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Conjunctions. A Conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words. Different kinds of conjunctions have different jobs. There are three main types of conjunctions : Coordinating Conjunctions, Correlative Conjunctions, and Subordinating Conjunctions.

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conjunctions
Conjunctions
  • A Conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words.
  • Different kinds of conjunctions have different jobs.
  • There are three main types of conjunctions:
    • Coordinating Conjunctions,
    • Correlative Conjunctions,
    • and Subordinating Conjunctions.
coordinating conjunctions
Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Coordinating conjunctions can join single words or groups of words. They always connect items of the same kind.
    • Guards and forwards (two nouns)
    • On land or at sea (two prepositional phrases)
    • Judy wrote the number down, but she lost it (two complete ideas)
coordinating conjunctions1
Coordinating Conjunctions
  • The words that are being connected by a coordinating conjunction can be subjects, objects, predicates, or any other sentence part, so long as they are the same thing.
  • Some common coordinating conjunctions are: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS)
coordinating conjunctions2
Coordinating Conjunctions
  • “and” connects similar things and ideas
  • “but” + “yet” connect contrasting things and ideas
  • “or” + “nor” introduce a choice
coordinating conjunctions3
Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Meriwether Lewis and John Clark led an expedition to the West.
  • The United States owned the Louisiana Territory but knew little about it.
  • No one had followed the Missouri or the Columbia rivers to their source.
correlative conjunctions
Correlative Conjunctions
  • Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that connect words used in the same way.
  • Common ones are: both/and, either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also, whether/or
    • Both Lewis and Clark had served in the U.S. Army.
correlative conjunctions1
Correlative Conjunctions
  • Like the coordinating conjunction, correlative conjunctions also connect items of the same kind. However, unlike coordinating conjunctions, the correlative conjunctions are ALWAYS used in pairs.
correlative conjunctions2
Correlative Conjunctions
  • Both Roberto Duran and Marvin Hagler were exceptional boxers.
  • We want to go not only to Kathmandu but also to Pokhara.
  • Either we will succeed this time, or we will try again.
practice e c oops direction change
Practice (E.C.)OOPS: DIRECTION CHANGE
  • SINGLE UNDERLINE COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS (FANBOYS)
  • DOUBLE UNDERLINE CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS (THE ONES THAT WORK IN PAIRS)
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