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China and Japan. 11-18 to 11-20. China and the Ming Dynasty. 1368-1644 Dominant power in Asia Other Asian countries paid tribute to China China wanted Europeans to do the same. China and the Ming Dynasty. Hongwu drove the Mughals out of China

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China and Japan

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China and japan

China and Japan

11-18 to 11-20


China and the ming dynasty

China and the Ming Dynasty

1368-1644

Dominant power in Asia

Other Asian countries paid tribute to China

China wanted Europeans to do the same


China and the ming dynasty1

China and the Ming Dynasty

Hongwu drove the Mughals out of China

Hongwu created agricultural reforms, erased Mongol traces in China, promote China’s power and prosperity

Lead to increased rice production and irrigation system

Brought back Confucian moral standards

Merit based civil-service examination

However, suspects of plots against him lead to him killing thousands of officials


China and the ming dynasty2

China and the Ming Dynasty

Yonglo gained power and sought the outside world

Launched 7 voyages led by Zheng He (Jung Huh)

Large voyages through Southern and Eastern Asia

Floating Cities

Gave gifts to other countries to show Chinese Superiority

1433 – China retreated into Isolation


Chinese foreign relations

Chinese Foreign Relations

Keep outsider influence to a minimum.

Restrictions on foreign trade – only government could trade at 3 coastal ports

Many other merchants began to smuggle goods to European Merchants


China and qing dynasty

China and Qing Dynasty

1644 – Manchus – Manchurian people invaded China and Ming dynasty collapsed

Rebellions at first, but Manchurians upheld Chinese traditions which lead to gaining of respect

Lowered taxes, supported intellectuals

Continued isolation


Foreign relations continued

Foreign Relations Continued

If Europeans wanted to trade with China they would have to follow China’s rules

Pay tribute and only trade a certain ports

Dutch accepted, Britain did not

China made it clear they did not need the support of Europeans

“There is nothing we lack, as your principal envoy and others have themselves observed. We have never set much store on strange or ingenious objects, no do we need any more of your country’s manufactures.” Qian-Long


Life under the ming and qing

Life under the Ming and Qing

Valued sons – many girl babies were killed

Only sons could conduct religious rituals and sons would have family under parents roof which aided in farming (largely agricultural based economy)


Japan

Japan

1467-1568 – Sengoku – “Warring Period”

Daimyo: samurai warriors became overlords for Japanese feudalism

created security for peasants and merchants

Oda Nobunaga and others daimyo’s wanted to gain enough power to control all of Japan

he was unable to unify Japan and committed “seppuku” a ritual suicide of the samurai


Japan1

Japan

Tokugawa successfully unified Japan in 1600

Became the shogun or sole ruler

Moved capital to Edo (now Tokyo)

Local areas still ruled by Daimyo so Tokugawa required to spend every other year in the capital.

When they left, they had to leave their family in Edo as hostages


Japan and europe

Japan and Europe

Japanese welcomed traders and missionaries

Portugal: brought goods from Europe (clocks, eyeglasses, firearms) that the Japanese has never seen

Daimyo wanted weapons

Missionaries were accepted because Japanese linked them with weapons and goods


Closed country policy

Closed Country Policy

Missionaries were devaluing traditional Japanese beliefs

Religious uprisings were occurring

1637 – 30,000 peasants revolted, many where Christian

Led to persecution of Christians and lead to sealing of borders in 1639

All trade and contact was cut off except in Nagasaki.

Japanese were not permitted to leave the country

Remained in isolation for more than 200 years


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