Mesopotamia
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Mesopotamia. Geography. “Land b/t Rivers” Tigris & Euphrates Modern day Iraq Arid climate Very hot & dry, little rainfall Resources Lacked stone, timber, copper, tin, iron, gold Had water & mud = “gifts” Geography/Climate caused people have pessimistic attitude. Map Mesopotamia.

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Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia


Geography

Geography

  • “Land b/t Rivers”

    • Tigris & Euphrates

  • Modern day Iraq

  • Arid climate

    • Very hot & dry, little rainfall

  • Resources

    • Lacked stone, timber, copper, tin, iron, gold

    • Had water & mud = “gifts”

  • Geography/Climate caused people have pessimistic attitude


Map mesopotamia

Map Mesopotamia


Mesopotamia civilization

Mesopotamia Civilization

  • Sumer 1st civilization

    • 5000 BCE developed city states in Southern Mesopotamia

    • Invented wheel, buildings, irrigation systems, plow, bronze weapons, writing (cuneiform)

    • Important:

      • Each city state independent

      • City states fought o/ irrigable land & trading rights

    • Future leaders would try unite lands/people


Mesopotamian leaders

Mesopotamian Leaders

  • Akkad

    • Sargon the Great

  • Babylonia

    • Hammurabi

  • Assyria

    • Assurnasirpal

    • Sennacherib

    • Esarhaddon

    • Assurbanipal

  • Babylonia II

    • Nabopolassar

    • Nebuchsdnezzar


Kings from babylon to baghdad video questions

Kings: From Babylon to Baghdad Video Questions

  • How has geography played a role in the development of Mesopotamia?

  • What are the similarities/differences b/t ancient and modern Mesopotamian leaders?

  • How have the people been affected by the leaders of Mesopotamia (past and present)?


Mesopotamian society

Mesopotamian Society

Hammurabi Code Project


Hammurabi s code

Hammurabi’s Code

  • 282 percepts/laws

  • Dealt w/ social, family issues


The code project

The “Code” Project

  • Step #1:

    • Analyze Hammurabi’s Code

  • Step #2:

    • Read topic articles

  • Step #3

    • Use “Code” and “Readings” to answer Poster Questions

  • Step #4:

    • Create a Poster

  • Step #5:

    • Present Poster to class


Hammurabi code project

Hammurabi Code Project

  • Healthcare

  • Criminal Justice System

  • Family Life

  • Jobs

  • Slaves


Summarizing hammurabi s code

Summarizing Hammurabi’s Code

  • Was Hammurabi’s form of justice fair?

  • Were the laws appropriate for their time period?

  • Do you think these laws were actively followed and enforced?

  • Should laws promote punishment or reform?


Mesopotamian religion

Mesopotamian Religion


Gods goddesses demons monsters

Gods, Goddesses, Demons & Monsters

  • Polytheistic

    • Belief many gods

  • Anthropomorphic

    • Human-like characteristics

  • Had human emotions

    • Compassionate, cruel

  • Also envisioned darker powers (demons/monsters)


Demons and monsters

Demons and Monsters

Pazuzu

Lamashtu

Huwawa


The seven great gods and marduk

The Seven Great Gods and Marduk

  • An/Anu

    • Father of Gods; God of Sky

  • Enlil

    • God of Air

  • Utu/Shamash

    • Sun God; God of Truth and Justice

  • Nanna/Sin

    • Moon God

  • Inanna/Ishtar

    • Goddess of Love and War

  • Ninhursag

    • Mother Earth

  • Enki/Ea

    • God of Fresh Waters; God of Magic, Wisdom, Arts

  • Marduk

    • National God of Babylon


Ziggurat

Ziggurat

  • Tiered temple made of mud-bricks

  • Dwellings places of the gods

    • Each city-state had a patron god

  • Only priests permitted inside ziggurat


Priests and priestesses

Priests and Priestesses

  • In earliest days, King chief priest

  • Later professional priesthoods

  • Various duties:

    • Ritual slaughter animals

    • Interpret omens

    • Singing songs

    • Provide regular offerings of food and refreshments to deity


Sacred prostitution

Sacred Prostitution

  • Practice of women offering sex for pay on the sacred grounds of the Temple of Ishtar


Relationship with the gods

Relationship with the Gods

  • Participated public festivals

  • Tried to predict “heaven’s will”

  • Exorcism


Death and burial

Death and Burial


Life after death

“Life” After Death

  • No notion of an afterlife where the good were rewarded

  • Life after Death was dismal and bleak

    • “Land of No Return”

      What then was the incentive for living a pious life?


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