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Chapter 1 Diagrams . Anatomy & Physiology H. Figure 1.2a  The body’s organ systems. . Forms the external body covering; protects deeper tissue from injury; synthesizes vitamin D; location of cutaneous (pain, pressure, etc.) receptors and sweat and oil glands.

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Chapter 1 Diagrams

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Chapter 1 diagrams

Chapter 1 Diagrams

Anatomy & Physiology H


Figure 1 2a the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2a  The body’s organ systems.

Forms the external body covering;

protects deeper tissue from injury;

synthesizes vitamin D; location of

cutaneous (pain, pressure, etc.)

receptors and sweat and oil glands.


Figure 1 2b the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2b  The body’s organ systems.

Protects and supports body organs;

provides a framework the muscles use

to cause movement; blood cells are

formed within bones; stores minerals.


Figure 1 2c the body s organ systems c muscular system

Figure 1.2c  The body’s organ systems. (c) Muscular System.

Allows manipulation of the environment,

locomotion, and facial expression;

maintains posture; produces heat.


Figure 1 2d the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2d  The body’s organ systems.

Fast-acting control system of the

body; responds to internal and

external changes by activating

appropriate muscles and glands.


Figure 1 2e the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2e  The body’s organ systems.

Glands secrete hormones that

regulate processes such as growth,

reproduction, and nutrient use

(metabolism) by body cells.


Figure 1 2f the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2f  The body’s organ systems.

Blood vessels transport blood, which

carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients,

wastes, etc.; the heart pumps blood.


Figure 1 2g the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2g  The body’s organ systems.

Picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels

and returns it to blood; disposes of

debris in the lymphatic stream; houses

white blood cells involved in immunity.


Figure 1 2h the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2h  The body’s organ systems.

Keeps blood constantly supplied with

oxygen and removes carbon dioxide;

the gaseous exchanges occur through

the walls of the air sacs of the lungs.


Figure 1 2i the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2i  The body’s organ systems.

Breaks food down into absorbable

units that enter the blood for

distribution to body cells; indigestible

foodstuffs are eliminated as feces.


Figure 1 2j the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2j  The body’s organ systems.

Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from

the body; regulates water, electrolyte,

and acid-base balance of the blood.


Figure 1 2k the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2k  The body’s organ systems.

Overall function of the reproductive system is

production of offspring. Testes produce sperm and

male sex hormone; ducts and glands aid in delivery

of viable sperm to the female reproductive tract.


Figure 1 2l the body s organ systems

Figure 1.2l  The body’s organ systems.

Overall function of the reproductive system is production of

offspring. Ovaries produce eggs and female sex hormones;

remaining structures serve as sites for fertilization and

development of the fetus. Mammary glands of female breast

produce milk to nourish the newborn.


Figure 1 5a surface anatomy regional terms a anterior ventral

Figure 1.5a  Surface anatomy: Regional terms. (a) Anterior/Ventral.

l

Key:

= Thorax

= Abdomen

= Back (Dorsum)

(a) Anterior/Ventral


Figure 1 5b surface anatomy regional terms b posterior dorsal

Figure 1.5b  Surface anatomy: Regional terms. (b) Posterior/Dorsal.

Key:

= Thorax

= Abdomen

= Back (Dorsum)

(b) Posterior/Dorsal


Figure 1 7 body cavities

Figure 1.7  Body cavities.

KEY:


Figure 1 8a abdominopelvic surface and cavity a the four quadrants

Figure 1.8a  Abdominopelvic surface and cavity. (a) The four quadrants.

(a)


Figure 1 8b abdominopelvic surface and cavity b nine regions delineated by four planes

Figure 1.8b  Abdominopelvic surface and cavity. (b) Nine regions delineated by four planes.

(b)


Body planes and sections

Body Planes and Sections


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