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MONOTHEISTIC AND POLYTHEISTIC REVIEW QUESTIONS. Explain the trail, death, and resurrection of Jesus? Charged with treason Crucified (hung on a cross) Resurrection (rose on the third day). Where did Hinduism originate and how did it diffuse throughout the world? In India

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MONOTHEISTIC AND

POLYTHEISTIC

REVIEW QUESTIONS


Explain the trail, death, and resurrection of Jesus?

  • Charged with treason

  • Crucified (hung on a cross)

  • Resurrection (rose on the third day)


Where did Hinduism originate and how did it diffuse throughout the world?

  • In India

  • In begin with the Aryan along with a combination of religious practice of the River Valley People


Where did Christianity originate and how did it diffuse throughout the world?

  • Jerusalem(present-day Israel)

  • Jesus preaching/teaching to the people and his disciplines


What was Hinduism religious writings called and describe religion?

  • Vedas/Upanishads written in Sanskrit)

  • 1st Polytheistic religion

  • Main Goal: Reaching Brahman


Who was the founder of Christianity and he was believed to be _ but not according to the Jews?

  • Jesus Christ

  • The Messiah


Explain Karma, Dharma, and Reincarnation in Hinduism? be _ but not according to the Jews?

  • Karma: (Consequences of how you life);Dharma: Do your duty;Reincarnation: Passing through many lives help you to reach Brahman.



How did the Ancient Indians religion (Hinduism) affect the social status of people?

  • The main goal in Hinduism is to reach Braham. To reach Braham, you must fulfill your duty which moves you up higher in the Caste System.


Who was the founder of Buddhism and why was it so popular? social status of people?

  • Siddhartha Gautama “Buddha “Enlightened One.”

  • Did not believe in the Caste System


What did Timbuktu (Africa City) and Taj Mahal (India) have to do with Islam?

  • Timbuktu was a Islam Learning center

  • Taj Mahal was constructed using Muslim Art.


What to do with Islam?do the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path in Buddhism deal with?

  • Four Noble Truths (Suffering)

  • Eight fold Path (What you must have to reach Nirvana)


Who was the founder of Judaism and what did Yahweh promise him?

  • Abraham

  • He made a covenant (agreement) with God that his descendants would receive the land of Canaan (promise land).


What was Christianity holy book called and describe religion?

  • The Bible (New testament)

  • Monotheistic religion

  • Jesus is the son of God

  • By accepting Jesus, one could gain salvation (forgiveness from sin)


Describe Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism? religion?

  • Theravada Buddhist saw Buddha as a teacher

  • Mahayana Buddhist saw Buddha as a God


In Judaism, how did the Ten Commandments come about and how did they affect the rest of the world?

  • God gave Moses to Ten Commandments to take back to the Hebrews (Jews).

  • Ten Commandments shaped moral laws of many nations.


Explain Reincarnation in Buddhism and How one reaches Nirvana?

  • You can stop being reborn when you follow the Eightfold Path

  • You reach Nirvana when you give up all worldly desires


What was Judaism holy book called and describe the religion? Nirvana?

  • Torah

  • 1st monotheistic religion

  • God’s chosen people

  • Messiah was coming


Who was the founder of Confucianism and what is collection of his sayings?

  • Confucius (#1 thinker)

  • Analects of Confucius


What was Islamic (Muslim) holy book called and describe religion?

  • Quran

  • Monotheistic religion

  • Muhammad was a prophet

  • Timbuktu: Islamic learning center in Africa



Explain each of the five Pillars of Faith: Belief; Prayer; Fasting; Charity; and Pilgrimage?

  • Belief: One God Allah/Muhammad prophet

  • Prayer: 5 times a day facing Mecca (Makkah)

  • Charity: Give to the poor

  • Fasting: No eating from dawn to dusk during Ramadan

  • Pilgrimage: Must visit Mecca (Makkah


Where did Fasting; Charity; and Pilgrimage?Confucianism originate and what did it teach?

  • China

  • Do your duty

  • Family and community

  • Golden Rule


Where did Islam originate and how did it diffuse throughout the world?

  • Arabian Peninsula (Middle East)

  • Trade and conquest of the Muslim


Where did the world?Daoism/Taoismoriginate and what did it teach?

  • China

  • Give up worldly desires

  • Return to nature


Where did Judaism originate and how did it diffuse throughout the world?

  • Middle East

  • It diffuse when the Jews were exiled and scattered throughout the world.


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