Insert the needle about 1 to 2 inches caudal to the skin pinch
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Insert the needle about 1 to 2 inches caudal to the skin pinch. Pectoral muscle IM injection location. Isolating the muscle. Giving the IM injection. Personally I do not prefer this site due to the location. Injections (cont’d). Buttocks Preferred for foals Puts handler within kicking range

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Injections cont d
Injections (cont’d) site due to the location.

Buttocks

Preferred for foals

Puts handler within kicking range

Can also be done on top

Although abscesses are hard to drain




The gluteal region site due to the location.

may be used for

IM Injections, but

the pectoral or

semimembranosis/

semitendinosis

muscles are

preferred sites for

IM injections.


The white tape site due to the location.

Represents the

Sciatic groove,

Hitting this can

Paralyze an animal.

This is the proper

Technique for giving

An IM injection into

The semitendinosis

Injection.


IM injection into the site due to the location.

Semimembranosis

and

Semitendinosis

Muscles in the horse.



Tap, Tap What is wrong?

With your

Palm

Go Now!

Insert the needle!


Intravenous injections

Intravenous Injections What is wrong?

Can be given into any visible or palpable vein, safely.

The jugular vein is the most accessible, safest and popular vein used today.


Injections cont d1
Injections (cont’d) What is wrong?

Intravenous

14- to 22-gauge needles × 1 to 1 1/2 inches

Jugular is the most popular

Lateral thoracic vein, cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and coccygeal vein are also accessible


Always insert your needle into the cranial half of the jugular groove. If you hit the carotid artery the medication will flow with great speed to the brain and cause the horse to faint and/or die.



Location of the lateral thoracic vein. Needle sizes can vary from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


Subcutaneous injections

Subcutaneous Injections from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.

Are the easiest to perform.

Most common place: lateral aspect of the neck.

Subcutaneous

20- to 22-gauge × 1 inch in length


Intradermal injection

Intradermal Injection from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.

Very rarely used to administer medications.

Only volumes of less than 1ml can be injected into the skin at a single site.

A visible bleb should appear in the skin.

Less than 1 ml can be given

25 × 1-gauge needle


Intravenous catheterization

Intravenous Catheterization from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


Catheterization
Catheterization from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.

Catheters

Most commonly used are 10-, 14-, and 16-gauge needles.

10-gauge are recommended for emergency use.

Almost always inserted into the jugular vein; if not available, the lateral thoracic vein can be used.


Catheterization cont d
Catheterization (cont’d) from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


CORRECT from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.

POSITION

INCORRECT

POSITION


Crest braided
Crest Braided from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


Enemas
Enemas from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.

Newborn foals. Commonly given to newborn foals to encourage passage of the meconium (fetal feces). No special equipment involved, can use human pediatric enema solutions.

Fluids should be warm and nonirritating

Tube or hose

No further than 12 inches

1 to 3 gallons of liquid can be given to an average (1000 lb) adult horse


Flushing of the nasolacrimal ducts
Flushing of the Nasolacrimal Ducts from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.

A 20- to 22-gauge lacrimal cannula or a small-diameter flexible catheter (tomcat urinary catheter)

Inserted into a punctum and sterile fluid injected via an attached syringe

Small 1- to 2-mm catheter inserted into the nasal punctum and sterile fluid flushed

Startled when the fluid suddenly enters the eye


Nasolacrimal ducts
Nasolacrimal Ducts from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


Restraining
Restraining from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


  • video from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


Subpalpebral lavage
Subpalpebral lavage from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


Blocking the frontal nerves
Blocking the frontal nerves from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.


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