“ Eveline ” and “ The Dead ” from James Joyce ’ s Dubliners. Presented By Amanda Kang Eliza Young Rebecca Tsai Tina Hsu. James Joyce (1882-1941) . James Joyce was born in Dublin, on February 2, 1882. Early age, Joyce regarded himself as a rebel.
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“Eveline” and “The Dead”from James Joyce’s Dubliners
James Joyce’s work
1. childhood: The Sisters, An Encounter
2. adolescence: Eveline, After the Race, Two Gallants and The Boarding House.
3. maturity: A Little Cloud, Counterparts, Clay and A Painful Case.
4. public life: Ivy Day in the Committee Room, A Mother and Grace
5. The Dead
James Joyce 1904
James Joyce Grave, Fluntern Cemetery
A bust of James Joyce in St. Stephen's Green in Dublin ↓
A new statue of James Joyce, an honorary citizen of Trieste, was unveiled on Oct 19, 2004.
-- A collection of 15 short stories
-- The process of a person’s growth
- children the old
- individual social life
- dream disappointment, despair
happiness and one’s responsibility
- sense of duty/ obedient/ paralysis
- Her father -- violent - her fear
-Her mother -- conservative - her duty
-- her unknown future
1. The window
The Prison of a poor family enclosing Eveline. (par. 1)
2. The fading streetlights
The Hopelessness of her life (par. 1)
3. The Dust, old house,/ the old or lightless life . (par. 3)
4. The mother’s words/the Past she cannot get rid of; she cannot forget her mother’s poor fate. (P.35 par.2)
5. drunk father, / the daily pain from her father annoys her. (P.33 par.2)
6. brothers and sisters and keeping the house / the responsibility she has to bear. (P.33 from the bottom, line 3)
7. The deathof her beloved people: the deaths of her mother and her brother Ernest, and of a girlhood friend named Tizzie Dunn.
The Fear-- she is afraid to accept the truth because it makes her feel isolated, lonely without their accompany. (par. 2)
8. The Death of herself
“he would drown her,” She's too scared to leave Ireland, and thus sees her lover as a possible source of danger. (p. 34, the 1st new par.)
water as the practical method of escape and rejuvenation, for Eveline; also means the possibilities of a new life (P.35, the last line).But she is afraid to face her unknown fate.
The adult world of desire, longing, fulfillment, and heartbreak makes her afraid.
I. The dead living vs. The living dead
A. Gabriel Conroy VS. Michael Furey(p.2267)
B.The traditional customs VS. The guests’ negligence (p.2247)
II. Irish (Dubliners’) attitude toward:
A. Recognition of identity--- Detachment
Most of Irish people did not recognize themselves as Irish but admire the culture of European. In “The Dead”, Gabriel represents the typical of Irish people.(P.2243 and 2248)
B. Relationships between people--- Insincerity
＊ Those evidences show that even though the guests participate the party, they usually only care about their own affairs. People often don’t listen to other’s talking carefully. Sometimes, they will interrupt other’s talking or turn to precede other activity when people haven’t finished their words yet.
III. Gabriel’s epiphany (self-awareness)
-Lily- a careful housemaid
-Aunt Kate/ Aunt Julia- mistresses of the party and Gabriel’s aunts.
-Mary Jane- also a mistress of the family and lives with her aunts.
-Gretta- Gabriel’s wife/ loved countryside.
-Miss Ivors- “was a frank-mannered talkative young lady, …” (P. 2247)
-Bartell D’Arcy- a tenor/ a key person of the story.
-Mr. Browne- a guest/ show off/ doesn’t want to be ignored. (P. 2245)
-Michael Furey- Gretta’s first lover and died when he was only seventeen. (P. 2266)
-Gabriel Conroy was an egotist at the beginning of the story.
-After some serious assaults, Gabriel has an illumination about himself, his life and the relations with others. An epiphany is then achieved.
1. Lily’s bitter manner. (P2241)
2. Miss Ivors thought he was a “ West Briton!” (P2249)
3. Gretta was thinking of her dead first lover. He just realized that she didn’t put him at the center of her universe and he felt hurt.
Dead heart ←→ Living body
pure as an angel ←→ Morally impure,evil idea
Rebirth of soul←→Corruption of soul
living ←→ dead
east ←→ west inside ←→ outside light ←→ darkness
warmth ←→ cold
present ←→ pastspeech ←→ music
1. Gabriel’s fear of nature, his artificiality, and his un-Irish attitudes (P. 2243 in the middle)
2. The snow / an upcoming change in Gabriel, a desireto get away from being dead in life. (P.2250 par. 1)
3.The falling snow / heaven or deathpeople will achieve in the end of life. “… the snow falling faintly through the universe and faintly fallinglike the descent of their last end, upon all the living and the dead." (P.2268 the last par.)