Objective: To examine the importance of the Lincoln – Douglas debates and the Dred Scott decision. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen Douglas. Dred Scott. Lincoln – Douglas Debates. In 1858, Abraham Lincoln challenged incumbent Stephen Douglas for his seat in the Senate.
Objective: To examine the importance of the Lincoln – Douglas debates and the Dred Scott decision.
In 1858, Abraham Lincoln challenged incumbent Stephen Douglas for his seat in the Senate.
(Incumbent – the holder of an office or position)
Abraham Lincoln (left) and Stephen Douglas (right)
• Lincoln was wrong for wanting to end slavery.
• If Lincoln tried to end slavery, the U.S. could face a civil war.
• Douglas believed that each territory should be able to decide on its’ own whether or not to allow slavery by using popular sovereignty.
• Lincoln believed that slavery was evil and should be kept out of the territories.
• Lincoln believed that African Americans were guaranteed “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”, as stated in the Declaration of Independence.
Illinois in 1858, showing state senate districts (left) and house districts (right)
• Douglas won the election by a slim margin.
• However, Lincoln became well known throughout the nation.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates: Video(2:13)
• Dred Scott was a slave from Missouri. (MO)
• Scott and his owner moved to Wisconsin for four years.
• Scott’s owner died after returning to Missouri.
* Scott sued for his freedom. He claimed that he should be a free man since he lived in a free territory (WI) for four years.
Q: Was Scott a U.S. citizen with the right to sue?
Q: Did living in a free territory make Scott a free man?
Q: Did Congress have the right to outlaw slavery in any territory?
• Dred Scott was not given his freedom.
• The Missouri Compromise was found to be unconstitutional.
Open to slavery through popular sovereignty (Compromise of 1850)
Open to slavery through popular sovereignty (KS-NE Act)
Missouri Compromise line is declared unconstitutional (Dred Scott Decision)