Mesopotamia. The Worlds First Civilization. What is a civilization?. Civilizations are complex societies. They have cities, organized governments, art, religion, class divisions, and a writing system. Mesopotamia. The land between two rivers. Mesopotamia.
Law 196: If a man puts out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out.
Law 199: If a man puts out the eye of a man’s slave, he shall pay one-half of its value.