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The Renaissance. 1300-1500. Terms, People, and Places to Know. Humanism Patron Humanities Perspective Petrarch Leonardo da Vinci Florence Michelangelo Raphael Baladassare Castiglione Niccolo Machiavelli. A New Age. Expression in thought Remarkable artist and thinkers

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The renaissance

The Renaissance


Terms people and places to know
Terms, People, and Places to Know

  • Humanism Patron

  • Humanities Perspective

  • Petrarch Leonardo da Vinci

  • Florence Michelangelo

  • Raphael Baladassare Castiglione

  • Niccolo Machiavelli

A new age
A New Age

  • Expression in thought

  • Remarkable artist and thinkers

  • Renaissance means “rebirth”

  • 1300’s-1500s


  • Time of creativity and great change

  • Change in politics, social, economics and culture

  • Agricultural society to urban society

  • Trade is more important now

  • Reawakened interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome.

  • Latin was the language of the church

  • Renaissance thinkers explored the richness and variety of human experience in the here and now.

  • Individual achievement

  • Renaissance Man: someone who was talented in many fields.

Expressing humanism
Expressing Humanism

  • Intellectual movement known as humanism.

  • Studied classical culture of Greece and Rome.

  • Focus more on worldly objects and not religious issues.

  • Education should stimulate the individuals creative powers.

  • Humanities: grammar, rhetoric, poetry and history.

  • Francesco Petrarch (PEE trahrk), Florentine who lived in the 1300’s, was a humanist, poet, and scholar. He is known as the father of Humanism.


  • What were the main characteristics of the Renaissance?


  • Renaissance began in Italy.

  • Italy was the center for the Roman Empire so the reawakening took place here.

  • Architectural remains, statues, and coins were all available for people to study.

  • Rome was also the seat of the Roman Catholic Church-patron of the arts-and as the center of Catholicism Rome also served as an inspiration for religious themes used by artist and writers.

Location of italy
Location of Italy

  • Encouraged Trade

  • Extensive banking, manufacturing, and merchant workers developed to support trade.

City states
City States

  • Italy was divided into many small city states.

  • Each city state was controlled by a powerful family and was dominated by wealthy and powerful merchant class.

Medici family
Medici Family

  • Medici family of Florence was the richest merchants and bankers in Europe.

  • Cosimo de’ Medici gained control of the Floretine government in 1434. Lorenzo, grandson of Cosimo, is known as “the Magnificent” was a clever politician. He was also a generous patron of the arts.

  • Patron of the arts: financial supporter.

  • Florence came to symbolize the energy and brilliance of the Italian Renaissance.


  • Why was Italy a favorable setting for the Renaissance?

Renaissance art
Renaissance Art

  • Renaissance art reflected the ideas of humanism.

  • Portrayed religious themes-however they often set religious figures such as Jesus and Mary against classical Greek or Roman backgrounds.

  • Portraits: individual achievement

  • Sculptor Donatello created a life size statue of a soldier on horse back. First time any figure like this was done.


  • Realism

  • Perspective: allowed artist to create realistic art

  • 3 Dimensional

  • Shading

  • New oil paints to reflect light

  • Studied human anatomy

  • Drew while observing live models

Social art
Social Art

  • Architecture

  • Meant to blend beauty with utility and improvement of society.

  • Columns, arches, domes

Leonardo da vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci

  • Curious

  • Sketches of nature and models

  • Dissected corpses to learn how bones and muscles work.

  • Mona Lisa

  • The Last Supper (experimented with new paint)

  • Artist

  • Botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture, and engineering

  • Flying machines, undersea boats


  • Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, and poet

  • Melancholy Genius: b/c of his work reflecting his many life long spiritual and artistic struggle.

  • David, Pieta (captures the sorrow of the Biblical Mary as she cradles her dead son Jesus on her knees).

  • Sistine Chapel

Sistine chapel
Sistine Chapel

  • 4 years to complete

  • Partially crippled

  • Depicted the biblical history of the world from the creation to the flood.

  • Dome of St. Peters Cathedral in Rome.


  • Had his own style that blended Christian and classical styles.

  • Madonna, Mother of Jesus

  • The School of Athens ( Raphael pictured an imaginary gathering of great thinkers and scientist, including Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and the Arab philosopher Averroes. Also included are the greatest artist of the time: Michelangelo, Leonardo, and Raphael.)


  • How were Renaissance ideals reflected in the arts?


  • Castiglione

  • Most widely read handbook was The Book of the Courtier.

  • Baldassare Castiglione: describes the manners, skills, learning, and virtues that a member of the court should have.

  • Was educated, well mannered and a master in many fields from poetry to music to sports.




Offers a balance to men

She is graceful and kind

Lively but reserved

She is beautiful, “for outer beauty is the true sign of inner goodness.”

  • Athletic but not overactive

  • Good at games but not a gambler

  • Plays a musical instrument

  • Knows literature and history but is not arrogant.

Machiavelli s prince
Machiavelli’s Prince

  • Niccolo Machiavelli wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power. He did not discuss leadership in terms of high ideals like those before him.

  • The Prince looked real rulers in an age of ruthless power politics. The end justifies the means.

  • Use whatever methods were necessary to achieve their goals.

  • Deceit in politics is now referred to as “Machiavellian tactics.”


  • How did Renaissance writings express realism?

The renaissance in the north
The Renaissance in the North

  • Terms, People, and Places:

  • Johann Gutenberg Erasmus

  • Flanders Thomas More

  • Albrecht Durer Utopian

  • Engraving Shakespeare

  • Vernacular

Printing revolution
Printing Revolution

  • 1455 Johann Gutenberg of Germany printed the 1st complete edition of the Bible using the printing press.

  • Before the PP only a few 1,000 books

  • By 1500 15-20 million volumes procedure

  • Cheaper and easier

  • More people learned to read.

  • Knowledge about medicine, law, and mining

  • Books exposed educated Europeans to new ideas and new places.


  • What was the impact of the printing press?

Northern renaissance artists
Northern Renaissance artists

  • Began in the prosperous cities of Flanders, a region that included parts of present day northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

  • From here the Renaissance spread to Spain, France, Germany, and England.

Flemish painters
Flemish Painters

  • Jan Van Eyck in the 1400’s was one of the most important Flemish painters.

  • Portrayed townspeople as well as religious scenes around rich, realistic detail.

  • 1500’s Pieter Brugel used vibrant colors to portray lively scenes of peasant life. Nickname: Peasant Bruegel.

  • Drew religious and classical themes but set them against common people back ground.

  • 1600s Peter Paul Rubens blended realistic traditions with classical themes and artistic freedom of the Italian Renaissance.

  • Knowledge of mythology, the bible, and classical history.

Leonardo of the north
Leonardo of the North

  • German painter Albrecht Durer

  • Interested in many things like Leonardo which earned him the nickname Leonardo of the North.

  • Engraving

  • Portray religious upheaval


  • What themes did Northern Renaissance artist explore?

Northern humanists and writers
Northern Humanists and Writers

  • Stressed education and classical learning to bring about religious and moral reform.

  • Many wrote in Latin

  • Many began writing in vernacular-everyday language of ordinary people.


  • Dutch Priest

  • Born 1466

  • Important scholar of his day

  • Greek addition to the bible.

  • Translation of the bible.

  • Open minded, show good will toward others.

  • Disturbed by the corruption of the church.

Sir thomas more
Sir Thomas More

  • Wanted social reform

  • Utopia: ideal society in which men and women live in peace and harmony.

  • All are educated

  • Justice is used to end crime not to get rid of the criminal.

Shakespeare writes for all time
Shakespeare Writes for All Time

  • 1590-1613: he wrote 37 plays

  • Complexity of the individual and the importance of the classics.

  • Common language

  • 1,700 words appeared for the 1st time


  • What Renaissance ideas did Shakespeare’s work address?