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Reform in the Gilded Age

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Reform in the Gilded Age - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Reform in the Gilded Age. _________________: period in U.S. lasting from the 1870s-1890s marked by political ______________& extravagant spending. There sure seems to be a lot of w ealthy spending mixed with a large population of poor who are suffering….

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Reform in the Gilded Age

_________________: period in U.S. lasting from the 1870s-1890s marked by political ______________& extravagant spending

There sure seems to be a lot of wealthy spending mixed with a large population of poor who are suffering…

  • - 2/5 Americans were _______________________
  • “Gilded Age” comes from ___________________
  • Gilded: coated in a thin layer of gold paint, implying
  • falseness beneath the surface (cheap jewelry)
  • Politics
  • No true power behind parties
  • More _________________than anything else
  • Politics driven by ____________ including:
    • Fear that bankers, industrialists & wealthy were controlling politics at the expense of the public
    • __________& voter fraud would cause corruption
  • _______________________– practice of rewarding political
  • supporters with government jobs
  • ___________ : ability and worth versus politics
  • - Might have been effective…but Garfield was shot
  • - VP Chester Arthur takes over
  • & tries to work on reform
  • Civil Service Commission: 1883-conduct exams for federal jobs in order to fill them out based on merit
  • Civil Service: includes all federal jobs except elected offices & the military (about 40% jobs)
  • Regulating Big Business:
  • - ________________ controlled the government due to illegitimate politics
  • - Under Constitution the federal government had the power to regulate
  • - __________________________ : business that crossed state lines.
  • - Interstate Commerce Act: signed by President Grover Cleveland in 1887 – ____________________________________________________________
  • - The ____ (interstate commerce commission) oversaw these rules.
  • - Sherman Antitrust Act: prohibited business from trying to limit or destroy competition
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