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Licensing Community Radio. Lawrie Hallett: [email protected] [August 2004]. What this presentation covers…. What this presentation covers. The Community Radio Order. What this presentation covers. The Community Radio Order Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing.

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Presentation Transcript
licensing community radio

Licensing Community Radio

Lawrie Hallett: [email protected]

[August 2004]

what this presentation covers3
What this presentation covers
  • The Community Radio Order
what this presentation covers4
What this presentation covers
  • The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
what this presentation covers5
What this presentation covers
  • The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • What Ofcom Must Consider
what this presentation covers6
What this presentation covers
  • The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • What Ofcom Must Consider
  • Coverage & Frequency Availability
what this presentation covers7
What this presentation covers
  • The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • What Ofcom Must Consider
  • Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Licensing Community Stations
what this presentation covers8
What this presentation covers
  • The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • What Ofcom Must Consider
  • Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Licensing Community Stations
  • Licensing Restrictions
what this presentation covers9
What this presentation covers
  • The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • What Ofcom Must Consider
  • Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Licensing Community Stations
  • Licensing Restrictions
  • This year’s deadline!
what this presentation covers10
What this presentation covers
  • The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • What Ofcom Must Consider
  • Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Licensing Community Stations
  • Licensing Restrictions
  • This year’s deadline!
  • More Information…
the community radio order
The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom licenses Community Radio under the Community Radio Order 2004
the community radio order12
The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom licenses Community Radio under the Community Radio Order 2004
  • The Order reflects responses to the DCMS consultation of earlier this year
the community radio order13
The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom licenses Community Radio under the Community Radio Order 2004
  • The Order reflects responses to the DCMS consultation of earlier this year
  • Government defines Community Radio through this Order
the community radio order14
The Community Radio Order
  • Ofcom licenses Community Radio under the Community Radio Order 2004
  • The Order reflects responses to the DCMS consultation of earlier this year
  • Government defines Community Radio through this Order
  • Ofcom can only license Community Radio services under the terms of this Order
ofcom s approach to licensing
Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • Ofcom will consider a number of factors when evaluating licence applications…
ofcom s approach to licensing16
Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • Ofcom will consider a number of factors when evaluating licence applications…
  • The requirements of the Community Radio Order 2004
ofcom s approach to licensing17
Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • Ofcom will consider a number of factors when evaluating licence applications…

1. The requirements of the Community Radio Order 2004

2. Other relevant broadcasting legislation

ofcom s approach to licensing18
Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing
  • Ofcom will consider a number of factors when evaluating licence applications…
  • The requirements of the Community Radio Order 2004
  • Other relevant broadcasting legislation
  • The availability of suitable frequency resources
coverage frequency availability
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum
coverage frequency availability20
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum
  • Ofcom will allocate spectrum not suitable for use by commercial services
coverage frequency availability21
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum
  • Ofcom will allocate spectrum not suitable for use by commercial services
  • In general these frequencies will cover areas of up to a 5 km radius
coverage frequency availability22
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum
  • Ofcom will allocate spectrum which is not suitable for use by commercial services
  • In general these frequencies will cover areas of up to a 5 km radius
  • In some remote rural areas wider FM coverage may be allowed
coverage frequency availability23
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum
  • Ofcom will allocate spectrum which is not suitable for use by commercial services
  • In general these frequency allocations will cover areas of less than a 5 km radius
  • In some remote rural areas wider FM coverage may be allowed
  • AM services may be allowed to cover a greater than 5 km radius
coverage frequency availability24
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum
  • Ofcom will allocate spectrum which is not suitable for use by commercial services
  • In general these frequency allocations will cover areas of less than a 5 km radius
  • In some remote rural areas wider coverage using FM frequencies may be allowed
  • AM services may be allowed to cover a greater than 5 km radius
  • Ofcom may allow services to use more than one transmitter if technically efficient
coverage frequency availability25
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum
  • Ofcom will allocate spectrum which is not suitable for use by commercial services
  • In general these frequency allocations will cover areas of less than a 5 km radius
  • In some remote rural areas wider coverage using FM frequencies may be allowed
  • AM services may be allowed to cover a greater than 5 km radius
  • Ofcom may allow services to use more than one transmitter if technically efficient
  • BUT…..
coverage frequency availability26
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • There will not be enough frequency resources to license all applicants!
coverage frequency availability28
Coverage & Frequency Availability
  • So…
  • Ofcom will use statutory selection criteria to choose between competing groups…
licensing community stations30
Licensing Community Stations
  • In any event….
  • All Community Radio services need to meet the requirements of the Community Radio Order and other relevant broadcasting legislation.
licensing community stations31
Licensing Community Stations
  • In any event….
  • All Community Radio services need to meet the requirements of the Community Radio Order and other relevant broadcasting legislation.
  • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics:
licensing community stations32
Licensing Community Stations
  • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics:

(i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than for commercial reasons or to benefit those operating the service

licensing community stations33
Licensing Community Stations
  • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics:

(i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than for commercial reasons or to benefit those operating the service

(ii) Be aimed at a specific community or number of communities

licensing community stations34
Licensing Community Stations
  • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics:

(i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than to benefit those operating the service

(ii) Be aimed at a specific community or number of communities

(iii) Use any profits made to improve the service provided and deliver ‘social gain’

licensing community stations35
Licensing Community Stations
  • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics:

(i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than to benefit those operating the service

(ii) Be aimed at a specific community or number of communities

(iii) Use any profits made to improve the service provided and deliver ‘social gain’

(iv) Allow community members the opportunity to participate in the operation and management of the service

licensing community stations36
Licensing Community Stations

Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics:

(i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than to benefit those operating the service

(ii) Be aimed at a specific community or number of communities

(iii) Use any profits made to improve the service provided and deliver ‘social gain’

(iv) Allow community members the opportunity to participate in the operation and management of the service

(v) Be accountable to the target community

licensing community stations37
Licensing Community Stations
  • Ofcom has to take various statutory selection criteria into account when assessing applications:
licensing community stations38
Licensing Community Stations
  • Ofcom has to take various statutory selection criteria into account when

assessing applications:

(i) Maintaining the service

licensing community stations39
Licensing Community Stations
  • Ofcom has to take various statutory selection criteria into account when

assessing applications:

(i) Maintaining the service

(ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community

licensing community stations40
Licensing Community Stations
  • Ofcom has to take various statutory selection criteria into account when

assessing applications:

(i) Maintaining the service

(ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community

(iii) Broadening the range of local programming available and being distinct from other local (commercial) radio

licensing community stations41
Licensing Community Stations
  • Community Radio stations must meet various statutory selection criteria:

(i) Maintaining the service

(ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community

(iii) Extending the range of local programming available

(iv) Demonstrating demand for the service

licensing community stations42
Licensing Community Stations
  • Community Radio stations must meet various statutory selection criteria:

(i) Maintaining the service

(ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community

(iii) Extending the range of local programming available

(iv) Demonstrating demand for the service

(v) Extent of delivering ‘social gain’

licensing community stations43
Licensing Community Stations
  • Community Radio stations must meet various statutory selection criteria:

(i) Maintaining the service

(ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community

(iii) Extending the range of local programming available

(iv) Demonstrating demand for the service

(v) Extent of delivering ‘social gain’

(vi) Accountability provisions

licensing community stations44
Licensing Community Stations
  • Community Radio stations must meet various statutory selection criteria:

(i) Maintaining the service

(ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community

(iii) Extending the range of local programming available

(iv) Demonstrating demand for the service

(v) Extent of delivering ‘social gain’

(vi) Extent of accountability

(vii) Extent of access to facilities and of training provision

licensing restrictions
Licensing Restrictions
  • Ofcom has a general obligation to ensure that community radio services do not “prejudice unduly” the economic viability of existing local radio services
licensing restrictions46
Licensing Restrictions
  • Ofcom has a general obligation to ensure that community radio services do not “prejudice unduly” the economic viability of existing local radio services
  • In addition, the Community Radio Order 2004 includes two specific tiers of restrictions covering areas where small scale stations already exist
licensing restrictions47
Licensing Restrictions
  • Ofcom has a general obligation to ensure that community radio services to not “prejudice unduly” the economic viability of existing local radio services
  • In addition, the Community Radio Order 2004 includes two specific tiers of

restrictions covering areas where small scale stations already exist:

(i) Areas where the existing service broadcasts to a measured population of up to 50,000 adults (15+)

licensing restrictions48
Licensing Restrictions
  • Ofcom has a general obligation to ensure that community radio services to not “prejudice unduly” the economic viability of existing local radio services
  • In addition, the Community Radio Order 2004 includes two specific tiers of

restrictions covering areas where small scale stations already exist:

(i) Areas where an existing service broadcasts to a measured population of up to 50,000 adults (15+)

(ii) Areas where an existing service broadcasts to a measured population of between 50,001 and 150,000 adults (15+)

licensing restrictions49
Licensing Restrictions
  • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to fewer than 50,000 adults, the Community Radio Order does not permit Ofcom to license any Community Radio services.
licensing restrictions50
Licensing Restrictions
  • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to fewer than 50,000 adults, the Community Radio Order does not permit Ofcom to license any Community Radio services
  • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to an adult population of between 50,001 and 150,000, the Community Radio Order only allows Ofcom to license Community Radio services which do not broadcast paid for spot-advertising or sponsored programming
licensing restrictions51
Licensing Restrictions
  • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to fewer than 50,000 adults, the Community Radio Order does not permit Ofcom to license any Community Radio services
  • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to an adult population of between

50,001 and 150,000, the Community Radio Order only allows Ofcom to license Community Radio services which do not broadcast paid for spot-advertising or sponsored programming

  • However – these restrictions only apply where the overlap between the two services involved is greater than 50% (in population terms)
licensing restrictions52
Licensing Restrictions
  • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to fewer than 50,000 adults, the Community Radio Order does not permit Ofcom to license any Community Radio services
  • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to an adult population of between

50,001 and 150,000, the Community Radio Order only allows Ofcom to license Community Radio services which do not broadcast paid for spot-advertising or sponsored programming

  • However – these restrictions only apply where the overlap between the two

services involved is greater than 50% (in population terms)

  • Otherwise, Ofcom’s general duty to consider the economic impacts of licensing new services will apply just as in all other cases
this year s deadline
This Year’s Deadline!

Applications will only be considered once the application window has closed, so there is no advantage in applying early…

this year s deadline54
This Year’s Deadline!

Applications will only be considered once the application window has closed, so there is no advantage in applying early…

HOWEVER: Applications MUST be received by Ofcom nolater than 5.00PM on Tuesday 23rd November

this year s deadline55
This Year’s Deadline!

Applications will only be considered once the application window has closed, so there is no advantage in applying early…

HOWEVER: Applications MUST be received by Ofcom nolater than 5.00PM on Tuesday 23rd November

The application form can be downloaded from the Ofcom web-site, completed

and then e-mailed back to: [email protected]

this year s deadline56
This Year’s Deadline!

Applications will only be considered once the application window has closed, so there is no advantage in applying early…

HOWEVER: Applications MUST be received by Ofcom nolater than 5.00PM on Tuesday 23rd November

The application form can be downloaded from the Ofcom web-site, completed

and then e-mailed back to: [email protected]

The non-refundable application fee (£600:00) must also be received by this time…

this year s deadline57
This Year’s Deadline!

Applications will only be considered once the application window has closed, so there is no advantage in applying early…

HOWEVER: Applications MUST be received by Ofcom nolater than 5.00PM on Tuesday 23rd November

The application form can be downloaded from the Ofcom web-site, completed

and then e-mailed back to: [email protected]

The non-refundable application fee (£600:00) must also be received by this time…

Late applications will almost certainly be rejected!

more information
More Information
  • Notes of Guidance For Community Radio Licence Applicants
more information59
More Information
  • Notes of Guidance For Community Radio Licence Applicants
  • Notes to Help Complete the Community Radio Application Form
more information60
More Information
  • Notes of Guidance For Community Radio Licence Applicants
  • Notes to Help Complete the Community Radio Application Form
  • Ofcom’s Statement: Licensing Community Radio
more information61
More Information
  • Notes of Guidance For Community Radio Licence Applicants
  • Notes to Help Complete the Community Radio Application Form
  • Ofcom’s Statement: Licensing Community Radio
  • Each of which is available from Ofcom’s Website at:

www.ofcom.org.uk/licensing_numbering/radio_sound_broadcasting/community_radio

more information62
More Information
  • Notes of Guidance For Community Radio Licence Applicants
  • Notes to Help Complete the Community Radio Application Form
  • Ofcom’s Statement: Licensing Community Radio
  • Each of which is available from Ofcom’s Website at:

www.ofcom.org.uk/licensing_numbering/radio_sound_broadcasting/community_radio

  • Specific enquiries can be sent via e-mail to:

[email protected]

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