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Open Access Publishing and Physical Review X. Ling Miao Associate Editor Physical Review X American Physical Society. What Is Open Access Publishing?. Context. Publishers: Cost of making and maintaining journals.

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Open Access Publishing


Physical Review X

Ling Miao

Associate Editor

Physical Review X

American Physical Society

What Is Open Access Publishing?


Publishers: Cost of making and maintaining journals

  • Professional Management of the peer-review process: Editorial

  • Professional composition: Style, format, technical readability

  • On-line hosting: IT infrastructure

  • Long-term preservation: Storage, maintenance, & upgrade

Readers: Access

  • Should readers pay for the cost?

  • If readers don’t, who should?

What Is Open Access Publishing?

Traditional Model

Open-access Models

Paid (restricted) access


Free access

Who pays

Libraries, individuals

through subscriptions

Authors, or

their institutions, or


What Is Open Access Publishing?

Different open-access publishing models

  • Hybrid (gold open-access) model:

  • Entire journals still subscribed by libraries

  • Individual articles made free to all readers for a fee

  • Fees used to reduce the subscription cost

  • Fully open-access model:

  • Entire journals free to read

  • An article-processing charge paid for each article

APS operates: Hybrid + Full OA;

+ Green Open Access: allow free article posting on

authors’ own websites

APS’sPublic-Access Initiative

The American Physical Society’s

Open Access Journals


  • On-line publication:

  • Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators & Beams

  • Physical Review Special Topics: Phys. Education Res.


  • Physical Review X: broad scope, highly selective

Free to Read

Why Open Access?

  • Benefit to

  • Readers in general

  • Developing countries

  • Small educational or research institutions

  • Industrial research labs

  • Benefit to authors:

  • Broader, systematic distribution of their work

  • More control over financial resources for publication

  • Popular demand & political drive

Is Open Access the Future of Publishing?

My Personal Take

  • At the level of principle: YES, it should be!

  • In reality: Will it be????

A Revolution Required:

Global-scale restructuring of allocation of financial resources

for supporting scientific publications


  • Scale of the change: global

  • Special-interest groups against the change

  • Human nature: sticking to a habit

The future is also in your hands!




High Profile

Open Access





Nature Physics

Nature Materials

Nature Photonics




AIP Advances

PLoS One

(For acceptance: only

technical correctness)



  • Open access

  • Broad scope:

Welcome: cross-topic, cross-field, cross-discipline, applied research

  • Highly selective publication standards (20% acceptance)

  • Review process: Efficient, well-informed, effective

  • Publication format: Flexible length, on-line only

  • Content delivery

  • Rapid publication after acceptance

  • Enhanced visibility by modern, dynamic on-line presentation