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Object Pronouns. Me, te, nos. Two Types of Object Pronouns. There are two types of object pronouns: Direct and indirect Direct Object Pronouns (DOPNs) answer the question “Who or what is receiving the action of the verb?”

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object pronouns

Object Pronouns

Me, te, nos

two types of object pronouns
Two Types of Object Pronouns
  • There are two types of object pronouns: Direct and indirect
  • Direct Object Pronouns (DOPNs) answer the question “Who or what is receiving the action of the verb?”
  • Indirect Object Pronouns (IDOPNs) answer the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed. It tells us where the DOPN is going.
example
Example
  • The doctor writes me a prescription.

verb

Indirect object

Subject

Direct object

  • What does he write?
  • For whom does he write the prescription? Where is the prescription going?

Me

To Me

  • In Spanish this sentence would be:
  • El medico me escribeunareceta
indirect object pronouns answer the question to whom or for whom
Indirect Object Pronounsanswer the question "To whom?" or "For whom?"
  • (to/ for) me = me (pronounced “may”)
  • (to/ for) you = te
  • (to/ for) him, her, it, you formal = le
  • (to/ for) us = nos
  • (to/ for) them, you all = les
  • Look familiar?
you have already used them
You have already used them!
  • Me gustan los deportes

IDOPN

verb

Subject

  • Literally this sentence means:
  • The sports are pleasing to me.

Subject

verb

IDOPN

you have already used them6
You have already used them!
  • le duele la garganta

IDOPN

verb

Subject

  • Literally this sentence means:
  • The throat hurts (give pain to) him

verb

Subject

IDOPN

direct object pronouns who or what is receiving the action of the verb
Direct Object Pronouns“Who or what is receiving the action of the verb?”
  • me = me (pronounced “may”)
  • you = te
  • him, her, it, you formal = lo, la
  • us = nos
  • them, you all = los, las

We will only use me, te, and nos in this chapter.

examples
Examples
  • The doctors examine us.
  • Los medicos nos examinan.

Subject

verb

DOPN

Subject

DOPN

verb

  • Who or what do they examine?

us

  • “Us” or “nos” is the direct object pronoun.
examples9
Examples

Daddy, I adore you.

  • -Papi, te adoro.

DOPN

Subject

verb

DOPN

verb

Subject

  • Who or what do I adore?

you

  • “You” or “te” is the direct object pronoun.
did you notice
Did you notice?
  • Both the DOPNs and IDOPNs come before the noun.
  • Me, Te, and nos are the same for both sets of object pronouns
  • The verb matches the subject NOT the objects.
look again
Look again
  • El medico me escribe una receta

The verb matches the Subject

The IDOPN come before the verb

practicamos
Practicamos

TE

  • ¿____ duele el estómago? Sí, me duele el estómago.
  • ¿Me escribes una carta? Sí, ____ escribo.
  • ¿Por qué te da una receta el médico? Porque____ duele la garganta.
  • Mi profesor de español ______ explica la lección porque no comprendo la lección.

TE

ME

ME

ad