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Conjunctions. A Conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words. Different kinds of conjunctions have different jobs. There are three main types of conjunctions : Coordinating Conjunctions, Correlative Conjunctions, and Subordinating Conjunctions.

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Conjunctions
Conjunctions

  • A Conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words.

  • Different kinds of conjunctions have different jobs.

  • There are three main types of conjunctions:

    • Coordinating Conjunctions,

    • Correlative Conjunctions,

    • and Subordinating Conjunctions.


Coordinating conjunctions
Coordinating Conjunctions

  • Coordinating conjunctions can join single words or groups of words. They always connect items of the same kind.

    • Guards and forwards (two nouns)

    • On land or at sea (two prepositional phrases)

    • Judy wrote the number down, but she lost it (two complete ideas)


Coordinating conjunctions1
Coordinating Conjunctions

  • The words that are being connected by a coordinating conjunction can be subjects, objects, predicates, or any other sentence part, so long as they are the same thing.

  • Some common coordinating conjunctions are: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS)


Coordinating conjunctions2
Coordinating Conjunctions

  • “and” connects similar things and ideas

  • “but” + “yet” connect contrasting things and ideas

  • “or” + “nor” introduce a choice


Coordinating conjunctions3
Coordinating Conjunctions

  • Meriwether Lewis and John Clark led an expedition to the West.

  • The United States owned the Louisiana Territory but knew little about it.

  • No one had followed the Missouri or the Columbia rivers to their source.


Correlative conjunctions
Correlative Conjunctions

  • Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that connect words used in the same way.

  • Common ones are: both/and, either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also, whether/or

    • Both Lewis and Clark had served in the U.S. Army.


Correlative conjunctions1
Correlative Conjunctions

  • Like the coordinating conjunction, correlative conjunctions also connect items of the same kind. However, unlike coordinating conjunctions, the correlative conjunctions are ALWAYS used in pairs.


Correlative conjunctions2
Correlative Conjunctions

  • Both Roberto Duran and Marvin Hagler were exceptional boxers.

  • We want to go not only to Kathmandu but also to Pokhara.

  • Either we will succeed this time, or we will try again.


Practice e c oops direction change
Practice (E.C.)OOPS: DIRECTION CHANGE

  • SINGLE UNDERLINE COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS (FANBOYS)

  • DOUBLE UNDERLINE CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS (THE ONES THAT WORK IN PAIRS)


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