Insert the needle about 1 to 2 inches caudal to the skin pinch. Pectoral muscle IM injection location. Isolating the muscle. Giving the IM injection. Personally I do not prefer this site due to the location. Injections (cont’d). Buttocks Preferred for foals Puts handler within kicking range
Preferred for foals
Puts handler within kicking range
Can also be done on top
Although abscesses are hard to drain
The gluteal region
may be used for
IM Injections, but
the pectoral or
preferred sites for
The white tape
Hitting this can
Paralyze an animal.
This is the proper
Technique for giving
An IM injection into
IM injection into the
Muscles in the horse.
Insert the needle!
Can be given into any visible or palpable vein, safely.
The jugular vein is the most accessible, safest and popular vein used today.
14- to 22-gauge needles × 1 to 1 1/2 inches
Jugular is the most popular
Lateral thoracic vein, cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and coccygeal vein are also accessible
Always insert your needle into the cranial half of the jugular groove. If you hit the carotid artery the medication will flow with great speed to the brain and cause the horse to faint and/or die.
Are the easiest to perform.
Most common place: lateral aspect of the neck.
20- to 22-gauge × 1 inch in length
Very rarely used to administer medications.
Only volumes of less than 1ml can be injected into the skin at a single site.
A visible bleb should appear in the skin.
Less than 1 ml can be given
25 × 1-gauge needle
Most commonly used are 10-, 14-, and 16-gauge needles.
10-gauge are recommended for emergency use.
Almost always inserted into the jugular vein; if not available, the lateral thoracic vein can be used.
Newborn foals. Commonly given to newborn foals to encourage passage of the meconium (fetal feces). No special equipment involved, can use human pediatric enema solutions.
Fluids should be warm and nonirritating
Tube or hose
No further than 12 inches
1 to 3 gallons of liquid can be given to an average (1000 lb) adult horse
A 20- to 22-gauge lacrimal cannula or a small-diameter flexible catheter (tomcat urinary catheter)
Inserted into a punctum and sterile fluid injected via an attached syringe
Small 1- to 2-mm catheter inserted into the nasal punctum and sterile fluid flushed
Startled when the fluid suddenly enters the eye