Relaxation of Sheared Magnetic fields
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Relaxation of Sheared Magnetic fields — a Process of Contraction. Events List. The M1.2 flare of 2002-04-15 (Sui and Holman 2003) The M2.1 flare of 2002-09-09 (Ji, Wang, and Goode et al. 2004) The X3.1 flare of 2002-08-24 (Li and Gan 2005)

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Relaxation of Sheared Magnetic fields — a Process of Contraction

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Relaxation of Sheared Magnetic fields

— a Process of Contraction


Events List

  • The M1.2 flare of 2002-04-15 (Sui and Holman 2003)

  • The M2.1 flare of 2002-09-09 (Ji, Wang, and Goode et al. 2004)

  • The X3.1 flare of 2002-08-24 (Li and Gan 2005)

  • The X3.9 flare of 2003-11-03 (Veronig, Karlicky, and Vrsnak et al. 2006)

  • The M1.2 flare of 2004-11-01 (Ji, Huang, and Wang et al. 2006)

  • The M6.8 flare of 2003-06-13 (Ji, Huang, and Wang 2007)

  • The X10 flare of 2003-10-29 (Zhou, Ji and Huang 2006)

  • The M5.7 flare of 2002-03-14 (Zhou, Ji and Huang 2006)

  • The M1.0 flare of 2002-07-26 (Ji & Wang 2007)


The M1.2 flare of 2002-04-15: Motion of looptop sources

10-25 keV

  • in the early phase of the flares, the looptop sources moves down

  • Velocity ~ tens of kilometers per second

2002/04/15


The M2.1 flare of 2002-09-09:

Motion of looptop sources and flare kernels


The X3.1 flare of 2002-08-24: shrinkage of flaring loops


The M3.9 flare of 2003-11-03: Motion of looptop sources


Flare shear


The M1.2 flare of 2004-11-01:

Motion of looptop sources and flare kernels – Unshear motion

03:19:08 – 03:19:20

03:18:44 – 03:18:56


The M1.2 flare of 2004-11-01:

Motion of looptop sources and flare kernels – Unshear motion


The M6.8 flare of 2003-06-17:

Motion of looptop sources, EUV flaring loops and flare kernels

– Unshear motion


The M6.8 flare of 2003-06-17:

Motion of looptop sources, EUV flaring loops and flare kernels

– Unshear motion


The M6.8 flare of 2003-06-17:

Motion of looptop sources, EUV flaring loops and flare kernels

– Unshear motion


The flare of 2002-03-14 – unshear motion


The flare of 2002-03-14 – unshear motion


The flare of 2002-03-14


The flare of 2003-10-29


The flare of 2003-10-29


Expansion of flaring loops

  • ☆ outward motion of conjugate flaring kernels

  • ☆ expansion of flaring loops (radio, EUV)

  • ☆ upward motion of HXR looptop sources

  • Contraction of flaring loops

    • ☆ inward motion of conjugate flaring kernels

    • ☆ shrinkage of flaring loops (radio, EUV)

  • ☆ descending of HXR looptop sources

  • Unshear motion during contraction and expansion!


    Interpretation of Loop Contraction

    10-25 keV

    • 1. Current sheet formation (Sui & Holman 2003, Sui et al. 2004)

    • 2. Magnetic shrinkage

    • (Acton & Forbes1996, Lin 2004)

    • 3. Collapsing magnetic trap (Veronig et al. 2005)

    • 4. Magnetic Implosion

    • (Hudson 2000)

    reduced


    Our interpretation (ApJ, 2007)

    Modifying effect caused by

    Mapping effect

    from

    the Photosphere


    Unshear rate and HXR spikes

    The M1.0 flare of

    2002-07-26


    What I am doing

    ★ A statistical study using old BBSO H-alpha data to study the contracting motion

    ★ A statistical study using HXR data to study the contracting motion

    ★ Analyzing the change of flare shear, and its relationship

    with magnetic shear using more events.

    ★ The correlation between the unshear rate with HXR spikes.

    ★ Verifying the analytical model from existing flare data.

    ★ ….


    e.g.

    We can estimate the energy releasing rate of a flare

    an integral over flaring region

    estimated by the contraction motion

    Proportional to the GOES magnitude


    The M1.1 flare

    The M6.7 flare


    e.g.

    What is the physical meaning of flare shear?


    THANKS!


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