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Dred Scott Decision. Dred Scott was a slave Owner had taken him north of Missouri Compromise Line Sued for freedom Court Ruled Slaves did not have same rights as citizens Had no claim to freedom – lived in MO at time of lawsuit

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dred scott decision
Dred Scott Decision
  • Dred Scott was a slave
  • Owner had taken him north of Missouri Compromise Line
  • Sued for freedom
  • Court Ruled
    • Slaves did not have same rights as citizens
    • Had no claim to freedom – lived in MO at time of lawsuit
    • Missouri Compromise unconstitutional – interfered with slaveholders’ right to own property
  • Cleared way for extension of slavery
lecompton constitution
Lecompton Constitution
  • Pro-slavery government of Kansas applied for statehood
  • Free Soilers rejected the Constitution
  • Legislature called for a vote (referendum) on issue
  • President Buchanan supported the Constitution – no need for a new vote
  • Stephen Douglas outraged – convinced Congress to authorize another vote
  • Voters rejected the constitution
  • Split the northern and southern factions of the Democratic Party
lincoln douglas debates
Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Ran against each other for Senator

  • Douglas
    • Popular sovereignty would allow slavery to die on its own
    • Slavery was not immoral, but an outdated economic system
  • Lincoln
    • Slavery would never die on its own
    • Slavery was an immoral system based on greed
  • Douglas won, but views alienated him from southern voters
john brown and harpers ferry
John Brown and Harpers Ferry
  • John Brown – abolitionist from north
  • Harpers Ferry – federal arsenal located in Virginia
  • Brown led 21 men on raid to capture the arsenal
  • Planned to give weapons to local slaves – start uprising
  • 50 local townspeople held hostage – hoped slaves would join
  • No slaves came forward
  • Federal troops killed 10 of Brown’s men
  • Brown captured – tried for treaon
election of 1860
Election of 1860
  • Democratic Party split
    • Northern Democrats – Stephen Douglas – popular sovereignty
    • Southern Democrats – John C. Breckenridge – slavery everywhere
  • Republican Party – Abraham Lincoln – stop SPREAD of slavery
  • Constitutional Union Party – John Bell – took no position on slavery
  • Democratic split allowed Lincoln to win north
  • Entire north voted for Licoln
  • Entire south voted for Breckenridge
  • Lincoln easily won electoral vote, even though he only won 40% of popular vote
secession of southern states
Secession of Southern States
  • Southern states threatened that they would lose slavery
  • South Carolina was first to secede
  • 7 Deep South states seceded before Lincoln took office
  • War started at Fort Sumter
  • 4 additional states (VA, NC, TN, AR) seceded after Fort Sumter
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