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Minimizing Accidents & Injuries On and Off the Job. Responsibility/ Accountability. Productivity. Using The Hazard Recognition Approach To Accident Prevention. HAZARD RECOGNITION.

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Minimizing accidents injuries on and off the job l.jpg

Minimizing Accidents & InjuriesOn and Off the Job

Responsibility/

Accountability

Productivity

Using The Hazard Recognition Approach To Accident Prevention


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HAZARD RECOGNITION

The systematic observation and identification of unsafe conditions, at-risk behaviors and underlying management system weaknesses that if permitted to continue may lead to employee injury or illness.


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Hazard Recognition/Assessment

  • Stimulate Safety Awareness

  • Intended to Change Employees Overall Work Behavior

  • Trigger Mechanism To Identify All Potential Hazards On A Job Prior To Beginning Work On That Job

  • Positive Intervention & Feedback


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LEARNING OBJECTIVES

  • Provide practical knowledge of Principles of Hazard Recognition

    • Increase awareness & observation skills

    • Help integrate into daily management & leadership activities

  • Create opportunity to apply positive intervention and feedback skills, by focusing on and identifying workplace hazards.

  • Provide value-added observations &

  • Suggestions to enhance facility safety effort

  • Understanding the importance of Controlled Energy State, by defining it, how to apply it, and what forms of energy to look for.


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The Intent of Hazard Recognition/Assessment is for everyone to have adequate knowledge of the Potential Hazards of the work and work location in order to perform the job as safely as possible!!


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With the emphasis on Safety at Austin Industrial, people generally know both what to do and what not to do regarding their safety. Yet, with all of this knowledge of rules and regulations and safety do’s and don’ts, PEOPLE ARE STILL GETTING HURT!!


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HAZARD RECOGNITION is one element of a comprehensive approach to safety and health. To be effective, HAZARD RECOGNITION should be implemented along with the other key elements of safety and health management.


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Hazard Recognition / Assessment

  • Procedure To Review Job Methods and Uncover Hazards

  • Four Steps:

    • Select The Job

    • Break The Job Down into smaller tasks

    • Identify Hazards and Potential Accidents

    • Develop Solutions


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Safety Process Subsystems

Behavior

Activity Measures

Employee Participation

Personal Actions

Rewards & Recognition

Safe Work

Environment

OSHA Compliance

Engineering Controls

Traditional Safety

Management

Objective Setting

Accountability & Roles

Resource Provision


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Processes / Programs Necessary for Safety Excellence

Management

Defined Roles,Responsibilities and Accountability for all levels

Incident Investigation

Case Management

Communication


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Safety Subsystems:Behavior

Personal Safety Activities

Behavior

Activity Measures

Employee Participation

Personal Actions

Behavioral Accident Prevention

Job Safety Assessments

Hazard Recognition

Site Safety Councils

Site Safety Activities


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Processes / Programs necessary for Safety Excellence

Behavioral

Behavioral Accident Prevention / Intervention Process


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Behavior Subsystem

  • Behavioral Observation Programs

    • Identifies and addresses unsafe behaviors before an incident occurs

    • Positive Intervention & Feedback

    • Committed employees

  • Job Safety Assessment Programs

    • Identifies and addresses hazards related to performing a task

    • Hazards addressed before an incident occurs

    • Committed employees


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  • Positive Intervention

    • Immediate (Question what doesn’t seem right)

    • Soon, Certain and Positive--Strongest

    • Must stop unsafe behavior

    • Encourage and reinforce safe / desired behavior

    • Talk with people

    • Role model


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Safety Subsystems: Safe Workplace

HSE Management Control Process

Safe Workplace

OSHA Compliance

Engineering Controls

Traditional Workplace

Safety

Safety Program Reviews

Incident Investigation/

Incident Management System

Client HSE Requirements

Case Management

Safe Work Permit


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Regulatory Requirements

Noise

Energy Isolation (lockout/tagout)

Process safety management

Confined Space

Fall Protection

Crane safety

Welding Operations

Client Processes

Etc.

Safe Work Environment Subsystem


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PROACTIVE SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Proactive Safety Management measures progress

by % Safe Behavior not by accident rates

Fatalities

Lost-time

Accidents

Reactive

Safety

Management

OSHA

Recordables

First Aid

PROACTIVE

Safety

Management

BEHAVIOR


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Fatalities

Lost-Time Accidents

Recordable Accidents

First Aid Accidents

Unsafe Behaviors

How to Measure Safety Performance?

Where to Focus Safety Efforts?


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Austin Industrial Safety Cycle

Action

Action

Upper Limit

Recordable

Rate

Lower Limit

Withdrawal


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What Is Safety?


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Safety: Is a function of Accountability / Responsibility


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Safety Is :

Accountability: Stop accepting accidents as a cost of doing business and as uncontrollable events characteristic of the hazards of daily activity. People fail to recognize potential, assume it won’t happen to them, believe taking shortcuts (risks) is justified by success. And as a result someone gets injured.


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TYPES OF HAZARDS

  • BEHAVIORAL

  • PHYSICAL

  • CHEMICAL

  • BIOLOGICAL


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TYPES OF HAZARDS

  • Behavioral

    • Acts of People


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BEHAVIORAL HAZARDS - PEOPLE FACTORS

  • KEY AT-RISK BEHAVIORS

    • Failure to follow safety rules & procedures

    • Working in an unsafe position or posture

    • Failure to wear proper PPE

    • Using defective tools or equipment

    • Removing or making safety devices inoperable

    • Opening piping, vessels etc. without assuring safe condition

    • Operating or using equipment without proper training or authority


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PHYSICAL HAZARDS

  • Inadequate Machinery Guarding

  • Exposed Electrical Wiring

  • Inadequate Lighting

  • Defective Hand Tools

  • Unsafe Working or Walking Surfaces

  • Improper Job Task or Workplace Design


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MATERIALS

  • Storage

  • Chemical / Fuels

    • Compressed Gases


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EQUIPMENT

  • Hand / Portable Tools

  • Machine Tools Guarding

  • Lifting Equipment

  • Pressure / Reaction Vessels

  • Power Tools

  • Electrical


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LOCK-OUT SYSTEMS

  • Energy Isolation systems

  • Signs / Tags


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HAZARDOUS WORK

  • Confined Space

  • Fork / Lift Truck

  • Hydroblasting (high pressure water cleaning)

  • Excavation / Trenching

  • Crane Operations

  • Elevated Work


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TYPES OF HAZARDS

  • Chemical

    • Inhalation exposures

    • Acid burns to skin

    • Chemical splash to eyes


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TYPES OF HAZARDS

  • Biological

    • Exposure to bloodborne pathogens


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The first minute in an area concentrate entirely on the actions of the people in the work area and ask yourself three questions:

1) Are they doing the job right?

  • Right from safety and health standpoint

    2) Could they get injured or cause

    damage to property?

    3) Does anything look different, out

    of place?


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Preparation for Inspections

  • Consider:

    • What is to be Reviewed?

    • Who is going to perform?

    • Who is responsible to act on information?

    • Have people involved been trained

    • Are checklists available?

    • How often?


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GENERAL WORKPLACE CONDITIONS“Where To Look”“What To Look For”

Facilities

  • Floors (Walking & Working Surfaces)

  • Platforms / Scaffolds

  • Ladders

  • Stairs

  • Ventilation

  • Lighting

  • Ergonomic Factors


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  • Observation Techniques

    • Factual observation (what you see is probably not what you “thought” you saw)

    • First minute --- Best picture of reality

    • Observe behavior and people

    • Looks Like Duck--Quacks Like Duck--Probably is a Duck


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Traditional safety strategies, including protective equipment, job redesign, procedures, campaigns, motivational programs and awards--although they have had success in reducing accidents and injuries in the past--have been yielding diminishing returns. Improved strategies will continue to only marginally increase occupational safety and health.


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A greater effect may be achieved by directly addressing personal risk behaviors. To begin, we asked the following question: WHICH BASIC HUMAN BEHAVIORS, IF EFFECTIVELY MANAGED, WILL SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE WORKPLACE ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES?


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Purpose of Hazard Recognition Process

To make participants aware of their role and responsibility for the safety of themselves, each other, in order to empower them to reduce the number and severity of accidents and injuries on and off the job.


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Benefits of Hazard Recognition

  • As a result of Hazard Recognition, employees will be able to:

    • Minimize the number and severity of accidents and injuries on and off the job

    • Understand the role of personal risk behaviors as primary causes of accidents and injuries

    • Distinguish between personal responsibility and company responsibility

    • Be responsible and accountable for the safety of themselves and others


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Benefits (cont’d)

  • Increase safety awareness for themselves and others

  • Discover an effective technology for accident and injury prevention

  • Reduce stress


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Benefits (cont’d)

  • Learn the skills to manage others for appropriate safety behavior

  • Bring forth their personal commitment to everyone’s safety


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Man + Machine + Uncontrolled Energy Release = Accident***

Energy Source

Gravity

Chemical

Thermal

Residual Stored

Pneumatic

Hydraulic

Pressurized Liquids / Gases

Mechanical

Associated Hazards

Accident

Triangle

Man

Machine

***Removing one element or creating effective barriers

will reduce risk of having accident.


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SOURCES OF ENERGY

  • Electrical

  • Mechanical

  • Hydraulic

  • Pneumatic

  • Thermal

  • Residual Stored

  • Gravity

  • Pressurized Liquids / Gases

  • Chemicals


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RECOGNIZE AND CORRECT HAZARDS.


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Chemicals must be stored in a safe and orderly condition.


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Appropriate storage cabinets and rooms must be provided for storage of flammable materials.

Proper flammable storage cabinet.

Proper outdoor flammable storage

room.


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Tanks, drums and containers of flammable materials must be properly bonded and grounded during dispensing.

Bonding and grounding straps.

No bonding or grounding straps

for flammable dispensing.


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Incompatible materials must be separated to avoid adverse chemical reactions.

Proper signage for incompatible

materials.

Improper storage of incompatible

oxygen and acetylene.


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CHEMICALS

Adequate number of waste containers must be available and properly stored for waste disposal.

Proper flammable waste can.

Proper waste staging.


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Compressed gas cylinders must be stored upright and secured to prevent falling over.

Properly secured cylinders.

Improper cylinder segregation

Improperly secured cylinders.


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Cylinders must be segregated by content and hazard.

Proper flammable cylinder

segregation.

Improper cylinder segregation.


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Cylinders must be stored with the caps in place when not in use.

Cylinder caps properly in place.

Missing cylinder caps.

Cylinders not secured


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Electrical control panels must be accessible with free and ready access.

Blocked access to circuit breaker box.

Poor access to disconnects.


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Electrical control panels must be accessible with free and ready access.

Good access to electrical panels.

Good access to electrical panels.


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Electrical control panels, junction boxes and switches must be free of openings into internal electrical components.

Missing cover on junction box.

Exposed wiring into motor housing.


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Electrical components must be protected from environmental and workplace conditions.

Acid corroded electrical disconnect.

Water corroded electrical enclosure.


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Multiple outlet electrical boxes (designed for mounting) must not be used as extension cords.

Improper and damaged extension

cord.

Improper and damaged extension

cords.


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Multiple outlet power strips must be used within their capacity and not as permanent replacements for fixed outlets.

Improper use of power strip as

fixed outlet.

Improper use of power strip.


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Flexible electrical cords must be maintained away from wet location.

Unprotected flexible extension cord

used in wet location.

Flexible extension cord used

in potentially wet location.


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Portable ladders must be properly secured and on firm level ground.

All Portable Ladders:

-Securely positioned on

the ground.

Extension Ladders:

-Extend sufficiently over

the landing platform (3ft.)

-Secured at the top during

use.

Unstable ground support for

extension ladder.


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Compressed air must only be used for cleaning equipment and not the employee’s body.

Improper use of compressed air to

clean the employee.

Proper use of compressed air to

clean equipment.


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Conveyors must be provided with safe means for crossing over or under.

Improper crossing over conveyor.

Proper bridge crossing under

conveyor.


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Abrasive wheel grinders must have appropriately adjusted tool rests and tongue guards.

TOUNGE GUARD ¼”

TOOL/WORK REST 1/8”

Properly adjusted grinder guard.


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Abrasive wheel grinders must have appropriately adjusted tool rests and tongue guards.

Tool rest improperly adjusted.

No tool rest, tongue guard or

side guard.


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Material stored in racks must be stable and securely positioned.

Unstable storage of materials.

Unstable storage of materials.


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Wheel chocks must be provided and utilized by trucks and vehicles during loading and unloading.

Failure to use wheel chock.

Properly used wheel chock.


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Fall Hazards

Work on top of a railcar.

Work on internal building

structures.


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Fall Hazards

Work on unguarded roof.

Work on top of equipment.


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Full body harnesses must be worn in all fall hazard situations with the potential for free fall.

Full Body Harness

Use of body belt not acceptable.


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