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Brazilian Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management. Organizational and Institutional issues for Geospatial Implementation. Luiz Paulo Souto Fortes, PhD Directorate of Geosciences Taller Regional Sobre Cartografía Censal con Miras a la Ronda de Censos 2010 en Latinoamérica

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Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

Brazilian Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management

Organizational and Institutional issues for Geospatial Implementation

Luiz Paulo Souto Fortes, PhD

DirectorateofGeosciences

Taller Regional Sobre CartografíaCensal

con Miras a la Ronda de Censos 2010 enLatinoamérica

Santiago, Chile, 24-27 de Noviembre, 2008


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

Status of Spatial Data Infrastructure Construction in Brazil

... from institutional and policy points of view

Contents

  • Introduction

  • Spatial Data Infrastructure – SDI

  • SDI in other countries and in South America

  • National Commission of Cartography (CONCAR)

  • CONCAR Strategic Planning – Mission and Vision of the Future

  • CONCAR Actions Towards NSDI Construction

  • Proposal of Presidential Decree

  • IBGE Actions in Preparing Geospatial Data for NSDI

  • Final remarks


Us department of labor 2007 survey

US Department of Labor: 2007 Survey

Over 60% of all information used by the public sector around the world can be georreferenced

Today's decision makers are aware of the importance of geospatial information  strong demand

 how to supply them?

The three 21st century mega-technologies and

most important emerging and evolving fields

Biotechnology

Geotechnology

Nanotechnology


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

National Spatial Data Infrastructure - NSDI

Technological advances  redefinition of how to make cartography integrating data and information  optimizing resources  attending the demands !!

Policies, laws, rules, standards, agreements, plans, programs, projects, human, technological and financialresources, appropriately integrated, to facilitate the production, access and use of governmentalgeospatial data, on behalf of the country's development.


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

NSDI Components

NSDI

POLICY

- Institucional deals

  • Detecting duplication of production (GI)‏

  • Identifying roles, data production and possession (GI)‏

  • Elaborate fundamental data sharing programe (GI)‏

DATA

-Definition of similar fundamental and thematic data (IG)

  • Certifying and compatibilization

  • Integration and Divulgation

TECHNOLOGIC

- Protocols and interfaces for comunication and search

-Server networks

-Service (Geo)‏

STANDARDS

-Metadata

-Data exchange

HUMAN RESOURCES

-Capacitation

-Leveling knowledge

-Technical and managerial

LEGAL

- Legal marks

  • Institutional mandate

  • Legal and authoral rights

  • Rules and legislation, costs and trade


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

Why NSDI?

Access and data sharing, Interoperability, Local management, Portability. Build once, use many times

Thematic data

Reference data

Security

Settlement

Demography

Transportation

Flooding areas

Hidrography

Logistic

Boundaries

Economy

Geodesic control

Pedology

Altimetry/elevation

Natural resources

Imaging

Environment


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

Geodesy

Cartography

Territorial

Boundaries

Geography

Natural

Research

Statistics

Geospatial information layers


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

SDI Portugal


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

SDI Spain


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

SDI Europe


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

SDI Canada


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

SDI Colombia


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

SDI Argentina


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

National Commission of Cartography - CONCAR

Subordinated to the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management

Established in 1967 !

Attributions (update by the Decree of August 01, 2008)

  • Support the Minister on the supervision of the National Cartographic System

  • Coordinate the execution of the National Cartographic Policy


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

CONCAR Strategic Planning (2005)‏

Mission

To coordinate and to guide the establishment and the implementation of the National Cartographic Policyand the maintenance of the National Cartographic System, aiming to organize the acquisition, production and distribution ofgeospatial informationfor the Brazilian society

Vision of the Future

CONCAR being acknowledged by the Brazilian society and capable of providing a National Cartographic System of excellence and able to deliver an updated and integrated National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)‏


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

CONCAR

EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT

SPECIALIZED COMMITTEES

SUBCOMISSION OF LAWS AND STANDARDS - SLN

SUBCOMISSION OF PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION FOLLOW-UP - SPA

SUBCOMISSION OF PUBLICITY - SDI

SUBCOMISSION OF NATIONAL DEFENSE AFFAIRS - SDN

SUBCOMISSION OF SPATIAL DATA - SDE

CONCAR President – Secretary of Planning and Investments of the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management - SPI

Executive Secretariat – Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

  • SIRGAS is a continental geocentric, modern, precise reference frame, compatible with the GNSS systems

  • Development of studies towards the standardization of cadastral mapping, of geospatial metadata and of structuring the National Cartographic Database (NCD/MND)‏

  • Approval of the first (2005) and second (2007) versions of technical specification for structuring geospatial vector data of NCD/MND

CONCAR Actions towards NSDI Construction

1/2

  • Actions restarted on October 2003

  • Approval of the change in legislation that allowed the official adoption of the new SIRGAS2000 Geodetic Reference Frame on February 25, 2005 (based on Presidential Decree nr 5.334 of Jan 2005)


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

  • Proposition of a Presidential Decree on the establishment of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) of Brazil, obligating Federal agencies to share their geospatial data and metadata

CONCAR Actions towards NSDI Construction

2/2

  • Change of CONCARmembership (representatives from state governments, ministries and others). August 1st 2008 Decree.


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

Proposal of Presidential Decree (1/2)

  • To establish NSDI in Brazil

  • To establish the “Geographic Information System of Brazil– SIG Brasil” as the main node for acessing data, its metadata and related services. IBGEis responsible for planning, managing and operatingSIG Brasil

  • To ensure the compatibility with standards and specifications approved by CONCAR

  • To ensure the accordance with the Interoperability Standards of the Electronic Government (e-PING)

  • To promote the sharing, distribution and use of geospatial data

  • To avoid duplication of actions and the waste of resources by public administration organizations when obtaining geospatial data


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

Proposal of Presidential Decree (2/2)

  • In 180 days after the Decree is published, an Action Plan for implementing NSDI has to be prepared by CONCAR, including:

    • Deadlinefor implementing the physical and logical structures of the Brazilian Directory of Geospatial Data and of SIG Brazil

    • Deadlinefor CONCAR’s approval of standards and specifications of the geospatial metadata (LAMP being considered)‏

    • Deadlinefor agencies and organizations of the Federal Administration to make their geospatial metadata, stored on a server under their responsibility, available to CONCAR

    • Deadlinefor starting the release of geospatial metadata and related services by SIG Brasil

    • Rules for releasing metadata of new projects

    • Financial resources needed for establishing NSDI


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

IBGE actions for building NSDI

IBGE is preparing the geospatial data to contribute to NSDI

  • Update and converting to NCD of continuous digital 1:1,000,000 and 1:250,000 scales geospatial data being contracted for the entire country (up to 18 months work)‏

  • Update and conversion to NCD of larger scale maps (1:100,000, 1:50,000, 1:25,000), when appropriate

  • At the same time, compose a catalogue of satellite imagery with resolution between 2.5 and 100 m of the entire country

    • IBGE exclusively distributes ALOS satellite images for non-commercial users in Brazil

Note: The census maps that will be prepared to the Census 2010, with intensive use of satellite imagery,

will be a rich collection for the construction of SDI


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

2007 Census

Use of PDA

  • Quality control at the time of survey

  • Real time monitoring of the collecting data in all municipalities

  • Georreferencing of rural establishments (farms, schools, health centers, etc.), as PDA is equipped by GPS

    • Over 70,000maps of census enumeration areas converted to SIRGAS2000

    • In 2010 there will be over 280,000census enumeration areas


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

ALOS Images


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

ALOS Images


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

ALOS Images


Alos advanced land observing satellite

Data transmission antenna

Star Tracker

PALSAR

GPS Antena

8,9m

Solar Array

AVNIR-2

22m

PRISM

Flight direction

Earth

ALOS - Advanced Land Observing Satellite

PALSAR: Phased Array Type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (10 to 100 m)

PRISM: Panchromatic Remote Sensing Instruments for Stereo Mapping (2.5 m)

AVNIR-2: Advanced Visible and Near Infrared Radiometer Type 2 (10 m)


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

NSDI

Policies

....................

Geoportal

NCD

........................................

Specifications

Metadata

Data

Committee on the National Cartographic Database (NCD) Structure

Technical Specifications for the vector geospatial data structure v2.0

(ET-EDGV v2.0)

CONCAR Resolution 001/2007

http://www.concar.ibge.gov.br/


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

Final Remarks

  • Integrating statistical data into NSDI opens new horizons, based on the possibility of correlating this data with all other data layers, like the ones related to natural resources and the environment

  • The new web based technologies allow NSOs to produce Census Mapping in a full digital way, integrating maps, enumeration areas boundaries graphic and text files, and addresses file

  • The current availability of low cost high resolution orbital and aerial imagery can help updating the Census Maps

  • The NSOs efforts need to comply with NSDI, which is achievable by following the SDI National Authority Standards – many of which should adhere to the Open Geospatial Consortium standards; by doing this, all geospatial information generated in Census Mapping can be made available through the NSDI


Organizational and institutional issues for geospatial implementation

Our Mission:

To portrait Brazil with information necessary to the knowledge of its reality and the exercise of citizenship.

www.ibge.gov.br

Luiz Paulo Souto Fortes

Directorate of Geosciences

[email protected]

www.concar.ibge.gov.br


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