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Mountain. Safety. MS 1_8: FA Basics (Insects, Bites & Stings). Learnin g Intention: To equip you with the knowledge to avoid, recognise and treat insect bites and stings. Success Criteria: By the end of this session everyone should be able to:

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Mountain

Safety


MS 1_8:

FA Basics

(Insects, Bites & Stings)


Learning Intention:

To equip you with the knowledge to avoid, recognise and treat insect bites and stings.


  • Success Criteria:

  • By the end of this session everyone should be able to:

  • Describe what steps to take to avoid, recognise and treat common insect-related problems in a wilderness environment.

  • Some of you may be able to:

  • Describe the symptoms of Lyme Disease and anaphylaxis.


  • Activities:

  • Discussion/Powerpoint:

  • - Insect problems

  • - What can I do to avoid them?

  • - How should you treat them?

  • 2. Video: Tick removal



  • Midges: mostly a nuisance, rarely a medical issue;

  • Bees & wasps: very rare to get stung;

  • Ticks: carry disease



How to avoid midges
How to avoid midges

  • Cover up skin

  • Wear insect repellent

  • Keep on the move

  • Wear a head net when stationary

  • Stay in a breeze

  • Smoke (!)

  • Do not camp near still water (lochs, boggy ground) where they gather and breed

  • Wash pots and do not leave food waste



How to treat a midge bite
How to treat a midge bite

  • Annoying – only usually a health issue where there are multiple bites

  • Apply anti-histamine cream

  • Do not scratch



  • Rare, especially in upland areas

  • Painful, but not generally dangerous

  • Bee stings are best removed with tweezers

  • Not generally dangerous, but a few people can have an anaphylactic reaction…


Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis

  • AN EXTREME ALLERGIC REACTION

  • Swelling, especially around the mouth and eyes

  • Sufferers should carry medication, often in the form of a self-injecting needle or ‘pen’

  • Anaphylaxis can be a MEDICAL EMERGENCY, if it threatens the airway

  • Evacuate to hospital IMMEDIATELY



Ticks
TICKS

  • Common in some woodland

  • Attach themselves painlessly to passing mammals

  • You will not find them unless you check yourself

  • Some ticks can carry Lyme Disease



  • Lyme Disease:

  • ‘Bulls-eye’ rash

  • Flu-like symptoms

  • Arthritis & death

  • See a doctor



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