Logics local governments implementing conservation and sustainability
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LOGICS: Local Governments Implementing Conservation and Sustainability. Environmentally Preferable Purchasing. What is environmentally preferable purchasing?. EPP minimize harmful environmental impacts during production and use Environmentally preferable products: Prevent waste

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LOGICS: Local Governments Implementing Conservation and Sustainability

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LOGICS: Local Governments Implementing Conservation and Sustainability

Environmentally Preferable Purchasing

What is environmentally preferable purchasing?

EPP minimize harmful environmental impacts during production and use

Environmentally preferable products:

Prevent waste

Reduce toxicity

Reduce packaging materials

Reduce overall cost

Contain recycled and recyclable material

Conserve energy during production and use

Consider cradle-to-cradle life cycle analyses

Reduce total greenhouse gas emissions

Support local and regional economy

Why EPP?

Local government purchasing power

State and local government agencies spend over $900 billion per year buying goods and services

Why purchase environmentally preferable products?

Beneficial GLOBAL effects:

Decrease energy use, water use, material resource and land use during production

Reduce release, production and use of toxic substances and residuals

Reduce adverse impacts on natural lands of harvesting virgin materials

Producer cost-effectiveness

Beneficial PURCHASER effects:

  • Reduce potential exposure to toxic substances in everyday products

  • Purchaser cost-effectiveness

  • Increase reusability and durability of products purchased

  • Increased recycling opportunities

  • Attention to non-fiscal/social municipal responsibilities

Model EPP programs

Local government efforts

King County, Washington – EPP

Saved $640,000 in the past year


State efforts

Massachusetts – increased spending on EP products from $2 million to $34 million


Local EPP opportunities and resources

PA League of Cities & Municipalities

Local Public Procurement Program (L3P)

PA Public Purchasing Association (PAPPA)

PA Department of General Services

COSTARS - cooperative purchasing

Berks County Cooperative Purchasing Council (BCCPC)

Online resources for EPP information

EPA’s database of EPP products and brand information


Local Government Environmental Assistance Network’s list of common EPP alternatives


Green Seal’s list of environmentally certified products and services


Energy Star for Local Governments


Delaware State Buy Recycled Guide


Online resources for EPP information

EPA EPP case studies


National Association of Counties – Free EPP Starter Kit


Energy Star quantity quotes for bulk procurement


Sustainable Business Network of Philadelphia


Pennsylvania DEP recycled products guide


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