Dred scott decision
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Dred Scott Decision. Dred Scott was a slave Owner had taken him north of Missouri Compromise Line Sued for freedom Court Ruled Slaves did not have same rights as citizens Had no claim to freedom – lived in MO at time of lawsuit

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Dred Scott Decision

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Dred scott decision

Dred Scott Decision

  • Dred Scott was a slave

  • Owner had taken him north of Missouri Compromise Line

  • Sued for freedom

  • Court Ruled

    • Slaves did not have same rights as citizens

    • Had no claim to freedom – lived in MO at time of lawsuit

    • Missouri Compromise unconstitutional – interfered with slaveholders’ right to own property

  • Cleared way for extension of slavery


Lecompton constitution

Lecompton Constitution

  • Pro-slavery government of Kansas applied for statehood

  • Free Soilers rejected the Constitution

  • Legislature called for a vote (referendum) on issue

  • President Buchanan supported the Constitution – no need for a new vote

  • Stephen Douglas outraged – convinced Congress to authorize another vote

  • Voters rejected the constitution

  • Split the northern and southern factions of the Democratic Party


Lincoln douglas debates

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Ran against each other for Senator

  • Douglas

    • Popular sovereignty would allow slavery to die on its own

    • Slavery was not immoral, but an outdated economic system

  • Lincoln

    • Slavery would never die on its own

    • Slavery was an immoral system based on greed

  • Douglas won, but views alienated him from southern voters


John brown and harpers ferry

John Brown and Harpers Ferry

  • John Brown – abolitionist from north

  • Harpers Ferry – federal arsenal located in Virginia

  • Brown led 21 men on raid to capture the arsenal

  • Planned to give weapons to local slaves – start uprising

  • 50 local townspeople held hostage – hoped slaves would join

  • No slaves came forward

  • Federal troops killed 10 of Brown’s men

  • Brown captured – tried for treaon


Election of 1860

Election of 1860

  • Democratic Party split

    • Northern Democrats – Stephen Douglas – popular sovereignty

    • Southern Democrats – John C. Breckenridge – slavery everywhere

  • Republican Party – Abraham Lincoln – stop SPREAD of slavery

  • Constitutional Union Party – John Bell – took no position on slavery

  • Democratic split allowed Lincoln to win north

  • Entire north voted for Licoln

  • Entire south voted for Breckenridge

  • Lincoln easily won electoral vote, even though he only won 40% of popular vote


Secession of southern states

Secession of Southern States

  • Southern states threatened that they would lose slavery

  • South Carolina was first to secede

  • 7 Deep South states seceded before Lincoln took office

  • War started at Fort Sumter

  • 4 additional states (VA, NC, TN, AR) seceded after Fort Sumter


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