Using the Spanish Subjunctive
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Using the Spanish Subjunctive. In order to know when to use the Subjunctive in Spanish, we can remember the word WEIRDO . First, you should understand that the subjunctive ordinarily does not occur by itself. The subjunctive occurs after certain other verbs, called WEIRDO verbs .

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Using the Spanish Subjunctive

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Using the Spanish Subjunctive


In order to know when to use the Subjunctive in Spanish, we can remember the word WEIRDO.


First, you should understand that the subjunctive ordinarily does not occur by itself. The subjunctive occurs after certain other verbs, called WEIRDO verbs.


Here Is How It Works

Queremosqueustedesvengana la fiesta.

Ella esperaquetodossaquenbuenasnotas.

Insistoen que me escuches.

The first verb (in pink)

Forces the second verb (in blue) into the subjunctive

There are two verbs in each sentence


Here Is How It Works

Queremosqueustedesvengana la fiesta.

Ella esperaquetodossaquenbuenasnotas.

Insistoen que me escuches.

PRO TIP

The Subjunctive comes after the word QUE

The first verb (in pink)

Forces the second verb (in blue) into the subjunctive


Here Is How It Works

Queremosqueustedesvengan a la fiesta.

Ella esperaquetodossaquenbuenasnotas.

Insisto en queme escuches.

PRO TIP

The Subjunctive comes after the word QUE


Here are the WEIRDO Verbs:


W is for Wishes & Wants

Wishes and Wants are expressed by a number of verbs in Spanish, but here are some of the most common:

Quererto wantNecesitarto need

Esperarto wait Pedirto ask for

Desearto desirePreferirto prefer

Exigirto demandMandarto order

Insistirto insist


W is for Wishes & Wants

  • Ana esperaquesunovio la invitea cenar.

  • Yoprefieroquellamesdespués de lasnueve.

  • Nadiequiereque los pobressufran.


W is for Wishes & Wants

  • Ana esperaquesunovio la invitea cenar.

  • Yoprefieroquellamesdespués de lasnueve.

  • Nadiequiereque los pobressufran.


E is for Emotions

Here are some emotion verbs in Spanish:

Alegrarseto be happy Sentirto feel

Encantarto be delighted Temerto fear

Enojarseto be angry Gustarto like

Sorprenderto surpriseLamentarto regret

Tenermiedoto be afraid

You can also use Estar + emotion adjectives

Estarcontento, alegre, triste, desilusionado, etc.


E is for Emotions

  • Yoesotyalegreque Laura no tengaproblemas.

  • ¿Tegustaqueellostraiganla música?

  • La Sra. Gallejosientequetodos no participen.


I is for Impersonal Expressions

Es + adjective phrases are known as impersonal expressions. There are hundreds of them, but here are a few common ones:

EsbuenoEsmaloEscuriosoit is goodit is bad it is curious

EsnecesarioEstristeEsimportante

it is necessaryit is sad it is important


I is for Impersonal Expressions

  • Esimportantequeprestesatención.

  • Esnecesarioquese portenbien en la escuela.

  • Esraroque Elena no quieraexplicar.


R is for Recommendations

R is for recommendations, requirements, and requests. Here are some of these verbs:

Decirto tellProhibirto prohibit

Rogarto begExigirto demand

Desearto desireSuplicarto plead

Sugerirto suggestHacerto make / force

Recomendarto recommend


R is for Recommendations

  • ¿Recomiendasqueyocomprela bicicleta?

  • Yosugieroqueustedesmirenesapelícula.

  • La profesoradigaquehagamosun proyecto.


D is for Doubt & Denial

R is for recommendations, requirements, and requests. Here are some of these verbs:

Dudarto doubt

Negarto deny

No creerto not believe

No pensarto not think

No estarseguroto not be sure

No suponerto suppose not


D is for Doubt & Denial

  • Yodudoque Marcos vengaa tiempo.

  • Amanda niegaquesalgacon Mario.

  • Nosotros no pensamosqueelloshaganlas paces.


O is for Ojalá

Ojalá is a Spanish expression which means I wish, I hope, or It would be nice.

It comes from Arabic originally where it meant “May God grant.”

Others – As you continue your study of Spanish, you will learn more ways that the subjunctive can be used.


O is for Ojalá

  • Ojaláquehagasol.

  • Ojaláquetengamossuficientetiempo.

  • Ojaláquehayasillas.


REVIEW

W E I R D O


REVIEW

W

Wishes and Wants


E

Emotions


I

Impersonal Expressions


R

Recommendations

Requests

Requirements


D

Doubts and Denials


O

Ojalá


I M P O R T A N T E

The word que holds everything together.

Necesitoquetúescuchesbien.

The first verb (in pink) is the WEIRDO verb.

The second verb

(in blue) is in the subjunctive


Adiós


I hope you enjoy this Power Point presentation about WEIRDO verbs and how they work in sentences with the subjunctive.Feel free to copy this presentation and to share it with your students and your colleagues. If you like it, I invite you to visit my blogand please consider supporting me at my Teachers Pay Teachers store.¡Ojaláquenosencontremos de nuevo, amigos!All the best, --Anne Karakash

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