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Roots and Affixes PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Roots and Affixes. How words are created. Vocabulary. English vocabulary include short words like the article a as well as longer word such as inextricably and denunciation . Short word such as speak and solve are called base words Base words cannot be reduced to smaller parts. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Roots and Affixes

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Roots and Affixes

How words are created


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Vocabulary

  • English vocabulary include short words like the article a as well as longer word such as inextricably and denunciation.

  • Short word such as speak and solve are called base words

  • Base words cannot be reduced to smaller parts.

  • Other words can be added to them to produce longer words with various meanings.


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Word Parts

  • There are two kinds of word parts: roots and affixes.

  • A root is a word part that comes from another language, such as Greek or Latin.

  • An affix is a word part that can be attached to either a root or a base word to create a new word.


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Affixes

  • Affixes can be divided into two categories: prefixes (appear at the beginning of words) and suffixes (appear at the end of words).


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Check it out


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Meaning

  • The meaning of a word is related to the meaning of its word parts.

  • To unlock the meaning of an unfamiliar word, break the word down into its component parts; then think about the meaning of the word’s affixes and root.


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Apply

  • For example one could analyze the word intangible, using the chart shown previously.

  • First break the word into its parts:

    PREFIX ROOT SUFFIX ENGLISH WORD

    In- + tang + -ible = intangible

    Tang is a latin roots meaning “touch”

    In- is a prefix meaning “not”

    -ible is a suffix meaning “able to”


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Word Families

  • A group of English words may be derived from the same word part of root. Such a group is called a word family.

  • You can use this knowledge to help you determine the meaning of unknown words.

  • Try this out:

    Shared roots: solo, solitary, solitude

    Root: sol= ?


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Answer: Alone, can you think of other words in the family?

  • Solitare

  • Soloist

  • Based on your knowledge of the root and the meaning of other words in the same family, try to define the meaning of the above words.

  • Solitare- a card game played by one person

  • Soloist- one who performs alone


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Try one:

Words:

  • Diminish

  • Diminutive

  • Minimum

  • What do these words have in common?

  • Which words do you know?

  • What do you think the meaning of the root is?


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Word Family Practice Questions:

  • Word family: ethnicity, ethnic, ethnographer Root: ethn Meaning:

    • Ocean

    • Nation

    • Hesitation


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Word Family Practice Questions:

  • Word family: maniac, maniacal Root: mania Meaning:

    • Education

    • Sanitation

    • Madness


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Word Family Practice Questions:

  • Word family: epidermis, dermatology Root: derm Meaning:

    • Skin

    • Body

    • Mind


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Word Family Practice Questions:

  • Word Family: laboratory, labor Root: lab Meaning:

    • Work

    • Good

    • Weak


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Let’s see what you know:

  • Divide and indivisible are members of the same word family. Which root so they share?

    A. –vis- B. -visible- C. -div-

  • What is the meaning of this root?

    A. separate B. shrink C. junk

  • What is another member of the same word family?

    A. December B. dividend C. invisible