontus on the Black Sea (Turkey). In 112 Pliny had those Christians who were not citizens executed because they refused to deny their faith.Pliny the Younger
He began to reconsider the persecution and appealed to Trajan. Trajan made it clear that simply being a Christian was a capital offense, but not to hunt them down anymore “for they are not worthy of your time.”Sacrifice to Roman gods
He was hauled before a crowd accused of being an atheist. He refused the Roman proconsul\'s plea to curse Christ. The lion had just eaten so they burned him.
His bones became first known relics.The Martyrdom of Polycarp
Many confined to underground dungeons, roasted on a red hot iron chair, or torn apart by beasts.
Christians were cheaper than gladiators for amusement of the crowds.The Martyrs of Lyons
Merchants brought new religions from the East. Members from all classes sought spiritual meaning.The Revival of Paganism
Demeter instructed the noblemen in Eleusis in her sacred rites. The citizens of nearby Athens built a huge sanctuary to honor the goddess and reenact the secret rituals.
Rituals involved sacrificing a pig, a 14 mile long procession, and drinking a potion that was hallucinogenic. It was secret and costly. Members included Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius.The Eleusinian Mysteries