Effective tables and charts
Download
1 / 36

Effective Tables and Charts - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 116 Views
  • Updated On :

Effective Tables and Charts. Important Elements of Graphic Presentation of Data Rena Cheskis-Gold. Part I. Charting Data. Basic Table. Bar Charts. Quickly compare one category to another. Pie Charts. Less flexible than bar charts. Must include all categories and add to 100% .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Effective Tables and Charts' - taran


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Effective tables and charts l.jpg

Effective Tables and Charts

Important Elements of Graphic Presentation

of Data

Rena Cheskis-Gold

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Part i charting data l.jpg

Part I. Charting Data

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Basic table l.jpg
Basic Table

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Bar charts l.jpg
Bar Charts

  • Quickly compare one category to another.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Pie charts l.jpg
Pie Charts

  • Less flexible than bar charts.

  • Must include all categories and add to 100%.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


When there is a second layer of information you must use a bar chart l.jpg
When there is a second layer of information, you must use a bar chart.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Bar charts are useful for more complex comparisons l.jpg
Bar charts are useful for more complex comparisons. bar chart.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Comparing distributions males to females l.jpg
Comparing Distributions: bar chart.Males to Females

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Comparing divisions l.jpg
Comparing Divisions bar chart.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Time plots l.jpg
Time Plots bar chart.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Cumulative time plot l.jpg
Cumulative Time Plot bar chart.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Box plots l.jpg
Box Plots bar chart.

  • To Summarize Large Amounts of Information

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Part ii statistical thinking l.jpg

Part II. bar chart.Statistical Thinking

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


When to chart or not l.jpg
When to chart or not? bar chart.

1. Enough variation to chart?

2. Makes sense to chart?

3. Interesting enough to chart?

4. Precise enough to chart?

5. Enough information to draw a conclusion?

6. Is a chart the best way?

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Is there enough variation to warrant a chart l.jpg
Is there enough variation to warrant a chart? bar chart.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Will the comparison make sense if charted l.jpg
Will the comparison make sense if charted? bar chart.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Are the data interesting enough to chart l.jpg
Are the data interesting bar chart.enough to chart?

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Are the data precise enough to chart l.jpg
Are the data precise bar chart.enough to chart?

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Is a chart the best way to display these data l.jpg
Is a chart the best way to display these data? bar chart.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Part iii effective presentation of data l.jpg

Part III. bar chart.Effective Presentation of Data

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Importance of an effective data presentation l.jpg
Importance of an Effective bar chart.Data Presentation

  • The desired effect is not ‘data,’ but ‘information.’

  • A good appearance will not disguise bad data, but a bad appearance may minimize your good efforts.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Why do we need to understand graphic design l.jpg
Why Do We Need to Understand Graphic Design? bar chart.

  • To have the correct vocabulary to communicate with design professionals

  • To work efficiently and produce better quality documents

  • Good design is “intelligence made visible”

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Project background questions l.jpg
Project Background Questions bar chart.

  • What are the expectations of the audience? What is their level of sophistication?

  • How will the document be used?

  • What are the available resources and timetable?

  • How and where will the document be printed, and are there cost limitations?

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Basic graphic design elements l.jpg
Basic Graphic Design Elements bar chart.

  • Unity

  • Variety

  • Design a Page Grid

  • Group Related Items

  • Establish Clear Alignments

  • Repeat Visual Elements

  • Utilize Strong Contrasts

  • Choose Appropriate Fonts

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Style considerations l.jpg

Size bar chart.

Reproduction

Lines

Level of Precision

Over-label

Choosing Your Style

Abbreviations

Style Considerations

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Slide26 l.jpg

“Although we often hear that data speak for themselves, their voices can be soft and sly.”

Mosteller, F. Beginning Statistics with Data Analysis. 1983.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Conceptual errors in presenting data anna waggener u s army war college l.jpg
Conceptual Errors in their voices can be soft and sly.”Presenting DataAnna Waggener, U.S. Army War College

  • Using ‘chart junk’

  • No relative basis

    in comparing data

    batches

  • Compressing the

    Vertical axis

  • No zero point on the

    vertical axis

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Chart junk and lie factor l.jpg
‘Chart Junk’ and their voices can be soft and sly.”Lie Factor

Good Presentation

Bad Presentation

Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage

$

1960: $1.00

4

1970: $1.60

2

1980: $3.10

0

1960

1970

1980

1990

1990: $3.80

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com

Source: Anna Waggener


No relative basis l.jpg
No Relative Basis their voices can be soft and sly.”

Bad Presentation

Good Presentation

A’s received by students.

A’s received by students.

Freq.

%

30%

300

200





10%

0



FR

SO

JR

SR

FR

SO

JR

SR

Source: Anna Waggener

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


No zero point on vertical axis l.jpg
No Zero Point their voices can be soft and sly.”on Vertical Axis

Bad Presentation

Good Presentation

Monthly Expenses

Monthly Expenses

$

$

45

60

42

40

39

20

36

0

J

F

M

M

J

J

F

M

A

M

J

A

Graphing the first six months of sales.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com

Source: Anna Waggener


More errors in presenting data l.jpg
More Errors in Presenting Data their voices can be soft and sly.”

  • Inappropriate use of depth

  • Poor labeling

  • Too small or too crowded

  • Bad translation from color to black and white

  • Not enough information

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Especially annoying errors in presenting data l.jpg
Especially Annoying Errors in Presenting Data their voices can be soft and sly.”

  • Usage of abbreviations, especially computer variables

  • Superfluous ‘tick’ marks

  • Vibration

  • Unnecessary precision

  • Data hiding in text form

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Using fonts in presentations l.jpg
Using Fonts in Presentations their voices can be soft and sly.”

  • Pick the right font for the message.

  • Serif fonts (Times New Roman) vs. Sans Serif fonts (Arial).

  • Use bold, italics, and color carefully.

  • Consistency is important.

    Source: Microsoft Powerpoint.

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Typical powerpoint default chart l.jpg
Typical Powerpoint their voices can be soft and sly.”Default Chart

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


Slide35 l.jpg

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives their voices can be soft and sly.”wwww.dem-perspectives.com


For help or information contact rena cheskis gold 203 397 1612 rena@dem perspectives com l.jpg

For help or information, contact their voices can be soft and sly.”

Rena Cheskis-Gold, (203) 397-1612

[email protected]

© 2004 Demographic Perspectives wwww.dem-perspectives.com


ad