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CERN infrastructure improvements. Objective : Summary of EOI’s dealing with infrastructure in CERN beam lines (and not covered by other presentations) Contents : CERN Irradiation Facilities EAIRRAD – Proton irradiation facility in the EAST AREA

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CERN infrastructure improvements

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Cern infrastructure improvements

CERN infrastructure improvements

  • Objective: Summary of EOI’s dealing with infrastructure in CERN beam lines (and not covered by other presentations)

  • Contents:

  • CERN Irradiation Facilities

    • EAIRRAD – Proton irradiation facility in the EAST AREA

    • GIF++ - Gamma Irradiation Facility with test beam

  • Radiation Monitoring

  • Transnational Access: CERN irrad. facilities & beam lines

  • Summary

Michael MollCERN, PH, Switzerland

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Ps east area irradiation facilities 2012

PS East Area Irradiation Facilities (2012)

157

24 GeV/c protons

222

  • 1992 until 2012

  • Proton irradiations (T7)

    • Primary 24 GeV/c proton beam(IRRAD1, IRRAD3, IRRAD7)

  • Neutron (mixed-field) irradiations (T8)

    • Mixed field produced in cavity afterC (50cm), Fe(30cm), Pb(5cm) ‘target’ (IRRAD2)

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Ps east area irradiation facilities 20121

PS East Area Irradiation Facilities (2012)

Statistics: Number of objects irradiated

  • East Area irradiation facilities

    • Main user: LHC detector upgrades

    • heavily used (avg. 600 irrad./year)

    • Several shortcomings:

      • Primary area with limited space

      • Proton and mixed field facility competing for beam (different beam lines)

      • Limited intensity, ….

  • AIDA: WP8.3. – Upgrade of PS irradiation facilities

    • Main objectives:

      • Design of a new facility combining proton and mixed facility in one beam line

      • Produce common infrastructure for the facility

        • Irradiation tables with cold boxes

        • Passive fluence monitor based on new concept: microwave absorption in silicon samples

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


New east area facilities

New East Area Facilities

Service Infrastructure

Mixed-field Facility

T8 beam line

Proton Facility

24GeV/c protons

[M. Lazzaroni, D. Brethoux (EN-MEF)]

Design (AIDA deliverable)

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Ps east area irradiation facilities

PS East Area Irradiation Facilities

  • Towards a new irradiation facility in the EAST AREA:

    • 2008-2010: Working Group on Irradiation Facilities at CERN

      • Clear need for new irradiation facilities at CERN identified

        • Proton (fast and slow extraction), Mixed Field, GIF++

    • 2011: Start of AIDA project

    • 2012: CERN management agrees on facilities upgrade

      • AIDA was very helpful in achieving the green light for the project

      • CERN-EN is charged and funded to design and construct irradiation beam linein framework of EAST AREA renovation plan

      • R2E project (LHC machine): Mixed field facility & infrastructure design

      • CERN-PH & AIDA: Proton irradiation facility and infrastructure design

    • 2013: Dismantling (DIRAC & old IRRAD facility); start of construction

    • 2014: Construction and commissioning of facilities

      • First irradiation experiments towards end of the year

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


East area status

EAST AREA (status)

Nov.2013dismantlingtarget area

Feb.2014construction(posing of blocks)

March 2013dismantlingDIRAC

Cold box on movable table

Fluence measurementsystem based on microwave absorption

calibration curve

Dismantling & Construction

User equipment (AIDA)

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Irrad horizon 2020

IRRAD - Horizon 2020

  • AIDA 2 – CERN proton facility upgrades & improvements

    • User, sample and data management system interfaced to CERN radioactive material tracking system: TREC; Equip facility for handling of highly activated material

    • Evaluate sample holders radiation hardness (increased fluence!)

    • Bring beam profile monitor characterizing each proton spill from prototype to working device (beam control &fluence monitoring), increase granularity, develop electronics for new beam conditions (readout speed, shaping time)

    • Cold box system for irradiations down to -40°C (CERN, Birmingham)

    • Improve possibilities for inhomogeneous irradiations (control of tables)

    • User support (general support in irradiations, design and production of sample holders, improve position resolved passive dosimetry using radiochromic films)

  • AIDA 2 – Irradiation Facilities

    • Establish and maintain a web platform (entry point) of irradiation facilities of interest for the HEP community (Online database of irradiation facilities)

    • Birmingham: Prepare facility for high flux irradiations up to 1017p/cm2 [LN2 cooling system]

  • AIDA 2 – Radiation Monitoring

    • CERN PH RADMON boards are used in LHC experiments and otherexperiments (e.g. GIF++); Assure supply of RADMON boards (Development of adequate RADFETs and other sensors) and design of a stand alone readout system for Experiments; Evaluate KT potential

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Irrad horizon 20201

IRRAD - Horizon 2020

  • Uprade the existing instrument to monitor not only hadron fluence but also electron, gamma and x-ray doses following two approaches

    • (A) By combining the microwave absorption technique with EPR (Electron Parametric Resonance): Development of new instrument employing both techniques and development of samples that could be used for both types of measurement techniques delivering hadron fluence and dose at the same time.

    • B) By improving the measurement and analysis technique for the existing instrument: EOI: “Different types of radiation can be recognized by using different components of measured parameters, e.g. change of carrier trapping time can be ascribed to point defects introduced by high energy electrons, carrier recombination time can be attributed to hadron damage”

VUTEG-5-AIDA

  • AIDA 2 – New radiation dose and fluence monitor [Vilnius, EOI-34]Vilnius (Juozas Vaitkus), CERN, UCL Louvain, KIT Karlsruhe, Helsinki University

    • Explore possibility to use the VUTEG-5-AIDA in other hadron environments (non HEP applications)

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Cern infrastructure improvements

GIF++

  • GIF++ is a new CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility combining a high-energy particle beam and an intense gamma source

    • Under implemented in the North Area of the SPS (H4 beam line)

  • GIF++ follows up on the very successful GIF (bldg.190)

    • No beam at GIF since 2004 (west area beam lines dismantled)

    • 137Cs intensity decreased, no more adequate for new tests (HL-LHC: 10 x background)

    • Limited surface available for large detectors

    • Aged infrastructure and safety concerns

  • GIF++ layout defined starting from new requirementsfrom the users

    • Project proposal in 2009 [Proposal , GIF++ web site]

    • Construction of facility: CERN EN & CERN PH

    • Commissioning planned for September-October 2014

  • AIDA: Deliverables linked to upgrade of facilities

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Cern infrastructure improvements

GIF++ facility

GIF

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Cern infrastructure improvements

GIF++ facility

Beam pipe 159 mm

Bulgaria: INRNE; Greece: NTUA, AUTh, Demokritos, NCUA; Israel: Weizmann,Technion; Italy: INFN-Bari, -Bologna, -LNF, -Naples, -Rome2

  • AIDA user infrastructure:

    • Muontracking set-up (Thin gap chambers)

    • Large area cosmic ray set-up (Bottom and Top tracker, RPC)

    • Detector Control System, DAQ

    • System for active gamma dose measurements (RADMON, Radfets)

    • System with environmental sensors, + Filters from Aachen

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll

CERN: Facility with services, infrastructure and irradiator


Gif horizon 2020

GIF++ - Horizon 2020

  • GIF++ will be commissioned at the end of 2014

  • AIDA 2 – GIF++ facility improvements

    • Complete the GIF++ gas system

      • Complete installation of remaining 11 panels for mixture distribution

      • Upgrade control rack for more units (mixers, analysis, re-circulation systems, … )

      • Additional IR analysis rack for second mixer using flammable gas

      • 3 mixers for users

      • 3 new gas recirculation systems for users

    • Extend the coverage of the cosmic tracker and equip part of the bunker side walls to select more horizontal muons (i.e. higher momentum); considering: new cosmic tracker on upstream side of the source

    • Develop radiation monitor system for instantaneous dose rate measurements

      • The combination of the 2 types of radiation sensors will give to the users the information for the correlation between the instant and accumulated photon flux and behaviour of the experimental components under high irradiation test.

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Cern infrastructure improvements

INRNE - Sofia

AIDA - 1

RADIATION SENSORS for Integrated Dose

for GIF++

RADMON PCB BASED WITH 2 RADFETS DETECTORS

1xLAAS1600 - till 10 Gy

1xREM 250 - till 2000 Gy

  • AIDA – 2

  • RADIATION MONITORS for Instantaneous

  • Dose Rate for GIF++

  • Ionization Chamber Monitoring

  • 2. Scintillating Fibers Monitoring


The muon room

The Muon Room

  • The Muon Room: Augmented Reality event display infrastructureINFN (GuilioAielliRom; A.PoliniBolgna), EPFL(V.Lepetit), Canberra (N.Menaa), CERN (O.Beltramello)

What:Combination of particle detectors, real time data acquisition and Augmented Reality (AR) to provide users with a First Person View (FPV) interactive event display and detector status. We propose to develop this infrastructure as an enhancement of the GIF++ within the AIDA 2020 proposal

Why:experimental particle physics and AR are advanced and established techniques but they have never been combined before. The result is the direct and interactive experience of Cosmic Rays (CRs) for an operator in a given detector setup.

Why GIF++:the HW infrastructure to support such system is almost all there in the GIF++. We need only to add the necessary software for AR and user interface

Direct benefits:the GIF++ will be a pilot project for a new generation of tools for commissioning and long term maintenance of complex experimental apparatus, reducing the time for finding and fixing detector problems and enhance the operator safety. In facts the system can also be interfaced with the DCS showing the power status (HV, LV etc.)of any detector component the operator is looking at.

Scenario: the ability to visualize the CR in the natural environment. Thanks to good timing detectors (RPCs), a CR shower event can be replayed, stopped, observed in slow motion, as well as the consequences of the impact on a test detector.

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


The muon room1

The Muon Room

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


The muon room2

The Muon Room

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


The muon room3

The Muon Room

  • The Muon Room: ConclusionsINFN (GuilioAielliRom; A.PoliniBolgna), EPFL(V.Lepetit), Canberra (N.Menaa), CERN (O.Beltramello)

  • Potential repercussions on the society: interfacing real time DAQ/control system (HEP field of expertise…) and AR have in general a huge potential in several applications such as future industrial control, production and safety. The special case of CR radiation visualization can be largely used for education and outreach, for Universities, exhibitions, museum, etc. This concept can be extended in principle to any source of invisible field of radiation by replacing the type of sensors, e.g. Radio Frequency, Infrared, UV…

  • Benefits for the project approval: For what above this proposal fully matches the addresses and recommendations of the EC for the project applications, enhancing the overall chances of approval of the AIDA 2020 project.

  • Estimation of cost (strictly AR additional function): very preliminary

    • augmented display (5000 CHF)

    • Camera pose calculation (software development): 6 month FTE

    • User interface: 12 month FTE

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Transnational access

Transnational Access

  • Transnational Access for CERN

    • All available test beams (PS, SPS)

    • Irradiation facilities:

      • East Area (PS) – Proton Facility

      • East Area (PS) – Mixed Field Facility

      • North Area (SPS) GIF++ Facility

    • Although CERN beams were only available for part of the AIDA project (LS1), all resources have been used. TA is a very successful tool: Propose to increase resources with respect to AIDA.

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Summary i aida horizon2020

Summary I: AIDA Horizon2020

  • 3 new irradiation facilities to be commissioned at CERN in 2014

    • CERN and facilities user communities proposing the build up of services and service infrastructure around these facilities as well as improvements & upgrades to fully exploit the capabilities of these facilities.

    • User infrastructure for GIF++ and CERN EAST AREA Facilities

  • Muon room project (linked to GIF++)

  • Radiation and Beam Monitoring

    • Beam Profile Monitor [CERN]

    • RADMON project [CERN]

    • GIF++ instantaneous dose rate measurement [INRNE Sofia]

    • New radiation monitoring device combining MW absorption with EPR [Vilnius]

  • Transnational Access (see also Giovanni’s & Marco’s talks)

    • CERN test beams in SPS and PS

    • Irradiation facilities (EAST Area: proton & mixed field; North Area: GIF++)

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


Summary ii aida horizon2020

Summary II: AIDA Horizon2020

Points of contact for further discussion on EOI’s:

  • CERN PH coordination

    • K.Elsener

  • CERN irradiation facilities [EOI-48, EOI-43]

    • Proton: CERN (M.Moll), Sheffield (R.French), Liverpool (G.Casse)

    • Mixed field: CERN (M.Brugger)

    • GIF++: CERN (R.Guida), User Community represented by D.Boscherini [INFN, INRNE Sofia, ….]

  • Radiation and Beam Monitoring

    • EOI-48 & EOI-43: CERN (F.Ravotti), INRE Sofia (P.Iaydjiev)

    • EOI-34: Vilnius (J.Vaitkus), CERN, UCL, KIT, Helsinki

  • “The MuonRoom”Augmented Reality [EOI-41]

    • INFN (Guilio Aielli Rom; A.PoliniBolgna), EPFL(V.Lepetit), Canberra (N.Menaa), CERN (O.Beltramello)

  • Transnational Access to CERN beam facilities

    • CERN (H.Wilkens)

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


End additional slides

END -- Additional slides

  • Annex: More details about the proposed projects

    • “The Muon Room”

    • Details: AIDA infrastructure for proton facility

    • Details: AIDA infrastructure for GIF++ facility

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


The muon room4

The Muon Room

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


The muon room5

The Muon Room

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


The muon room6

The Muon Room

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


The muon room7

The Muon Room

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


The muon room8

The Muon Room

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


8 3 2 common infrastructure

8.3.2. Common Infrastructure

Scanning system + Thermal Chamber

  • Fully portable plug & play scanning system

  • Thermal chamber using similar principle to PS irradiation facility CERN (IRRAD 5)

    • -22°C minimum operating temp

    • ~ 480W heat load removal (@ -20°C).

    • Recirculate cold air (forced convection)

  • Readout and control system using COTS FPGA based technology

  • Networked readout allowing remote access for data analysis and real-time sample performance

  • New beam profile monitors produced (see WP8 session)

  • Irradiation tales and boxes for proton irradiations

    • Sheffield, Liverpool, CERN developments

    • Irradiation tables produced and tested

      • at CERN proton irradiation facility (24 GeV/c protons)

      • at Birmingham Cyclotron (up to 40 MeV protons)

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


8 3 2 common infrastructure1

8.3.2. Common Infrastructure

MW cw radiation

v

c

recombination

c

excitation

v

c

c

  • Fluence monitoring system using microwave absorption

    • Vilnius University, CERN, Louvain

    • Monitoring based on carrier lifetime measurement in siliconby microwave absorption probed photoconductivity transients

    • System designed and produced in Vilnius

    • System tested at CERN in November 2012

      • Following this measurement campaign it was decided to optimize the system

      • add sample temperature stabilization, include possibility to scan sample

AIDA H2020 Open Meeting, 17 February 2014, CERN - M.Moll


8 3 2 fluence monitor

8.3.2. Fluence Monitor

  • Added new feature to the Fluence Monitor based on lifetime measurements in Silicon

    • Scanning over sample (1D, 2mm precision) now possible

    • Humidity and Temperature monitoring in chamber

    • Silicon pieces can remain in plastic bags during scanning

Steering Group Meeting 6.12.2013 - G.Mazzitelli & M.Moll


8 5 3 gif user infrastructure

8.5.3 GIF++ user infrastructure

Leader: Davide Boscherini (INFN Bologna)

Participants:Bulgaria:INRNE; Greece: NTUA, AUTh, Demokritos, NCUA; Israel:Weizmann,Technion;Italy:INFN-Bari, -Bologna, -LNF, -Naples, -Rome2

Deliverable: Infrastructure for the GIF++ Facility

Location: H4 line in SPS North Area100GeV muons, 10x10cm2

Size: 100m2

Source: 137Cs, 16.65 TBq (~3 Gy/h at 50 cm) 662 KeV, t1/2=30y

2nd AIDA Annual Meeting, 10-12 April 2013, INFN - LNF, Italy - G.Mazzitelli & M.Moll


8 5 3 gif user infrastructure1

8.5.3 GIF++ user infrastructure

Beam Tracker Detectors

2nd AIDA Annual Meeting, 10-12 April 2013, INFN - LNF, Italy - G.Mazzitelli & M.Moll


8 5 3 gif user infrastructure2

8.5.3 GIF++ user infrastructure

  • Roof tracking trigger

  • Floor tracker

  • fine trackers (floor/roof)

  • confirm plate

Cosmic Ray Tracker

2nd AIDA Annual Meeting, 10-12 April 2013, INFN - LNF, Italy - G.Mazzitelli & M.Moll


8 5 3 gif user infrastructure3

8.5.3 Gif++ user infrastructure

Sensor board

Sensor Head

Main controller

  • Radiation sensors for GIF++ (INRNE, Sofia)

    • Dose measurement based on RADMON (RADFET) sensors

    • Sensors tested at Gif facility in June 2012 (AIDA-Note 2012-04)

      • Calibration: signal vs. cumulated dose obtained for two types of RADFETs

    • Readout boards

      • under development:

    • Installation and cabling plans

      • First plans provided

2nd AIDA Annual Meeting, 10-12 April 2013, INFN - LNF, Italy - G.Mazzitelli & M.Moll


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