Imposing Liberalism. A nalyse perspectives on the imposition of the principles of liberalism on people / groups in Canada and the world through liberal foreign policy. To what extend, and for whom, has the imposition of Liberalism been successful?.
Analyse perspectives on the imposition of the principles of liberalism on people / groups in Canada and the world through liberal foreign policy.
To what extend, and for whom, has the imposition of Liberalism been successful?
Conflicting Land-Holding Ideologies
First Nations Perspective
Classical Liberalism Perspective
Colonial European Gov. (classical liberalism)
Different philosophies (ideology) towards spiritual and societal beliefs created misunderstanding on issues of land ownership, progress, and change
Aboriginal communities did not believe that they “owned the land” more spiritual and holistic interpretation of living on the land
Europeans would have wanted to buy, own and divide up the land
Foreign concept for aboriginal people’s, private property, more communal of resources, stewardship of the land
Eurocentrism - perceived cultural superiority
Reliance on the value of written rules for government, citizens rights and trade
Cultural beliefs that differed from aboriginals.
Classical liberalist view - believed in private property defended by John Locke.
Causes of a large number of land claims Differences in understandings of historical agreements between first Nations and the Canadian government
Misunderstanding of terms of the treaties lead to a need for legal proceedings to interpret them.
Beliefs about the sovereignty of First Nations are not a question today – protection in the Charter of Rights.
Ethical consideration of fairness and equality are valued by Canadians.
First Nations are looked at differently today than in 19th century – entitled to same rights, responsibilities, freedoms, and private property as others.
Modern perspective on negotiations between First Nations and Canadian government are distinct from previous views.
Enfranchisement & Gradual Civilization Act 1857
Denounce their Indian status – gain enfranchisement & 50 acres on reserve – land handed down.
Resistance by the Aboriginals.
To costly for what was gained
Was something granted instead of something belonging to all member of society
Land grant would have little meaning.
Rationale by the Gov.
Liberalist view (ultimate goal of citizenship)
Rights, freedoms, and material possessions ClassicalLiberalism
Indian Act (government legislation 1876)
Defined First Nations people (segregation)
Step back from 1763 Royal Proclamation (distinct peoples & nations with the right to negotiate as a sovereign nation) intended to end abuse.
Encourage abandonment of Indian status
Wards of the state
Women married a non-Aboriginal man
Vote in federal election
Join the Armed Forces
Trudeau – federalist
Read pages 310-312 complete handout.
Red Paper National Indian Brotherhood
White Paper Trudeau
Major concerns by first nations
Fulfillment of treaty rights
Acting on the Royal Commission on Aboriginal peoples
Read pages 312-314 and complete the handout “Contemporary solutions”
Read authors point of view top of page 318
What support and drawbacks to liberalism does Parekh state?
Under what conditions is a country justifying the imposing of its political ideology on another country?
Imperialism– economic / eurocentrism
WWI Treaty of Versailles – democracy / self-determination / security
WWII Marshall Plan economic / security
Kuwait 1991 Gulf war / economic / violation of Kuwaiti territorial integrity
1998 Iraq Liberation Act "to establish a program to support a transition to democracy in Iraq." in response to the non-compliance to inspection nuclear weapons
2001 Oct. 7th Afghanistan Invasion “Operation Enduring Freedom “War on Terrorism”
2003 Iraq “Operation Iraqi Freedom” Invasion weapons of mass destruction / security
Do you agree or disagree with the justification for foreign intervention expressed in the quote by Lynn Jones ?pg 319/20
How important do you think the “bonds of common humanity” are in forming the foreign policies of countries such as the United States and Great Britain?
Political cartoon fig. 9-11 who and what policy does the shark symbolize?
Is restricting economic activity a legitimate means of encouraging modern liberal principles in foreign countries?
How can this cartoon be used as an example of illegitimate and legitimate support of encouraging modern liberal principles in a foreign county?
Read pg. 323 & 324 Voices and supplied reading
Which of the quotes in “Voices” do you believe is the most realistic assessment of the situation in Afghanistan?
What reasons do you have for your choice?
How do you think most Afghan citizens view the presence of foreign troops in their country?
Do you think Canada has a responsibility to protect the new democratic system in Afghanistan? If so, What limits, if any, should be placed on that responsibility?
1987 - Present
YoweriMuseveni 1986 – Present
Reactions by Liberalism
Economic mismanagement, corruption, and brutal repression, illegal elections
In reaction to human rights violations the Bush administration legislated the Zimbabwe Democracy Act
" the situation in Zimbabwe endangers the southern African region and threatens to undermine efforts to foster good governance and respect for the rule of law throughout the continent."
USA presidential spokesman
Reactions by Liberalism
Reactions by Liberalism
Rapid ideological shifts within a country require major social change and commitment – move towards democratic liberalism would require the individuals to embrace free and fair elections.
Elections can only be free, fair and represent the will of the people if the people are informed, open to dialogue, and receptive and tolerant of diverse views and perspectives.
In order to implement Ideological change
Using the chart and Chapter 9 as your source, complete each of the empty boxes