Writing a research report
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Writing a research report. ESL/ALP 108 Integrated Studies. The Process. Choose a topic Gather materials Narrow the topic Formulate a research question Research in-depth Write the introduction and thesis Write the body Write the conclusion Write the bibliography. Choose a topic.

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Writing a research report
Writing aresearch report

ESL/ALP 108 Integrated Studies

The process
The Process

  • Choose a topic

  • Gather materials

  • Narrow the topic

  • Formulate a research question

  • Research in-depth

  • Write the introduction and thesis

  • Write the body

  • Write the conclusion

  • Write the bibliography

Choose a topic
Choose a topic

  • Choose a topic in your field of study. Write about something you are interested in to lead you to a question you have about something particular in your field.

Gather materials
Gather materials

  • Once you have chosen a general topic, gather materials (periodicals, scholarly articles, lecture videos, professional articles) to explore information that exists on your topic.

  • Take notes on the information you find and keep a list of all materials in a ‘dump document’.

Narrow your topic
Narrow your topic

  • Assume your topic is too broad. When a topic is too broad, it will not allow you to do an in-depth analysis and demonstrate critical thinking.

  • In graduate writing you need a narrowed topic in order to explore the topic in detail.

Formulate a research question
Formulate a research question

  • Develop a question or discover a controversy related to your topic to show your perspective.

  • Your job is to present your own perspective and use the research to support your idea.

  • This question will

    be the springboard

    for the thesis.

In depth research
In-depth research

  • Search the databases for scholarly and professional articles on your narrowed topic.

  • You need to collect and refer to a minimum of four articles in your research paper.

  • You may find the need to narrow your topic even more as you complete your in-depth research.

  • Write a source list with annotations.

Write your introduction
Write your introduction

  • The introduction to your research paper will present the overall topic and your thesis, the key argument you want to prove in your paper.

  • The introduction can include the following

    • First, an attention getter on the general topic or an extended definition of the key topic.

    • Second, the supporting sentences with general background information on the topic

    • Last, a thesis with the main argument of the paper.

The thesis
The thesis

  • The thesis is one or two complete sentences at the end of the introduction that express the key argument you will prove in your paper.

  • The thesis must be

    • clear and direct - not vague language

    • a statement that is not posed as a question

    • in third person only

Body paragraphs
Body paragraphs

  • The body of the research paper includes three sections.

    • Literature review – summarize what the current research shows in relation to your topic.

    • Presentation of your view – explain and develop the support for your ideas on the topic.

    • Implications/effects of your view – explain the effects/results and the importance of your idea.


  • The conclusion is your last effort to convince the reader that your idea is valid.

  • Write strong, direct sentences that give the main points of your paper and propose what may happen in the future.

  • Do not give new points in the conclusion.

  • Do not begin the conclusion with overused transitions, such as ‘In conclusion’ or ‘In summary’; use a concluding phrase instead.

Bibliography and citations
Bibliography and citations

  • The bibliography is a list of all sources used to write your research paper.

  • The bibliography and all in-text citations must be in APA style.


  • ~ 2000 words

  • 12-point font

  • Times New Roman or Arial

  • 1” margins

  • double-spaced

  • title page per APA style

  • black ink / white paper