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Women in German Academia. Career paths of academic staff Participation of women (and men) in German academia – trends and numbers Measures taken and actions to carry out European networking. Standard Career Pattern (Simplified). Development of male and female student numbers 1913 - 2004.

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Women in german academia
Women in German Academia

  • Career paths of academic staff

  • Participation of women (and men) in German academia – trends and numbers

  • Measures taken and actions to carry out

  • European networking

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Standard career pattern simplified
Standard Career Pattern (Simplified)

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Development of male and female student numbers 1913 2004
Development of male and female student numbers 1913 - 2004

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Expansion of academia and participation of women in 1965 1998 in absolute figures
Expansion of Academia and Participation of Women in 1965 – 1998 in Absolute Figures

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Women s share across different academic levels 1992 2004
Women‘s Share Across Different Academic Levels 1992 - 2004 1998 in Absolute Figures

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Women s share in new professorships 1997 2004
Women‘s Share in New Professorships, 1997-2004 1998 in Absolute Figures

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Women lost along the way 2005 leaky pipeline
Women Lost Along the Way (2005) 1998 in Absolute Figures“leaky pipeline”

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Retrospective analysis all subjects
Retrospective Analysis All Subjects 1998 in Absolute Figures

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Retrospective analysis linguistics and cultural studies
Retrospective 1998 in Absolute FiguresAnalysis Linguistics and Cultural Studies

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Historical barriers impeding the integration of women into academia
(Historical) Barriers Impeding the Integration of Women Into Academia

  • Profound division of labour

  • Historically, very high prestige and exclusiveness of academic profession, especially professorships

  • Very late entry of women into higher education and academic professions

  • Informal selection and co-opting mechanisms

  • A long and risky career ladder

  • Women are more likely to rely on non – regular financial support while working on their doctorates and habilitations

  • Women are more likely to occupy inferior sectors of the academic labour market

  • The traditional hierarchical system of university organisation

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


Trends in favour of women s access to academia
Trends in Favour of Women’s Access to Academia Into Academia

  • A growing female participation in the labour force in general

  • Feminist pressure

  • Affirmative actions and gender mainstreaming

  • A changing academic environment (more female mentors and networks)

  • Stagnating interest of men in university studies and careers in a shrinking public sector

  • Sinking attractiveness of science, decreasing distinctiveness of academic profession

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


What is to be done
What is to be done Into Academia

  • Offer better solutions to combine work and family

  • Develop possibilities for double careers

  • PhD Thesis and examinations to be supervised by committees

  • Transparency: Obligation to formalize employment procedures - external experts must be involved

  • Women’s share as a performance indicator for universities

  • Positive discrimination? Minimum quotas for women in academic staff

  • What about the trend towards headhunting? Would headhunting of women be a solution?

  • Last but not least: Make science and working conditions more attractive for women

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


What is needed on a european level
What is needed on a European Level Into Academia

  • Facilitate mobility of women: develop guest- and mentoring programs

  • Join existing European networks of women in science

  • Organize European recruiting systems in favour of female scientists

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


And now wish us a good discussion Into Academia

Women in the European Higher Education Area

Workshop GEW 6. – 7. Dec. 2007


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