James Joyce (1882-1941). James Joyce: Introduction. James Joyce is one of the most innovative novelists of the 20 th century and one of the great masters of “the stream of consciousness”. a leading modernist, and one of the greatest innovators in the English language.
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a leading modernist, and one of the greatest innovators in the English language.
Irish novelist and poet
born in 1882 in Dublin, the son of a poverty-stricken civil servant.
In 1898, studied in Dublin’s University College
and graduated in 1902
Raised in the Roman Catholic faith, he broke with the church while he was in college
In 1904 he left Dublin with Nora Barnacle, a chambermaid whom he eventually married. They and their two children lived in Trieste, Italy, in Paris, and in Zürich, Switzerland, meagerly supported by Joyce\'s jobs as a language instructor and by gifts from patrons. After 20 years in Paris, early in World War II, when the Germans invaded France, Joyce moved to Zürich, where he died on January 13, 1941
Although all set in Dublin and focused upon the themes of death, disease and paralysis throughout, Dubliners is a collection of short stories only interconnected by symbols and moods. They are not as bleak as their themes suggest, at least not in all cases, and are often heartening in their subtle evocations ofexperience common to all.
These stories contain no melodramatic conflict; instead , they present those quiet moments in the characters’ lives when they come to a sudden realization of the meaning of their existence (anepiphany).
In Dubliners, James Joyce made use of epiphany to show the complex emotion. At the end of the stories, the heroes suddenly understood their predicament（窘境）, and then realized the essence of life.
"Araby\'\' is one of fifteen short stories that together make up James Joyce\'s collection, Dubliners. It is the last story of the first set, and is told from the perspective of a boy just on the verge of adolescence. The story takes its title from a real festival which came to Dublin in 1894 when Joyce was twelve years old.
Araby is a story about a boy who wants to buy something for the angel in his heart . He looks forward to the coming of the bazaar.Unfortunately he misses the time for lack of money.He stands in the hall facing the brilliantly-light when he suddenly realizes he himself is only a pitiful creature.
The former tenant of our house, a priest , had died in the back drawing-room.
I like the last best because its leaves were yellow.
The wild garden behind the house contained a central apple—tree and a few straggling bushes .
To the back doors of the dark dripping gardens where odors arose from the ashpits, to the dark odorous stables where a coachman smoothed and combed the horse or shook music from the buckled harness
Or if Mangan’s sister came out on the doorstep to call her brother in to his tea we watch her from our shadow peer up and down the street.
She was waiting for us, her figure defined by the light from the half-opened door.I stood by the railings looking at her. Her dress swung as she moved her body and the soft rope of her hair tossed from side to side
What kind of environment the boy is in?
Joyce used no descriptive language to express his adoration to Mangan’s sister
true-life , but also can realize the
writer’s sympathy to this poor boy.
Standing there , the young boy saw a young lady was flirting with two young men. This is very important to the change of the boy’s realization.--O,I never said such a thing! --O,but you did!--O,but I didn’t!--Didn’t she say that?--Yes,I heard her.--O,there’s a…fib!
Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity；and my eyes burned with anguish and anger.
Before now, he always had a dream that he would go to the Araby and buy a present for his loved girl, but the reality broke him up again. He felt so puzzled. At the same time, we can see through his eyes that he woke his spirit up and knew clearly his foolish behavior.