National Park Service Western Energy Summit January 21-23, 2003 Phoenix, Arizona - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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National Park Service Western Energy Summit January 21-23, 2003 Phoenix, Arizona. Session 4: Leading by Example: What Can We Do Within Our Boundaries to Promote Environmental and Energy Conservation Goals?. Leading by Example Speakers. Green Energy Parks Program

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National Park Service Western Energy Summit January 21-23, 2003 Phoenix, Arizona

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National park service western energy summit january 21 23 2003 phoenix arizona

National Park ServiceWestern Energy SummitJanuary 21-23, 2003Phoenix, Arizona

Session 4: Leading by Example:What Can We Do Within Our Boundaries to Promote Environmental and Energy Conservation Goals?

Leading by example speakers

Leading by ExampleSpeakers

  • Green Energy Parks Program

    Terry Brennan Coordinator of the Green Energy Parks Program NPS-WASO,

  • Regional Perspective

    Steve Butterworth Regional Energy Program Coordinator NPS-PWR,

  • DOE Perspective, Support &Tools

    Sara Farrar-Nagy Senior Project Leader, National Renewable Energy Laboratory,

Green energy parks

Green Energy Parks

MOU signed April 27, 1999

Green energy parks overview

Green Energy ParksOverview

A joint program of

  • Department of Interior (DOI)National Park Service (NPS)

  • Department of Energy (DOE)

    • Federal Energy Management Program

    • Biofuels Program

    • Clean Cities (alternative fuel vehicles)

Green energy parks overview1

Green Energy ParksOverview

Promotes the use of

  • energy-efficient practices

  • renewable energy technologies

  • alternative fuels

    throughout national park facilities and transportation systems

Green energy parks goals

Green Energy ParksGoals

1.Use energy-efficiency, renewable energy, alternative fuels and other energy management strategies to save taxpayer dollars, reduce air and noise pollution, and reduce green house gases

Green energy parks goals1

Green Energy ParksGoals

2.Use clean energy technologies and interpretation to educate park visitors about the ability of clean energy technologies to mitigate the impacts of pollution and climate change on natural and cultural resources

Green energy parks goals2

Green Energy ParksGoals

3.Enhance the visitor experience through pollution reduction and interpretive displays on clean energy practices and technologies

Green energy parks specific objectives

Green Energy ParksSpecific Objectives

1.Reduce energy use in Park Service buildings by 30% (compared to 1985 usage)

Green energy parks specific objectives1

Green Energy ParksSpecific Objectives

2.Evaluate all remote-site diesel generators and develop a plan for replacing generators, where feasible, with renewable energy technologies, biofuels or less-polluting alternative fuels

Green energy parks specific objectives2

Green Energy ParksSpecific Objectives

3.Increase by 50% the use of alternative fuels in the NPS motor vehicle fleet (over 1998 usage)

Green energy parks guiding principles

Green Energy ParksGuiding Principles

  • Every NPS site is eligible through a competitive funding process, to receive technical and financial assistance to support implementation

  • Most projects implement commercially viable energy-efficiency, renewable energy or alternative fuel technologies that are cost effective (by life-cycle analysis)

  • Projects can demonstrate new or emerging alternative energy technologies

  • Projects should have an accompanying education component for the message to reach visitors

Green energy parks partners

Green Energy ParksPartners

  • Propane Education and Research Council

  • National Park Foundation

  • National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA)

  • Army Core of Engineers (fuel cells)

  • University-National Park Energy Partnership Program (UNPEPP)

Green energy parks university national park energy partnership

Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership

  • National program providing energy services to the Parks and real-world problem-solving opportunities to university students

  • Support National Parks to meet energy needs cost-effectively

Green energy parks university national park energy partnership1

Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership

  • Developed by James Madison University (JMU), National Park Service, and DOE

  • Initial pilot project between JMU and Shenandoah National Park in 1997-98

  • Now in 6th year at Rochester Institute of Technology

  • Over 20 partnership projects

Green energy parks university national park energy partnership2

Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership

  • Grants

    • Typically fund student and faculty time (plus equipment)

    • $10-20k per partnership (2-3 students for a summer)

  • MOU identifies partnership, work expectations

  • Projects have included

  • energy audits

  • solar power design analysis

  • fuel cell feasibility studies

  • PV installation

  • utility bill analysis

  • energy data collection

Green energy parks university national park energy partnership3

Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership

Humboldt State – Redwood NP

  • Wolf Creek Outdoor School Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Design Project

  • Students conducted energy audit and solar energy design work

Green energy parks university national park energy partnership4

Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership

South Dakota State University – Yellowstone NP

  • Students designed and installed PV system at Lewis Lake Campground

Green energy parks project opportunities

Green Energy ParksProject Opportunities

  • 180 projects with $5 million of combined NPS and DOE funds

    • Facility Projects:

      Hardware, Technical Assistance, and Audits

    • Transportation Projects:

      Biofuels and Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Vehicles

  • PMIS Project Identification for Funding

    • Emphasis Area: “Green Energy Parks”

    • Funding Source: “Fee Demo” or “DOE Reimbursable”

Green energy parks publications

Green Energy ParksPublications

  • Lighting Retrofit Workbook

    A Practical "How To" Guide for the National Park Service Visitor Centers, by LBNL

  • Technology guide under development

Green energy parks for more information

Green Energy ParksFor more information


    Park-by-park summary case studies and Green Toolbox


    Includes additional information about energy related projects


    Program overview, opportunities, and additional case studies

Green energy doe perspective support and tools

Green Energy: DOE Perspective, Support, and Tools

Solar Decathlon

Washington, D.C.

September 19 - October 9, 2002



  • Department of Energy (DOE) Programs

    • Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)

    • Clean Cities

    • Biofuels

    • Biomass

    • High Performance Buildings

  • Case Studies in the Parks

Femp s mission

FEMP’s Mission

FEMP works to reduce the cost and environmental impact of government by:

  • Advancing energy efficiency and water conservation

  • Promoting the use of distributed and renewable energy

  • Improving utility management decisions at Federal sites

Legislative history executive directives

Legislative History / Executive Directives

  • Energy Policy and Conservation Act (1975)

  • DOE Organization Act (1977)

  • National Energy Conservation Policy Act (1978)

  • Federal Energy Management Improvement Act (1988)

  • Executive Order 12759 (1991)

  • Energy Policy Act (1992)

  • Executive Order 12902 (1994)

  • Executive Order 13123 (1999)

  • Executive Order 13221 (2001)

Federal energy snapshot

Federal Energy Snapshot

$9.6 billion Federal annual energy bill

  • 500,000 facilities with 3 billion square feet of space

    • Buildings: $3.9 billion

    • Energy Intensive Operations: $0.6 billion

    • Exempt Buildings: $0.4 billion

  • Vehicles & Equipment: $4.6 billion

Federal energy management goals

Federal Energy Management Goals

  • Reduce energy consumption

    • Facility energy per square foot to be reduced by 30% in 2005 and 35% in 2010 relative to 1985

    • Purchase energy efficient products including those that use minimal stand-by power

  • Expand use of renewable energy

    • 2.5% of Federal facility electricity consumption by 2005

    • 2,000 solar energy systems by 2000; 20,000 by 2010

  • Implement best management practices for water conservation in 80% of Federal facilities by 2010

  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions 30% by 2010 compared to 1990

Progress to date





10% Goal - 1995 (NECPA)


Actual Energy Use



Btu per Square Foot

20% Goal - 2000 (EPACT)


23.0% Reduction, 2001(Preliminary Data)



30% Goal - 2005

(EO 12902)



35% Goal - 2010

(EO 13123)
















Progress to Date

Preliminary FY 2001 data indicates the Federal Government exceeded the FY 2000 goal by 3%

  • In real dollars, the Government spent $1.4 billion less for energy in its buildings in FY01 compared to FY85

  • Approximately half of these savings are from energy improvements

  • 23% reduction is based on Btu/sf

Standard Building Energy Reduction Goals

Tailoring services to meet customer s needs



Tailoring Services to Meet Customer’s Needs




Maintenance,& Operations






& Load




FEMP’s Portfolio of Services




Femp technical assistance

FEMP Technical Assistance

  • Programs

    • Design Assistance

      • Renewable Energy Projects

      • Energy and Water Efficiency

      • New Building Design

    • Distributed Energy Resources (DER)

    • Renewable / Green Power Purchasing

    • SAVEnergy Audits

    • O&M, Water Best Management Practices

    • Industrial Facilities, Labs21

Femp technical assistance1

FEMP Technical Assistance

  • Goal: To assist Federal agencies implement projects by overcoming technical obstacles

  • FEMP offers:

    • Opportunity Assessments & Audits

    • Feasibility Studies

    • Financing Strategies

    • Technical Specifications

    • Proposal Reviews & Support in Negotiation

    • Design Review

    • Acceptance Testing

Femp calls for projects

FEMP - Calls for Projects

  • Annual TA “Call for Projects”

    • Includes Renewable Energy, Design Assistance, Water Efficiency, Operation & Maintenance, and more

  • Also separate annual DER “Call for Projects”

  • FEMP selects and funds projects best meeting predetermined criteria

  • Watch the FEMP web site for more

Femp renewable projects

FEMP – Renewable Projects

Projects can include:

  • Low energy design in buildings

  • Solar water and air heating

  • Photovoltaics

  • Wind

  • Geothermal heat pumps or geothermal heating and cooling

  • On-site biomass electricity and thermal generation

Renewable power purchasing

Renewable Power Purchasing

FEMP supports Federal agencies to procure utility power from renewable sources

Contact: Chandra Shah 303-384-7557

Femp savenergy audits

FEMP SAVEnergy Audits

  • Audit Types

    • Energy Efficiency Survey

    • Water Conservation Survey

  • Park Service Status

    • SAVEnergy Audits conducted at 50 NPS sites during 1995-2002 (35 in Western Parks)

  • How to apply

    • FEMP Regional Representative or

Femp training

FEMP - Training

  • Upcoming courses

    Design Strategies for Low-Energy, Sustainable,Secure BuildingsMarch 26 – 27San Diego, CA

    Water Resource Management April 15-16Denver, CO

    Distributed Generation for Federal FacilitiesMay 12-13Los Angeles, CA

    Energy 2003 ConferenceAugust 17-20Orlando, FL

  • Schedule and registration online:

Outreach communications

Outreach & Communications

  • FEMP Web Site:

  • FEMP Focus Newsletter

  • SAVE with Solar Newsletter

  • You Have the Power Campaign

  • Annual Energy Awards Program

Femp regional representatives


Chicago RO



Boston RO










Denver RO

FEMP Regional Representatives

Femp regional office contacts

FEMP Regional Office Contacts

SeattleCheri Sayer(206) 553-7838

DenverRandy Jones(303) 275-4814

ChicagoMelinda Latimer(312) 886-8561

PhiladelphiaClaudia Marchione(215) 656-6967

AtlantaLisa Hollingsworth(404) 562-0569

BostonPaul King(617) 565-9712

Clean cities

Clean Cities

Photo credit: David Parsons, NREL

Clean cities program

Clean Cities Program

  • Supports public-private partnerships that deploy alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and build supporting infrastructure

  • AFV Fuels:

    CNG, LNG, E85, LPG, Biodiesel, Electricity

  • 9th National Clean Cities Conference & Expo

    May 19-23, 2003Palm Springs, CA

  • Alternative Fuels Data Center

Clean cities coalitions

Clean Cities Coalitions

  • Locally based government and industry partnerships coordinated by DOE to expand the use of alternatives to gasoline and diesel fuels

  • National Park Partnerships

    • Rocky Mountain National Park with Weld and Larimer counties (W/L/RMNP), designated May 1996

    • Greater Yellowstone-Teton Clean Cities National Park Coalition, designated September 2002

    • Lake Tahoe Clean Cities Coalition, planning stage



  • DOE research to cost-effectively produce biofuels from diverse feedstocks

  • Regional Biomass Energy Program

    Increase production and use of bioenergy resources

  • Opportunities for biodiesel education/workshops

    Contact: Shaine Tyson at 303-275-4616

  • Biennial Bioenergy Conference

    Fall 2004

  • For additional Information

Biodiesel ethanol examples

Biodiesel & Ethanol Examples

  • Biodiesel Vehicles

    • Forest Service – Wyoming

      55 vehicles run on B20 year-round

    • Yellowstone National Park

      Truck-in-the-Park pickup - B100 without additives

    • Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore

      B20 (soy-diesel) blended into diesel fuel tanks. Also soy-based lubricants, hydraulic fluid, two-cycleoil, and crankcase oil.

  • E-85 fueling stations

    • Mammoth Cave National Park

    • NPS National Capital Region

Biomass power

Biomass Power

  • BioPower: renewable electricity from plant material

  • DOE research to produce small, modular biopower systems (5 kW to 5 MW)

  • Current FEMP Project: Forest Service/Yavapai-Apache Nation – Feasibility of 2-10 MW woodchip biomass electricity generating plant

High performance buildings

High Performance Buildings

Photo credit: Dr. Paul Torcellini, NREL

High performance buildings1

High Performance Buildings

  • Goal: To substantially improve the performance of commercial buildings by changing how these buildings are designed, built, and operated

  • Strategies:

    • Technical Evaluation and Research

    • Building Performance

    • Communication/Project Documentation

  • Start participation with application

  • Additional information and resources online

High performance buildings2

High Performance Buildings

  • Criteria for participation

    • Committed to 70% energy cost savings when compared to 10CFR434 (lighting and HVAC loads)

    • Employ near 100% daylighting with automated lighting control that respond to daylight levels

    • Design envelope based on simulation results and design HVAC based on specific load conditions

    • Pre-design stage (buildings with plans are too far along to make substantial effective energy choices)

    • Building available for monitoring and evaluation for at least 1 year during occupancy

    • Plan to incorporate energy features that are of current research interest

Case studies

Case Studies

DOE Supported Projects

with the National Park Service in Western Regions

Sustainable building

Sustainable Building

Zion National Park Visitor Center

  • Passive down-draft evaporative cooling towers

  • Daylighting

  • Engineered shading

  • Natural ventilation

  • Automatic windows

  • Trombe walls

  • Direct gain heating

  • Thermal Mass

  • 7 kW Photovoltaics

  • Outdoor exhibits (smaller bldg)

Estimated 70% savings in purchased energy compared to conventional building design. Using a whole building design process resulted in a project that also cost less to build.

Solar water heating

Solar Water Heating

  • Chickasaw NRA (Oklahoma) incorporated solar energy in three new comfort stations.

    • (1) 1000, (2) 500 gal storage

    • (1) 484, (2) 194 sf collectors

    • $3500/yr savings

    • 37,000 kWh/yr total equivalent solar heat

  • These systems reduce operating and maintenance costs and increase reliability. A simple 9-year payback period makes the project cost effective for this site.

"The great thing about using solar heated showers ... is the user demand very closely follows the amount of available sunlight." —Mark Golnar, NPS Mechanical Engineer

Renewable energy at pinnacles national monument

Renewable Energy atPinnacles National Monument

  • PV-hybrid system provided an elegant solution for electricity in sensitive area

    • 9.6 kW PV with 20 kW propane genset

    • LCC analysis: system costs $83k less than 2 replacement propane gensets over 20-years

  • New GMP Project: move facilities above flood plain

    • Sizing off-grid hybrid system

    • New efficient building design

“The PV system … costs a fraction of what we used to pay each month to operate and maintain the diesel generators it replaces." —Gary Candelaria, Superintendent

Renewable energy at natural bridges national monument

Renewable Energy atNatural Bridges National Monument

PV-Hybrid System Rehabilitation Study

  • Assessed load requirements + system needs

    • Original 100 kW solar array now under 50 kW

    • 60 kW diesel back-up generator

    • New batteries, charge controller and inverter

  • Produced performance specifications suitable for bids

Renewable energy at yosemite national park

Renewable Energy atYosemite National Park

El Portal Maintenance Facility

  • 47kW PV grid-connected system

  • Supplies 10% of electric demand during peak hours

  • PowerLight system adds R-20 insulation to the roof

  • Meets air quality goals for point source pollution reduction (offsetting PG&E pollution from electricity generation)

Renewable energy at whiskeytown national recreation area

Renewable Energy atWhiskeytown National Recreation Area

  • Visitor Center PV grid-connected systems

  • Fixed panels and passive tracker

Renewable energy at kalaupapa national historic park

Renewable Energy atKalaupapa National Historic Park

  • Implementing a PV-hybrid system for water pumping to eliminate diesel generator operation

  • Study for long-term sustainable energy resources

Renewable energy at mt rainier national park

Renewable Energy atMt. Rainier National Park

White River Facility

  • 15.5kW PV-hybrid system with propane genset serves 59 kWh/day load

  • 207 modules on 90 linear feet of new garage roof

  • Replaces a generator-only system with the solar providing 85% of the electricity needs

  • Reduces generator run-time from 3500 to 150 hours per season (dramatic reduction in noise)

Renewable energy at mojave national preserve

Renewable Energy atMojave National Preserve

Hole-in-the-Wall Fire Station

  • 10.88-kW PV-hybrid system with propane genset serves 50 kWh/day load

  • Serves 50 kWh/day load of fire station dormitory (up to 16 firefighters) and garage

  • Flexible, amorphous-silicon roofing laminates, applied to a new metal roof

Renewable energy at joshua tree national park

Renewable Energy atJoshua Tree National Park

Oasis Visitor Center

  • Feasibility study, result: 40kW PV grid-tied system

  • Off-set electricity conventional generation with shade

  • Several other showcase PV-hybrid systems with knowledgeable supporting staff

Renewable energy at channel islands national park

Renewable Energy at Channel Islands National Park

Water Heating and Light Tube

Wind Hybrid Electricity System at San Miguel Island

Water pumping (with storage)

Renewable energy at point reyes national seashore

Renewable Energy at Point Reyes National Seashore

PV at Education Center

PV at Pacific Coast Learning Center

SDHW at Education Center

Renewable energy at glen canyon national recreation area

Renewable Energy atGlen Canyon National Recreation Area

115 kW hybrid system serving Dangling Rope Marina. This project offsets barging 65,000 gallons/year of diesel fuel across Lake Powell. Important lessons learned with hybrid system.

Renewable energy at yellowstone national park

Renewable Energy atYellowstone National Park

7 kW system serving Lamar Buffalo Ranch

The system provides 14,000 kWh/year with reduced noise and air pollution

Renewable energy at lake mead national recreation area

Renewable Energy atLake Mead National Recreation Area

  • 1.2 kW system serving Shivwits Fire Camp

  • Provides power for seasonal ranger operations

  • Installed as part of a field training workshop

Fuel cell at yellowstone national park

Fuel Cell atYellowstone National Park

  • Powers Kiosks at West Entrance

  • 4.5-kW, propane-fueled

  • Being evaluated for effectiveness at high elevation and in a severe climate

  • Successful collaboration:

    • Yellowstone National Park

    • Fall River Rural Electric Cooperative

    • H Power Corporation

    • Propane Education & Research Council

Biofuels marine project

Biofuels – Marine Project

The Pacific Ranger has operated on 100% biodiesel for two years. This renewable organic- based fuel is manufactured from used vegetable cooking oils. This project will reduce the demand on petroleum resources, decrease exhaust emissions and demonstrate the viable application of alternative fuels applications in marine service.

The Pacific Ranger at Channel Islands National Park. Note the “bulbous bow” hull modification which reduces friction & wake resistance on the displacement hull as it travels through the water.

Biofuels truck project

Biofuels - Truck Project

Truck-in-the-Park Program

  • Unmodified 3/4 ton diesel truck

  • 130,000 miles on 100% biodiesel

  • Engine teardown at 100,000 miles indicated little wear and no carbon buildup.

  • Benefits

    • Reduced toxicity, emissions, smoke, odors

    • Increased safety, biodegradability

  • Performance

    • 16.3 mpg (1 mpg less than diesel)

    • $2-$3.50 per gallon if commercial-scale production available

The biodiesel fuel is produced locally in Idaho and Montana. It is made from rapeseed (canola) ethyl ester: rapeseed oil is extracted and combined with ethanol (potato waste). A "bear attraction test" dispelled the notion that the french fry smell of biodiesel would attract bears.

In closing

In closing …

National park service regional perspective

National Park ServiceRegional Perspective

What Can We Do Within Our Boundaries to Promote Environmental and Energy Conservation Goals?

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