Knee outline
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Knee Outline. Designed to Provide Stability Provide Mobility. Knee . Femur Longest and the strongest Patella Sesamoid = bone within tendon, shock absorption Tibia Primary weight bearing bone in lower leg Fibula Bears no weight, attachment site for muscles Gives stability to ankle.

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Presentation Transcript

Knee


Bones

  • Femur

    • Longest and the strongest

  • Patella

    • Sesamoid = bone within tendon, shock absorption

  • Tibia

    • Primary weight bearing bone in lower leg

  • Fibula

    • Bears no weight, attachment site for muscles

    • Gives stability to ankle

Bones


Ligaments

  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)

    • Protects from medial displacement

  • Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)

    • Protects from lateral displacement

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)

    • Most frequently ruptured, protects from anterior tibia motion

    • Originates on anterior tibial plateau, and on posterior femur

  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)

    • Protects from posterior displacement

Ligaments


Cartilage

Cartilage


Muscles

  • Anterior Thigh

    • Quadriceps

    • Knee Extensors (4)

  • Posterior Thigh

    • Hamstrings

    • Knee Flexors (3)

Muscles


Muscles1

  • Medial Thigh

    • Groin

    • Leg Adductors (3)

  • Lateral Thigh

    • Tensor Fascia Latae

    • Leg Abductors

  • Lower Leg

    • Gastrocnemius, soleus

    • Knee Flexors

Muscles


Palpations

  • Quadriceps

  • Hamstrings

  • MCL

  • LCL

  • Medial & Lateral Borders of Patella

  • Medial & Lateral Joint Line

  • Patellar Tendon

  • TibialTuberosity

  • Grastrocnemius

  • PCL

  • ACL

  • PesAnserinus Insertion

Palpations


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