Word choice commonly confused words spelling
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Word Choice, Commonly Confused Words, & Spelling PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Word Choice, Commonly Confused Words, & Spelling. Brenham Writing Room Created by D. Herring. Word Choice Problems. There are four common word choice problems: Vague and Abstract Words Wordy & Redundant Language Clichés Slang. 1. Vague and abstract words.

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Word Choice, Commonly Confused Words, & Spelling

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Word choice commonly confused words spelling

Word Choice, Commonly Confused Words, & Spelling

Brenham Writing Room

Created by D. Herring


Word choice problems

Word Choice Problems

  • There are four common word choice problems:

    • Vague and Abstract Words

    • Wordy & Redundant Language

    • Clichés

    • Slang


1 vague and abstract words

1. Vague and abstract words

  • Vague and abstract words are too general. They don’t provide readers with a clear idea of your meaning.

    • That was a good movie.

    • I felt bad when I woke up.

    • The dog is small.

    • Sally won a lot of money at the casino.


Vague and abstract words cont

Vague and abstract words cont.

  • Try to replace vague and abstract words with concrete words or specific words.

    • A concrete word names something that can be seen, heard, felt, tasted, or smelled.

      • The movie had many plot twists.

      • I was running a fever when I woke up.

    • A specific word names a particular individual or quality.

      • The dog weighs only three pounds.

      • Sally won five-thousand dollars at the casino.


2 wordy and redundant language

2. Wordy and Redundant Language

  • Wordy language results from using too many words to express your thoughts.

    • Incorrect (I): I haven’t picked a major at this point in time.

    • Correct (C): I haven’t picked a major yet.

    • I: Due to the fact that I don’t feel well, I stayed home today.

    • C: Because I don’t feel well, I stayed home today.


Wordy and redundant language

Wordy and Redundant Language

  • Redundant language occurs when you use words that say the same thing.

    • I: He has reverted back to smoking.

    • C: He has reverted to smoking.

    • I: My two twins are celebrating their birthday.

    • C: My twins are celebrating their birthday.


3 clich s

3. Clichés

  • Clichés are phrases used so often that people no longer pay attention to them.

    • Writing an “A” paper is easier said than done.

    • I’ll turn it in late, but it’s better late than never.

  • Avoid using clichés in academic writing.


4 slang

4. Slang

  • Slang is informal and casual language often shared by a particular group.

    • My mom chewed me out for coming home late.

    • I used to not get along with my mom, but we’re cool now.

    • I was bummed about my midterm grade.

  • The use of slang is inappropriate in formal writing.


Commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words

  • Homophones are words that sound alike but have different meanings and are spelled differently.

    • to, too, two

    • there, their, they’re

    • your vs. you’re

    • its vs. it’s

    • threw vs. through

  • See comprehensive list on pp. 545-44 in Little, Brown Handbook.


Strategies to avoid misused words

Strategies to Avoid Misused Words

  • Proofread carefully!

    • You can’t count on spell-check to catch these words.

  • Use a dictionary.

    • Look up the words you aren’t sure about; don’t guess!

  • Develop a personal list of words you often confuse!

    • Consult your list and double-check for these words before turning in any assignment.


Spelling

Spelling

  • Misspelled words are considered a serious error in writing.

  • Spelling errors leave a bad impression; you are and will continue to be judged by your spelling!

  • If you want to become a better speller, you must practice certain strategies.


Strategies for improving spelling

Strategies for Improving Spelling

  • Watch for certain words that are always spelled as one word.

    • cannot, nobody, anybody, everybody, somebody, somewhat, wherever, worthwhile, anything, everything.


Strategies for improving spelling1

Strategies for Improving Spelling

2. Master your own “personal spelling demons.”

  • Create memory aids.

  • Break the word into parts or say the word phonetically.

  • Write the word correctly 10 times.

  • Take a spelling test.


Strategies for improving spelling2

Strategies for Improving Spelling

3. Master commonly confused words.

  • If you can master these words, you can eliminate many of your spelling errors.

  • Use your handout as a tool.

    4. Learn the six spelling rules!

  • Use the handout on the Writing Room website as a tool.


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