Office safety hazard recognition
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OFFICE SAFETY: HAZARD RECOGNITION PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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OFFICE SAFETY: HAZARD RECOGNITION. GETTING FROM THE CAR TO THE OFFICE. THE DANGERS OF GETTING FROM THE CAR TO THE OFFICE……. Bad weather conditions. Potholes & cracks. Uneven surfaces, sidewalks & drop offs. (heels, sandals) Unmarked speed bumps, elevation bumpers

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OFFICE SAFETY: HAZARD RECOGNITION

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Office safety hazard recognition

OFFICE SAFETY: HAZARD RECOGNITION


Getting from the car to the office

GETTING FROM THE CAR TO THE OFFICE


The dangers of getting from the car to the office

THE DANGERS OF GETTING FROM THE CAR TO THE OFFICE……

  • Bad weather conditions.

  • Potholes & cracks.

  • Uneven surfaces, sidewalks & drop offs. (heels, sandals)

  • Unmarked speed bumps, elevation bumpers

  • Slip resistant strips treatment


Common office hazards

COMMON OFFICE HAZARDS


Office safety leading types of disabling accidents

OFFICE SAFETY…….Leading Types of Disabling Accidents

  • It is estimated that office workers sustain 76,000 fractures, dislocations, sprains, strains, and contusions each year. The leading types of disabling accidents that occur within the office are:

  • Falls ….35%

  • Strains and over-exertion…..23%

  • Struck by or striking objects …..18%

  • Caught in or between objects. …….10%

  • In addition, office workers are also injured as a result of foreign substances in the eye, spilled hot liquids, burns from fire, and electric shock.In recent years, illness has increased among the office worker population. This may be attributed, in part, to the increased presence of environmental toxins within the office and to stress-producing factors associated with the automated office. Resulting illnesses may include respiratory problems, skin diseases, and stress-related conditions.


Tripping hazards

TRIPPING HAZARDS…

  • CLUTTER

  • DEBRIS IN AISLES

  • WALKWAYS

  • WORK AREAS


Housekeeping controls

HOUSEKEEPING CONTROLS

  • Cord covers for electrical wires.

  • Keep machines away from corners

  • Clean up spills ASAP

  • Use signage for hazards

  • Regularly inspect or replace (carpet)


Osha musts

OSHA MUSTS…..

DEVELOP & IMPLEMENT ACTON PLANS FOR:

  • FIRE

  • WORKPLACE VIOLENCE

  • CHEMICAL RELEASES

    NOT LIMITED TO JUST THESE 3 BUT OSHA DEMANDS THESE 3.


Fire hazards

FIRE HAZARDS

Some common types of combustible materials found in industry are:

  • Wood

  • Cloth

  • Plastics

  • Fuels

  • Paints

  • Solvents

  • Cleaning fluids

  • Hydraulic fluids


Ignition sources

Ignition Sources:

All forms and types of energy can be considered a potential ignition source. Some frequent types of ignition sources found in industry are:

  • Open flames

  • Electrical wiring / devices

  • Smoking

  • Heat sources / Hot surfaces

  • Welding and cutting

  • Friction

  • Sparks and Arcs

  • Static sparks

  • Chemical reactions

  • Gas Compression


Building hazards

Building Hazards:

Fire can spread rapidly through a building. Fires can travel horizontally and vertically.


Listed below are examples of how fire can travel throughout a building

Horizontal Travel

Doorways

Hallways

Ceiling spaces

Floor spaces

Utility openings

Conveyor shafts

Vertical TravelStairways

Elevator shafts

Material shafts

Utility openings

Conveyor shafts

Listed below are examples of how fire can travel throughout a building:


Personnel hazards

Personnel Hazards:

The primary fire hazards to personnel are escape routes to safety. The following considerations must be examined in determining the best methods of escape:

  • Travel distance to an exit

  • Illumination of exiting paths

  • Number and arrangement of exits

  • Identification of exits

  • Exit pathways

  • Exit doors

  • Exit capacities

  • Stairwells


Workplace violence

WORKPLACE VIOLENCE

Violence is a potential hazard in all workplaces, and an everyday hazard in some occupations.

The source of violence can be strangers, clients, significant others of coworkers, or co-workers themselves. Threats or other precursors to violence must be reported and addressed. Physical security of the office should be evaluated, with reasonable precautions taken, such as lighted parking areas, secured entrances, and other measures as appropriate.

Preplanning for violence prevention and training should take place.


Materials storage hazards 1910n pg259

MATERIALS STORAGE HAZARDS…1910N pg259

  • FALLING ON WORKERS, FIRES, ROOM VISIBILTY, STORE HEAVY ITEMS IN THE MIDDLE OF SHELVES

  • DEFECTIVE CHAIRS, DESKS, FILE CABINETS, MISUSE OF FURNITURE

  • CONDITION OF..

  • SHARP EDGES


Ergonomics

ERGONOMICS……

  • POSTURE

  • LIGHTING

  • POSITIONING

  • CHAIR HEIGHT

  • PRINT/FONT

  • SCREEN DESIGN

  • KEYBOARD

  • POSITIONING


Noise

NOISE…………

In an office, workers can be subjected to many noise sources, such as:

  • Video display terminals

  • High-speed printers

  • Telephones

  • Human voices.

  • Radios

  • Equipment/machinery


Office safety hazard recognition

Noise can produce tension and stress, as well as damage to hearing. Some of the numerous measures available to control unwanted noise include:

  • Place noisy machines in an enclosed space

  • Use carpeting, draperies, and acoustical ceiling tiles to muffle noise

  • Adjust telephone volume to its lowest level

  • Rearrange traffic routes within the office to reduce traffic within and between work areas.


Electrical hazards

ELECTRICAL HAZARDS

Electrical accidents in an office usually occur as a result of faulty or defective equipment, unsafe installation, or misuse of equipment.

  • Equipment must be properly grounded to prevent shock injuries

  • A sufficient number of outlets will prevent circuit overloading

  • Avoid the use of poorly maintained or non-approved equipment

  • Cords should not be dragged over nails, hooks, or other sharp objects

  • Receptacles should be installed and electric equipment maintained so that no live parts are exposed

  • Machines should be disconnected before cleaning or adjusting.


Office tools equipment

OFFICE TOOLS/EQUIPMENT

  • Paper cutters - Keep blade closed when not in use. A guard should be provided and fingers should be kept clear

  • Staplers - Always use a staple remover. Never test a jammed stapler with your thumb

  • Pencils, pens, scissors, etc. - Store sharp objects in a drawer or with the point down. Never hand someone a sharp object point first.


Environmental controls

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS

  • AIR POLLUTION..NATURAL (MOLD, SPORES) SYNTHETIC (CLEANERS,AMONIA)

  • VENTILLATION..DELIVERS GOOD AIR QUALITY, PROVIDES COMFORTABLE HUMIDTY & TEMP.

  • ILLUMINATION…LIGHTING PROBLEMS, GLARE, EYESTRAIN, FATIGUE, DOUBLE VISION, POOR LIGHTING…ALL CAN CAUSE ACCIDENTS

  • NOISE SOURCES…PHONE, CELLS, VOICES, ETC.

    ***CAN CAUSE STRESS, TENSION, DAMAGED HEARING, ETC.


The cost

THE COST $$$$$

  • PAIN & SUFFERING, LOST WAGES, DISABILTY, REDUCED QUALITY OF LIFE, DEPRESSION

  • LOSS OF PRODUCTIVITY & BUSINESS, INCREASED INSURANCE PREMIUM, TRAINING COSTS, REPLACEMENT OF WORKERS & THE SUBSEQUENT TRAINING OF REPLACEMENTS.


Slip trips falls

SLIP, TRIPS & FALLS

  • MAKE UP THE MOST OF GENERAL INDUSTRY ACCIDENTS.

  • 15% OF ALL ACCIDENTAL DEATHS…2ND TO MOTOR VEHICLES

  • MOST AFFECTED: KNEE, WRIST, ANKLE, FOOT, BACK, SHOULDER, HIP & HEAD


Stairway safety

STAIRWAY SAFETY

  • 2.5 MILLION FALLS ON STAIRS RESULT IN 2 MILLION INJURYS.

  • HAZARDS: VARYING RISE, SHALLOW TREAD DEPTH, TALL/SHORT

  • APPLY SLIP RESISTANT COATING, STRIPS, HIGHLIGHT-MARK THE EDGES, CONFUSING BOTTOM STEP W/FLOOR IS COMMON, DON’T RUSH UP STAIRS, USE HANDRAILS

  • **** MOST HOTEL POLICIES STATE ALL EMPLOYEES HAVE TO USE THE HANDRAILS WHEN USING STAIRS.


Summary

SUMMARY………

DESIGN SAFETY INTO OFFICE LAYOUTS, USE OFFICE EQUIPMENT & TOOLS PROPERLY.


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