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ESSAY ERRORS. *Copy on Left (Cornell style) and SKIP LINES!!! 1. Sentences 2. Sentence Fragments 3. Correcting Fragments 4. Run-On Sentences 5. Fused Sentences 6. Comma Splices 7. Correcting Run-Ons * Only copy what is written in red. Most Common Errors.

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Essay errors
ESSAY ERRORS

*Copy on Left (Cornell style) and SKIP LINES!!!

  • 1. Sentences

  • 2. Sentence Fragments

  • 3. Correcting Fragments

  • 4. Run-On Sentences

  • 5. Fused Sentences

  • 6. Comma Splices

  • 7. Correcting Run-Ons

    * Only copy what is written in red


Most common errors
Most Common Errors

  • The sentence is AWKWARD (does not make sense; missing words; fragments; run-ons).

  • INCORRECT SPELLING

  • INCORRECT PUNCUATION

  • INCORRECT USE OF WORDS


Awkwardness let s look at some examples
AWKWARDNESSLet’s look at some examples.

  • I ain't got no VISA

  • I ain’t got no Red American Express

  • We can’t go nowhere exotic

  • It don’t matter ‘cause I’m the one that loves you best

  • Talk to me girl

  • Timbaland - The Way I Are Lyrics


Awkwardness let s look at some examples1
AWKWARDNESSLet’s look at some examples.

  • I Th-th-that that don't kill me

  • Can only make me stronger

  • I need you to hurry up now

  • Cause I can't wait much longer

  • I know I got to be right now

  • Cause I can't get much wronger

  • Man I been waitin' all night now

  • That's how long I've been on ya

  • Kanye West - Stronger Lyrics


Awkwardness let s look at some examples2
AWKWARDNESSLet’s look at some examples.

  • Then Watch Me Crank Dat Robocop

  • Super Fresh, Now Watch Me Jock

  • Jocking On Them Haterz Mayn

  • When I Do Dat Soulja Boy

  • I Lean To The Left And Crank Dat Thang

  • Soulja Boy - Crank Dat Soulja Boy Lyrics


Awkwardness let s look at some examples3
AWKWARDNESSLet’s look at some examples.

  • I need a credit card that's got no limit

  • And a big black jet with a bedroom in it

  • Gonna join the mile high club

  • At thirty-seven thousand feet--(Been there done that)—

  • Nickelback Rockstar Lyrics


Awkwardness let s look at some examples4
AWKWARDNESSLet’s look at some examples.

  • I don't wanna see another hurricane

  • Baby you can kill the pain

  • If you just let me explain

  • Trust me I know what I'm sayin'

  • You will end up on the track of an oncoming train

  • Stuck in the passenger seat

  • Tryin'a do the fast lane

  • Lil' Wayne Apologize (remix) Lyrics

    Featuring: Timbaland Lyrics


Awkwardness let s look at some examples5
AWKWARDNESSLet’s look at some examples.

  • Shawty Fly, Shawty Tight

  • Shoulda Stayed There All Night

  • With You (You) With You

  • I Missed Ya, Picked Ya

  • Now Its Time I

  • Get Back Up With You(You)Girl With You

  • Oh Yeah

  • We Used To Kick Up At The Park

  • Now She's All Grown Up

  • Rockin Them Stilettos

  • Jumpin up Out That Mercedes Truck

  • Dreams Shawty Is A Ten Lyrics


Awkwardness let s look at some examples6
AWKWARDNESSLet’s look at some examples.

  • Incompatible, it don't matter though

  • 'cos someone's bound to hear my cry

  • Speak out if you do

  • you're not easy to find

  • Natasha Bedingfield Soulmate Lyrics


AWKWARDNESS

Some Sentences are Awkward because they are run-ons or sentence fragments!


F un with fragments

Fun with Fragments

Exploring

Sentences and Sentence Fragments


1 sentences copy on left
1.Sentences(copy on left)

  • A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. COPY ON RIGHT

  • A sentence contains a subject and a verb. COPY ON RIGHT

  • EXAMPLE: Danattended the pep rally before the football game.


Sometimes part of the sentence may be missing
Sometimes part of the sentence may be missing.

  • Three little girls in the front row

    What’s missing?

  • Ran behind the blue couch

    What’s missing?

  • In the attic at the top of the stairs

    What’s missing?


When a group of words fails to tell us
When a group of words fails to tell us

  • Who or what did something (the subject),

  • What happened (the verb),

  • Or both (the subject and the verb),

    we have what is known as

    a sentence fragment.


2. Sentence FragmentCOPY ON LEFT

  • A sentence fragmentis only a piece of a sentence. COPY ON RIGHT

  • It does not express a complete thought. COPY ON RIGHT

  • It is missing the subject or verb. COPY ON RIGHT




Yes we need a subject
Yes, we need a subject.

The new girlsat behind me in science class.



Yes we need a verb
Yes, we need a verb.

The bag of groceries on the kitchen table goes to Grandmother's house.


After the rain stopped

What’s missing?


Yes we need a subject and a verb
Yes, we need a subject and a verb.

After the rain stopped, the childrenran outside to play.


Remember,

a sentence must tell you all you need to know to have a complete thought.


3 correcting fragments copy on left
3.Correcting Fragments COPY ON LEFT

  • Subjects or verbs can be added COPY ON RIGHT

  • Fragments can be joined togetherCOPY ON RIGHT

  • All of the following are correct

    • With his disposable lighter in his hand, he told everyone to get out of the way. Then he lit the fuse.

    • Pulling out his disposable lighter, Fred told everyone to get out of the way before he lit the fuse.

    • He pulled out his disposable lighter. Fred told everyone to get out of the way and then he lit the fuse.



4 run on sentences copy on left

  • Arun-on sentence is a sentence that contains two improperly joined sentences(independent clauses).

  • COPY ON RIGHT

4.Run-on Sentences COPY ON LEFT


4 two types of run on sentences
4.Two types of run-on sentences:

  • Fused Sentences

    COPY ON RIGHT

  • Comma Splices

    COPY ON RIGHT


5 fused sentences copy on left

5.Fused Sentences COPY ON LEFT

A Fused Sentence occurs when two sentences are joined without any punctuation. COPY ON RIGHT

Incorrect: Some students think they can study for an important exam by “cramming” all night they are probably wrong.


6 comma splices copy on left

6.Comma SplicesCOPY ON LEFT

A comma splice occurs when two sentences are joined with only a comma. COPY ON RIGHT

Incorrect: The teacher told the students to complete the section on comma splices, she also told them to compose a five-page essay.


7 four ways to correct run ons copy on left
7.Four Ways to Correct Run-ons COPY ON LEFT

  • 1. Use a period.COPY ON RIGHT

Miranda was the lead vocalist in her band it was a punk rock band.

Miranda was the lead vocalist in her band. It was a punk rock band.


7 2 use a semicolon copy on right

7.2. Use a Semicolon COPY ON RIGHT

Some students think they can study for an important exam by “cramming” all night they are probably wrong.

Some students think they can study for an important exam by “cramming” all night; they are probably wrong.


7 3 use a comma and a coordinating conjunction and but yet for or nor so copy on right

7.3. Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction(and, but, yet, for, or, nor, so) COPY ON RIGHT

First I Went to the grocery store then I went to the library.

First I went to grocery store, and then I went to the library.


7 4 add a subordinating conjunction or dependent word copy on right

7.4. Add a subordinating conjunction or dependent word. COPY ON RIGHT

Although Maria and John like skiing, Karen does not.

Maria and John like skiing Karen does not.

Some common subordinating conjunctions:

After, although, before, unless, as, because, even though, if, since, until, when, while.


Practice
Practice

  • Grammar Book Pages 25-26; 71-74


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