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Mesopotamia. Geography. “Land b/t Rivers” Tigris & Euphrates Modern day Iraq Arid climate Very hot & dry, little rainfall Resources Lacked stone, timber, copper, tin, iron, gold Had water & mud = “gifts” Geography/Climate caused people have pessimistic attitude. Map Mesopotamia.

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Presentation Transcript
geography
Geography
  • “Land b/t Rivers”
    • Tigris & Euphrates
  • Modern day Iraq
  • Arid climate
    • Very hot & dry, little rainfall
  • Resources
    • Lacked stone, timber, copper, tin, iron, gold
    • Had water & mud = “gifts”
  • Geography/Climate caused people have pessimistic attitude
mesopotamia civilization
Mesopotamia Civilization
  • Sumer 1st civilization
    • 5000 BCE developed city states in Southern Mesopotamia
    • Invented wheel, buildings, irrigation systems, plow, bronze weapons, writing (cuneiform)
    • Important:
      • Each city state independent
      • City states fought o/ irrigable land & trading rights
    • Future leaders would try unite lands/people
mesopotamian leaders
Mesopotamian Leaders
  • Akkad
    • Sargon the Great
  • Babylonia
    • Hammurabi
  • Assyria
    • Assurnasirpal
    • Sennacherib
    • Esarhaddon
    • Assurbanipal
  • Babylonia II
    • Nabopolassar
    • Nebuchsdnezzar
kings from babylon to baghdad video questions
Kings: From Babylon to Baghdad Video Questions
  • How has geography played a role in the development of Mesopotamia?
  • What are the similarities/differences b/t ancient and modern Mesopotamian leaders?
  • How have the people been affected by the leaders of Mesopotamia (past and present)?
mesopotamian society

Mesopotamian Society

Hammurabi Code Project

hammurabi s code
Hammurabi’s Code
  • 282 percepts/laws
  • Dealt w/ social, family issues
the code project
The “Code” Project
  • Step #1:
    • Analyze Hammurabi’s Code
  • Step #2:
    • Read topic articles
  • Step #3
    • Use “Code” and “Readings” to answer Poster Questions
  • Step #4:
    • Create a Poster
  • Step #5:
    • Present Poster to class
hammurabi code project
Hammurabi Code Project
  • Healthcare
  • Criminal Justice System
  • Family Life
  • Jobs
  • Slaves
summarizing hammurabi s code
Summarizing Hammurabi’s Code
  • Was Hammurabi’s form of justice fair?
  • Were the laws appropriate for their time period?
  • Do you think these laws were actively followed and enforced?
  • Should laws promote punishment or reform?
gods goddesses demons monsters
Gods, Goddesses, Demons & Monsters
  • Polytheistic
    • Belief many gods
  • Anthropomorphic
    • Human-like characteristics
  • Had human emotions
    • Compassionate, cruel
  • Also envisioned darker powers (demons/monsters)
demons and monsters
Demons and Monsters

Pazuzu

Lamashtu

Huwawa

the seven great gods and marduk
The Seven Great Gods and Marduk
  • An/Anu
    • Father of Gods; God of Sky
  • Enlil
    • God of Air
  • Utu/Shamash
    • Sun God; God of Truth and Justice
  • Nanna/Sin
    • Moon God
  • Inanna/Ishtar
    • Goddess of Love and War
  • Ninhursag
    • Mother Earth
  • Enki/Ea
    • God of Fresh Waters; God of Magic, Wisdom, Arts
  • Marduk
    • National God of Babylon
ziggurat
Ziggurat
  • Tiered temple made of mud-bricks
  • Dwellings places of the gods
    • Each city-state had a patron god
  • Only priests permitted inside ziggurat
priests and priestesses
Priests and Priestesses
  • In earliest days, King chief priest
  • Later professional priesthoods
  • Various duties:
    • Ritual slaughter animals
    • Interpret omens
    • Singing songs
    • Provide regular offerings of food and refreshments to deity
sacred prostitution
Sacred Prostitution
  • Practice of women offering sex for pay on the sacred grounds of the Temple of Ishtar
relationship with the gods
Relationship with the Gods
  • Participated public festivals
  • Tried to predict “heaven’s will”
  • Exorcism
life after death
“Life” After Death
  • No notion of an afterlife where the good were rewarded
  • Life after Death was dismal and bleak
    • “Land of No Return”

What then was the incentive for living a pious life?

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