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Ceramics. Please get out notebook paper and set up Cornell Notes. Clay. A natural material found in the earth. Is moldable when wet. Becomes hard and durable when fired in a kiln. Firing. A kiln is the oven used to fire clay. Originally a hole in the ground.

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Ceramics

Ceramics

Please get out notebook paper and set up Cornell Notes


Clay

  • A natural material found in the earth.

  • Is moldable when wet.

  • Becomes hard and durable when fired in a kiln.


Firing
Firing

  • A kiln is the oven used to fire clay.

    • Originally a hole in the ground.

  • Greeneware is unfired, dry clay.

  • Bisque fire to become solid, like stone.

  • Glaze fire to add glossy, colorful glass surface.


History
History

24,000 B.C.

  • Ceramic figurines used for ceremonial purposes

    14,000 B.C.

  • First tiles made in Mesopotamia and India

    9000-10,000 B.C.

  • Pottery making begins

    5000-8000 B.C.

  • Glazes discovered in Egypt


Glazing
Glazing

  • Do NOT glaze the bottom, leave a space NEAR the bottom (this accounts for dripping).

  • Do NOT mix glazes!

  • Put at least 3 coats of glaze over the whole piece.


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