Demography of the Middle East
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 20

Demography of the Middle East PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 98 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Demography of the Middle East. John Bongaarts Population Council. Middle East Region. Outline. Population growth and consequences Age structure changes: youth “bulge”, labor force growth Why population growth continues Population policy options. Adverse Effects of Rapid Population Growth.

Download Presentation

Demography of the Middle East

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Demography of the middle east

Demography of the Middle East

John Bongaarts

Population Council


Demography of the middle east

Middle East Region


Demography of the middle east

Outline

  • Population growth and consequences

  • Age structure changes: youth “bulge”, labor force growth

  • Why population growth continues

  • Population policy options


Adverse effects of rapid population growth

Adverse Effects of Rapid Population Growth

• Environmental:

Degradation of natural resources (land, water), pollution

• Economic:

Low wages, poverty, slow growth

• Governmental:

Lagging investment in education, health services and infrastructure

• Political

Growth of political extremism and anti-Western sentiments


Demography of the middle east

2) Age structure changes:

youth “bulge”, labor force growth


Demography of the middle east

3)Why population growth continues


Demography of the middle east

Why population growth continues

in the developing world

  • Fertility remains relatively high

  • Declining mortality

  • Population momentum due to a young age structure


Demography of the middle east

4) Population policy options


Demography of the middle east

Past response to concern about population growth

Implement family planning programs to:

  • Provide access to and information about contraception

  • Reduce unmet need for contraception


Demography of the middle east

Causes of growth

Policy options

1) High fertility

- Unwanted

  • Strengthen family planning programs

- Wanted

  • Invest in human capital

2) Declining mortality

3) Momentum of

population growth

  • Delay childbearing


Demography of the middle east

Conclusions

  • ME population is expected to double by 2050

  • Substantial environmental, economic and political consequences

  • Policy options available:

    - strengthen family planning programs

    - invest in human capital

    - address needs of the young


  • Login