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The Renaissance. 1300-1500. Terms, People, and Places to Know. Humanism Patron Humanities Perspective Petrarch Leonardo da Vinci Florence Michelangelo Raphael Baladassare Castiglione Niccolo Machiavelli. A New Age. Expression in thought Remarkable artist and thinkers

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terms people and places to know
Terms, People, and Places to Know
  • Humanism Patron
  • Humanities Perspective
  • Petrarch Leonardo da Vinci
  • Florence Michelangelo
  • Raphael Baladassare Castiglione
  • Niccolo Machiavelli
a new age
A New Age
  • Expression in thought
  • Remarkable artist and thinkers
  • Renaissance means “rebirth”
  • 1300’s-1500s
renaissance
Renaissance
  • Time of creativity and great change
  • Change in politics, social, economics and culture
  • Agricultural society to urban society
  • Trade is more important now
  • Reawakened interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome.
  • Latin was the language of the church
  • Renaissance thinkers explored the richness and variety of human experience in the here and now.
  • Individual achievement
  • Renaissance Man: someone who was talented in many fields.
expressing humanism
Expressing Humanism
  • Intellectual movement known as humanism.
  • Studied classical culture of Greece and Rome.
  • Focus more on worldly objects and not religious issues.
  • Education should stimulate the individuals creative powers.
  • Humanities: grammar, rhetoric, poetry and history.
  • Francesco Petrarch (PEE trahrk), Florentine who lived in the 1300’s, was a humanist, poet, and scholar. He is known as the father of Humanism.
checkpoint
CheckPoint
  • What were the main characteristics of the Renaissance?
italy
Italy
  • Renaissance began in Italy.
  • Italy was the center for the Roman Empire so the reawakening took place here.
  • Architectural remains, statues, and coins were all available for people to study.
  • Rome was also the seat of the Roman Catholic Church-patron of the arts-and as the center of Catholicism Rome also served as an inspiration for religious themes used by artist and writers.
location of italy
Location of Italy
  • Encouraged Trade
  • Extensive banking, manufacturing, and merchant workers developed to support trade.
city states
City States
  • Italy was divided into many small city states.
  • Each city state was controlled by a powerful family and was dominated by wealthy and powerful merchant class.
medici family
Medici Family
  • Medici family of Florence was the richest merchants and bankers in Europe.
  • Cosimo de’ Medici gained control of the Floretine government in 1434. Lorenzo, grandson of Cosimo, is known as “the Magnificent” was a clever politician. He was also a generous patron of the arts.
  • Patron of the arts: financial supporter.
  • Florence came to symbolize the energy and brilliance of the Italian Renaissance.
checkpoint1
CheckPoint
  • Why was Italy a favorable setting for the Renaissance?
renaissance art
Renaissance Art
  • Renaissance art reflected the ideas of humanism.
  • Portrayed religious themes-however they often set religious figures such as Jesus and Mary against classical Greek or Roman backgrounds.
  • Portraits: individual achievement
  • Sculptor Donatello created a life size statue of a soldier on horse back. First time any figure like this was done.
techniques
Techniques
  • Realism
  • Perspective: allowed artist to create realistic art
  • 3 Dimensional
  • Shading
  • New oil paints to reflect light
  • Studied human anatomy
  • Drew while observing live models
social art
Social Art
  • Architecture
  • Meant to blend beauty with utility and improvement of society.
  • Columns, arches, domes
leonardo da vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Curious
  • Sketches of nature and models
  • Dissected corpses to learn how bones and muscles work.
  • Mona Lisa
  • The Last Supper (experimented with new paint)
  • Artist
  • Botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture, and engineering
  • Flying machines, undersea boats
michelangelo
Michelangelo
  • Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, and poet
  • Melancholy Genius: b/c of his work reflecting his many life long spiritual and artistic struggle.
  • David, Pieta (captures the sorrow of the Biblical Mary as she cradles her dead son Jesus on her knees).
  • Sistine Chapel
sistine chapel
Sistine Chapel
  • 4 years to complete
  • Partially crippled
  • Depicted the biblical history of the world from the creation to the flood.
  • Dome of St. Peters Cathedral in Rome.
raphael
Raphael
  • Had his own style that blended Christian and classical styles.
  • Madonna, Mother of Jesus
  • The School of Athens ( Raphael pictured an imaginary gathering of great thinkers and scientist, including Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and the Arab philosopher Averroes. Also included are the greatest artist of the time: Michelangelo, Leonardo, and Raphael.)
checkpoint2
Checkpoint
  • How were Renaissance ideals reflected in the arts?
writing
Writing
  • Castiglione
  • Most widely read handbook was The Book of the Courtier.
  • Baldassare Castiglione: describes the manners, skills, learning, and virtues that a member of the court should have.
  • Was educated, well mannered and a master in many fields from poetry to music to sports.
castiglione
Castiglione

Men

Women

Offers a balance to men

She is graceful and kind

Lively but reserved

She is beautiful, “for outer beauty is the true sign of inner goodness.”

  • Athletic but not overactive
  • Good at games but not a gambler
  • Plays a musical instrument
  • Knows literature and history but is not arrogant.
machiavelli s prince
Machiavelli’s Prince
  • Niccolo Machiavelli wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power. He did not discuss leadership in terms of high ideals like those before him.
  • The Prince looked real rulers in an age of ruthless power politics. The end justifies the means.
  • Use whatever methods were necessary to achieve their goals.
  • Deceit in politics is now referred to as “Machiavellian tactics.”
checkpoint3
Checkpoint
  • How did Renaissance writings express realism?
the renaissance in the north
The Renaissance in the North
  • Terms, People, and Places:
  • Johann Gutenberg Erasmus
  • Flanders Thomas More
  • Albrecht Durer Utopian
  • Engraving Shakespeare
  • Vernacular
printing revolution
Printing Revolution
  • 1455 Johann Gutenberg of Germany printed the 1st complete edition of the Bible using the printing press.
  • Before the PP only a few 1,000 books
  • By 1500 15-20 million volumes procedure
  • Cheaper and easier
  • More people learned to read.
  • Knowledge about medicine, law, and mining
  • Books exposed educated Europeans to new ideas and new places.
checkpoint4
Checkpoint
  • What was the impact of the printing press?
northern renaissance artists
Northern Renaissance artists
  • Began in the prosperous cities of Flanders, a region that included parts of present day northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
  • From here the Renaissance spread to Spain, France, Germany, and England.
flemish painters
Flemish Painters
  • Jan Van Eyck in the 1400’s was one of the most important Flemish painters.
  • Portrayed townspeople as well as religious scenes around rich, realistic detail.
  • 1500’s Pieter Brugel used vibrant colors to portray lively scenes of peasant life. Nickname: Peasant Bruegel.
  • Drew religious and classical themes but set them against common people back ground.
  • 1600s Peter Paul Rubens blended realistic traditions with classical themes and artistic freedom of the Italian Renaissance.
  • Knowledge of mythology, the bible, and classical history.
leonardo of the north
Leonardo of the North
  • German painter Albrecht Durer
  • Interested in many things like Leonardo which earned him the nickname Leonardo of the North.
  • Engraving
  • Portray religious upheaval
checkpoint5
Checkpoint
  • What themes did Northern Renaissance artist explore?
northern humanists and writers
Northern Humanists and Writers
  • Stressed education and classical learning to bring about religious and moral reform.
  • Many wrote in Latin
  • Many began writing in vernacular-everyday language of ordinary people.
erasmus
Erasmus
  • Dutch Priest
  • Born 1466
  • Important scholar of his day
  • Greek addition to the bible.
  • Translation of the bible.
  • Open minded, show good will toward others.
  • Disturbed by the corruption of the church.
sir thomas more
Sir Thomas More
  • Wanted social reform
  • Utopia: ideal society in which men and women live in peace and harmony.
  • All are educated
  • Justice is used to end crime not to get rid of the criminal.
shakespeare writes for all time
Shakespeare Writes for All Time
  • 1590-1613: he wrote 37 plays
  • Complexity of the individual and the importance of the classics.
  • Common language
  • 1,700 words appeared for the 1st time
checkpoint6
CheckPoint
  • What Renaissance ideas did Shakespeare’s work address?
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