Political Ideology

Political Ideology PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Ideology Defined. Ideology is a set of basic beliefs about life, culture, government, and society.A political ideology provides the framework for looking at government and public policy.. Ideology. Most Americans don't follow a strict ideology, but rather decide their position on an issue by issue basis.Inconsistency

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Political Ideology

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1. Political Ideology Notes

2. Ideology Defined Ideology is a set of basic beliefs about life, culture, government, and society. A political ideology provides the framework for looking at government and public policy.

3. Ideology Most Americans don’t follow a strict ideology, but rather decide their position on an issue by issue basis. Inconsistency – Many people might favor lower taxes AND better schools and services. Its never good to make generalizations about what a certain “group” thinks

4. Liberal – “Left-ist” A person with liberal ideology believes that the national government should be active in helping individuals and communities. Respect civil/individual liberties/rights. Every segment of society gets a fair deal. Traditionally viewed as the group that favors change and new ideas

5. Conservative – “Right-ist” A conservative believes the role of government in society should be very limited. Individuals should be responsible for their own well-being. Government should not solve social problems, but private institutions should. Traditionally viewed as the group that avoided change

6. Moderates Moderate’s opinions fall somewhere between liberal and conservative. 40% of Americans claim to be moderate.

7. Some Comparisons Death Penalty Liberals – against it Conservatives – for it Defense/Military Spending Liberals -- decrease or maintain amount Conservatives – increase amount Minimum Wage Liberals – increase it Conservative – lower or eliminate it

8. Radical – Far Left Believe society exploits people and want to drastically change society in order to change it. Example group – anarchists, Earth First

9. Reactionary – Far Right Strongly conservative Small minority of people Solve society’s problems by going back to an earlier time or use religious based solutions

10. Libertarians Center-Right side of spectrum Believe in a very small government whose role is limited to defense and resolving disputes Do not want any gov. involvement in economics or society

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