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Moving Past the Tipping Point – Alberta’s New Land Use System. ELC Webinar December 9, 2009 Cindy Chiasson Executive Director. About the ELC. A registered charitable organization incorporated in 1982 Our mission: To ensure that laws, policies and legal processes protect the environment.

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Moving past the tipping point alberta s new land use system

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Moving Past the Tipping Point – Alberta’s New Land Use System

ELC Webinar

December 9, 2009

Cindy Chiasson

Executive Director


About the elc

Alberta’s New Land Use System

About the ELC

  • A registered charitable organization incorporated in 1982

  • Our mission: To ensure that laws, policies and legal processes protect the environment.


About the elc1

Alberta’s New Land Use System

About the ELC

  • Our ends:

    • Enactment and effective enforcement of sound environmental laws and policies.

    • Effective and informed public participation in environmental regulatory, law-making and decision-making processes.



Roots of the luf initiative

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Roots of the LUF initiative

Approach to land & resource management

  • multiple use

  • project-by-project approval, incrementalism

  • impacts of individual projects mitigated

  • cumulative effects difficult to deal with


Roots of the luf initiative1

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Roots of the LUF initiative

Approach to land & resource management

  • anti-planning or laissez-faire approach to planning

  • patchwork of policy and legal requirements

  • “silo” based decision-making


What albertans want

Alberta’s New Land Use System

What Albertans want…

  • stronger provincial leadership

  • better policy integration & coordination (land, water & air)

  • greater clarity re: roles & responsibilities of land use decision-makers

  • improved conflict resolution processes


What albertans want1

Alberta’s New Land Use System

What Albertans want…

  • better land conservation & stewardship

  • improved land use information sharing

  • increased consultation & opportunities for public, stakeholders & aboriginal peoples to influence land use policies & decisions



Structure regional planning

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Structure – regional planning

Regional

Plan

Regional Advisory Council

Terms of Reference

Land Use Secretariat

Sub-regional

Plan

Public

Cabinet

Approved Plan

Cabinet has complete control over the

plan, ToR, and amendments.


Regulatory hierarchy

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Regulatory hierarchy

Alberta Land Stewardship Act

Amends 27 other acts

Other Acts

If there is a conflict?

“Super Regulation”

Regional Plan

Other Regulations


Enforcement

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Enforcement

Day to day decisions of municipalities

and government

ALSA amends other acts

Decisions must comply

with Regional Plan

Non-compliance

Existing appeal processes

Complaint to LUS Commissioner


Regulations tools

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Regulations & tools

  • Top down completely – discretion lies with Cabinet

    • Challenges to court are limited

  • Regulation making powers are broad

    • Include appeal mechanisms for public lands


Regulations tools1

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Regulations & tools

  • Conservation tools enabled

    • Conservation directive

    • Conservation easements – expanded to agricultural land

    • Conservation offsets

    • Tradable Development Credit


Elc s assessment of alsa

Alberta’s New Land Use System

ELC’s assessment of ALSA

  • Our vision: dedicated land use planning legislation

    • single, binding Act

    • administered by Cabinet & a separate administrative secretariat

    • all gov’t depts must conform

    • set out decision-making process for land use planning

    • assign planning responsibilities, create a clear decision-making hierarchy & require local land use decisions to conform to regional plans


Elc s assessment of alsa1

Alberta’s New Land Use System

ELC’s assessment of ALSA

Our assessment: ALSA meets the basic elements

  • more needed re: decision-making process for land use planning

  • much is still to be determined by Cabinet:

    • Regional Advisory Councils

    • creation of the planning process

    • development and amendment of regional plans

    • content of regional plans


Development of regional plans

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Development of regional plans

  • Current (done 2010):

    • Lower Athabasca

    • South Saskatchewan

  • Stage 2 (done 2011):

    • North Saskatchewan

    • Upper Athabasca

  • Stage 3 (done 2012):

    • Red Deer

    • Upper Peace

    • Lower Peace


Development of regional plans1

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Development of regional plans

CABINET

  • 3 stages of public input

  • Initial info sessions

  • Draft vision for plan

  • Draft plan

  • Aboriginal consultation separate

SECRETARIAT

&

PROJECT TEAM

REGIONAL

ADVISORY

COMMITTEE


Elements of regional plans

Regional profile

Policy context

Regional vision statement

Regional outcomes

Objectives & goals

Strategies, actions, approaches

Monitoring & reporting

50 year min. planning horizon

5-10 year effectiveness

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Elements of regional plans


Lower athabasca plan scope

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Lower Athabasca plan scope

  • Primary focus: economic development (oil sands; timber)

  • Land conservation – boreal forest

  • Water & air (NOx & SO2) thresholds

  • Aboriginal traditional use


South saskatchewan plan scope

Alberta’s New Land Use System

South Saskatchewan plan scope

  • Population growth

  • Water supply & demand

  • Landscape conservation (Eastern slopes)

  • Economic growth (agriculture; energy; forestry; recreation & tourism)

  • Thresholds: surface water quantity & quality; air quality

  • Aboriginal traditional use

  • Major multi-use corridors


What else to watch for

Alberta’s New Land Use System

What else to watch for…

  • Interim/transitional issues

  • Implementation

    • How will province-wide agencies manage?


Support the elc

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Support the ELC

  • Registered charity – donations receive a tax receipt

  • 100% of donations fund ELC public programs

    https://www.elc.ab.ca/pages/SupportELC/default.aspx

    CRA Registration Number - 11890 0679 RR0001


Questions

Alberta’s New Land Use System

Questions?

Phone: 780-424-5099 or 1-800-661-4238

E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]

Web: www.elc.ab.ca

Blog: http://environmentallawcentre.wordpress.com

Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/environmentallawcentre

Twitter: https://twitter.com/ELC_Alberta

To sign up for e-mail updates, visit: http://www.elc.ab.ca/pages/home/Notification.aspx.


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