Transportation of hazardous chemicals
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Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chalermchai Chaikittiporn, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Thailand Conference on Chemical (Industrial) Disaster Management, Pipelines,Storages &Medical Preparedness Feb.11-13,2009 New,Delhi. Topics of Presentation.

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Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals

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Transportation of hazardous chemicals

Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chalermchai Chaikittiporn,

Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Thailand

Conference on Chemical (Industrial) Disaster Management, Pipelines,Storages &Medical Preparedness

Feb.11-13,2009 New,Delhi


Topics of presentation

Topics of Presentation

  • An Overview of International Regulations concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods

  • Adaptation/Trend of Thai Regulations and ASEAN Agreement concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods


Definition of dangerous goods

Definition of Dangerous Goods

When transporting Hazardous Chemicalswhich are classified to be “Dangerous for transport”into one of the total 9 classes based on the UN Classification Criteria,

these Hazardous Chemicals are called “Dangerous Goods”.

  • Dangerous Goodsare Substances and Cargo, which, based on their

    • nature,

    • properties, and behavior as well as

    • conditions,

  • may cause, during the transport, a Hazardin particular to

    • the public safety ,

    • the health of the people,

    • the damages and loss of the infrastructure and equipment, also

    • the negative effects and contamination to the environment


Transportation of hazardous chemicals

International Regulations

for Dangerous Goods Transport System

  • Multi-modal Transport: UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: a so-called “UN Model Regulations” or “Orange Book”

  • Road: The Restructured ADR of UNECE in Geneva,

  • Rail: The Restructured RID of OTIF in Bern,

  • Inland Waterways: The Restructured ADN of UNECE in Geneva,

  • Sea: IMDG Code of IMO in London,

  • Air: IATA-DGR ofICAO-TI of ICAO Montreal

System of Linkage

http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/danger.htm


Transportation of hazardous chemicals

Past Dangerous Goods Incidents in Thailand

Substance involved:

Explosive Substances

Substance involved:

Explosive Substances

Substance involved:

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)

54 Deathwith97 injury

171 Deathwith99 injury

Incident Place: Phang-Nga Province

Date: 15 Feb 1991

Time:around 15:00hrs.

Incident Place: Petchburi Road, Bangkok

Date: 24 Sep 1990

Time:around 22:00 hrs.

Incident Place: Express Way, Bangkok

Date: 4 Sep 2001

Time:around 05:00hrs.

Cause: Careless driving, low public awareness of consequence of explosive substances

Cause: Careless driving and low standard of tank equipment

Cause: Careless driving and misleading of emergency clean-up


International regulations for dangerous goods transport system adopted to thai provisions

Thai Provisions Vol. 2

Thai Provisions Vol. 2

Thai Provisions Vol. 3

International Regulations for Dangerous Goods Transport System adopted to Thai Provisions


Thai provisions volume 1 tp1

Adaptation/Trend of Thai Regulations concerning Transport of Dangerous Goods

Thai Provisions Volume 1 (TP1)

Thai Provisions Volume 2 (TP2)

Road

Multi-Modal

Based on the “ADR”, TP-II was approved by the cabinet on Dec 28, 2004 to be used as a framework regulations for transport of dangerous goods applicable to road transport

Based on the “Orange Book”, TP-I was approved by the cabinet on May 23, 2000 to be used as a framework regulations for transport of dangerous goods applicable to all modes of transport

Hazmat 1 Training Handbook


Protocol 9 agreement for transport of dg in transit in asean countries

Protocol 9: Agreement for transport of DG in transit in ASEAN Countries


Key contents of dangerous goods regulations

Key contents of Dangerous Goods Regulations

TP2 & 3 = TP1 +

UN Rec. or TP1

Modal Requirements

Definition of classes/divisions

Danger specific to one mode

Classification of Dangerous Goods

Test methods and criteria

Name and UN Number

Restrictions

List of Dangerous Goods most commonly carried

Main hazard and subsidiary risk

  • Transport conditions

  • Labeling

  • Assignment of packing group

  • Packing methods

  • Special provisions

  • Multi-modal tank transport

Types of packaging allowed and quantity limitations

UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods

Types of tanks allowed

  • Packing

  • Packaging

  • Intermediate Bulk containers

  • Multi-modal Tank Containers

Construction requirements

Placard

Certification and approval

Specific marks

Marking

Specific Labeling

Labeling

Consignment Procedures

Specific items of information

Transport documentation

Exemption quantities

Special exemption


Key responsibilities

Dangerous Goods Safety Advisers - DGSA

(Chapter 1.8.3)

Consignee (1.4.2.3)

Consignor ( 1.4.2.1)

Responsible

Persons/Bodies

Packers (1.4.3.2)

Drivers

(8.2)

Fillers

(1.4.3.3)

Loaders (1.4.3.1)

Carriers

(1.4.2.2)

Parties involved in the chain of transport of dangerous goods:

  • Consignor

  • Packer

Key Responsibilities

  • Loader

  • Carrier

  • Consignee


Transportation of hazardous chemicals

Safety obligations of the participants of the transportation process

After transport

During transport

Prior to transport

  • Consignee(1.4.2.3)

  • Carrier (1.4.2.2)

  • Driver (Chapter8.2)

  • Consignor (1.4.2.1)

  • Loader (1.4.3.1)

  • Packer/Filler(1.4.3.2)& 1.4.3.3)

  • Tank-container / portable tank operator(1.4.3.4)

  • Take appropriate measures to reduce or minimize the risk from transport

  • Receive training in the requirements governing the carriage of such goods appropriate to their responsibilities and duties (Chapter 1.3)


Transportation of hazardous chemicals

Case Study of good practice – Gate Checks (Germany)with support of German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) and Industrial Park Hoechst


Gate check

Gate Check

TREMCARD

Process of the checking of vehicles carrying dangerous goods

  • Check Order Number of Dangerous Goods

  • Check Transport Number of Dangerous Goods

  • Identified Card/Passport of Driver

  • Driver’s training certificate

  • Driving License

  • ADR Certificate

  • Weighting of vehicles

  • Check before exit – joints & couplings, all documentation


Transportation of hazardous chemicals

TREMCARD

Risk Management Project

Project Management Board (PMB)

14


Inspection of vehicle

Inspection of Vehicle

  • Orange Plate

  • Tires Depth (1.6 cm.)

  • Tank Code


Inspection of equipments

Inspection of Equipments

  • Pocket Lamp (Explosion Proof)

  • Fire Extinguisher

  • Goggles

  • Gloves

  • Eyes-Wash Bottle with Clean Water

  • Scotch or wheel-chock

  • 2 reflective triangles


Inspection of driver

Inspection of Driver

  • Alcohol

  • Drugs


Thai german cooperation on chemicals risk management a successful and sustainable showcase

Thai-German Cooperation on Chemicals Risk Management –a successful and sustainable showcase

2000

2003

1990/1991

1998

1999

2007

2….

2008

2004

2006

Severe accidents on transport of hazardous materials in Thailand; LPG tank truck overturned in Bangkok and a trailer with explosive overturned in Phang-Nga

Thai Provisions vol. 1 (TP1) developed and approved by cabinet

Guideline for safe storage developed

1st TG project relating Chemicals Risk Management at NESDB on Disaster Management for Transportation of Hazardous Materials

Oil Depot inferno in Chonburi & Potassium Chlorate explosion in Chiang Mai

Exit Strategy of CRMP & Chemical Safety Management Guideline developed and trained to IPO / IEO nation-wide

Possible tri-lateral cooperation with German government and neighboring countries….

Thai Provisions vol. 2 (TP2) developed and approved by cabinet

&

Chemicals Risk Management Project (CRMP) in BP Area

Capacity development of Thai officials in collaboration with private sector or PPP-like Clariant, (Bayer, BASF, Merck, Infraserv Logistics, DEKRA Umwelt) for a series of training in Germany

Guideline for safe storage adopted to national regulation by DIW

UNEP implemented project on Responsible Production (RP): APELL / SP / CSR in BP area


Transportation of hazardous chemicals

Capacity Development under GTZ Projects


Thailand history roadmap on development of regulations relating to chemicals

Thailand History & Roadmap on Development of Regulations relating to Chemicals

2008

Implementation of UN Globally Harmonized System ofClassification & Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)

The 3 rd National Strategic Planon Chemicals Management

2007

  • HazSub notification into force (Challenge: not ready by private sector / neither inspection & testing bodies as well as certification in Th.)

2005

2004

  • Hazardous Substance Committee issued a notification on fixed-tank with 3 years grace period

  • ASEAN Protocol 9 signed by MoT’s Dep. Minister

  • Notification of Hazardous Substance Committee : Land

    Transportation of Hazardous Substances

2002

TP-2 approved by cabinet (submitted by MoT) ordering HazSub Committee to be a focal point for implementation

2001

The 2nd NMP for Chemical Management

A truck had an accident on an express way in

Bangkok releasing acrylonitrile onto the road

and drainage.

2000

  • TP-1 approved by cabinet submitted by NESDB

  • DoLT issued a Notification of Driving License Class IV (Challenge: not in line with TP-2/ADR) and Labeling & Placarding of transport units based on TP-1/UN Rec.

  • MoI’s Ministerial Notification No.3 (1999) concerning preventive measures for factories falling under 12 categories having high risks to prepare risk assessment report to determine appropriate preventive measures from realized hazards in November 1999.

  • The explosion of potassium chlorate at a longan-drying factory in ChiangMai province in September 1999.

1999

The 1st NMP for Chemical Management

1997

1993

Convention concerning the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents (ILO -174 )

An explosive trailer overturned at Thungmaprao in Phang-nga, 171 fatality and 99 injury

1992

  • Hazardous Substance Act,1992( B.E. 2535) into force (Challenge: not directly relevant to transport of dangerous

    goods but focusing import, export and having in possession)

  • Basel Convention on the Control of Trans boundary Movements of Hazardous waste and their Disposal

1991

1990

  • An LPG Tanker overturned at Petchburi Rd.. 54 fatality and 97 injury

  • Convention concerning Safety in the Use of Chemicals at Work (ILO-170)


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