Greece. Greece. Home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations, Greece has been called the birthplace of Western culture . Today, Greece is trying to reclaim its place as a leading country in Europe. Greece: History.
Theater. Philosophy. Democracy. Art. Architecture. Literature. Math. Philosophy.
Many Greeks were not happy under Turkish rule, so they rose up against the Turks. After the rebellion, Greece became a monarchy and its government has changed many times since its independence. More recently, democracy has once again taken root in the country where it was born nearly 2,500 years ago.
Food is influenced by products native to Greece and groups who have ruled. Lamb, olives, and vegetables are easily available in Greece because they grow well there. From the Turks, the Greeks learned to cook with yogurt and honey, and from the Italians they learned about pasta.
Greece’s past sometimes overshadows its present. Today though, Greece has a very diverse economy and is rapidly growing with about three-fifths of the people living in cities.
Greece’s capital is ATHENS – it’s also Greece’s largest city.
Modern skyscrapers rise above ancient Greek ruins. Most of the country’s industry is centered in Athens, which has also caused air pollution that’s damaged both the ancient ruins and the country’s health.
Outside of the cities, people live very differently than we do in the United States and in Greece’s big cities. Many live in isolated mountain villages, where they raise sheep and goats. Village life centers around the town square, as it did in ancient times.
Two of Greece’s most profitable industries:
SHIPPING: Greece has one of the largest shipping fleets in the world.
TOURISM: Millions of people travel to Greece to see ancient ruins in Athens or to visit the beautiful island beaches.
Ancient ruins of the Agora in Athens