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The Middle East - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Lesson 1: Geography & People. The Middle East. Identify importance of the region. Describe diversity of Middle Eastern peoples. Locate key nations, waterways, and land forms in the Middle East. Objectives. Warm Up: The Middle East. Why is the Middle East called the Middle East?.

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objectives

Identify importance of the region.

  • Describe diversity of Middle Eastern peoples.
  • Locate key nations, waterways, and land forms in the Middle East
Objectives
warm up the middle east
Warm Up: The Middle East
  • Why is the Middle East called the Middle East?
land climate
Land & Climate
  • Where is the Middle East?
    • Arabian Peninsula, SW Asia, North Africa
  • Regions
    • Northern Tier
    • Arabian Peninsula
    • Fertile Crescent
    • Nile Valley
    • Maghreb
land climate1
Land & Climate
  • Key Features
    • Deserts (Sahara, Rub ’al Khali)
    • Mountain Ranges (Atlas, Zagros & Elburz)
    • Rivers (Tigris & Euphrates, Nile)
    • Little rainfall – seasonal “wadis” erode topsoil – poor agriculture
  • Resources
    • Oil (60%) – OPEC
      • uneven distribution of wealth
    • Salt, copper, phosphate
importance of location
Importance of location
  • Strategic Location
  • Vital Waterways
  • Valuable Oil Resources
  • Religious Sites
diversity of peoples
Diversity of Peoples
  • Historical Diffusion
    • Traders, conquerors, nomads cross ME
    • Spread/share ideas
  • Today 19 countries, 350m ppl!
    • Ethnic Diversity
    • Religious Diversity
map activity
MAP Activity
  • USE Books or Phones
  • Countries
  • Special Territories
  • Waterways
  • Deserts
  • Mountains
  • Cities
closure
Closure
  • Why is it important we study this region?
  • Strategic Importance
  • Economic Interests
  • Religious Diversity
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