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FIW-Study Characteristics of exporting and non-exporting firms in Austria. Johannes Pöschl – Robert Stehrer – Roman Stöllinger financed by Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth FIW Workshop, 06.04.2010. Content. Introduction Dataset Export Participation Export Premia

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fiw study characteristics of exporting and non exporting firms in austria

FIW-StudyCharacteristics of exporting and non-exporting firms in Austria

Johannes Pöschl – Robert Stehrer – Roman Stöllinger

financed by Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth

FIW Workshop, 06.04.2010

content
Content
  • Introduction
  • Dataset
  • Export Participation
  • Export Premia
    • Descriptive Analysis
    • Econometric Results
  • Summary
stylised facts
Stylised facts
  • EU27 exports: from 2.21 trillion (1999) to 4.01 trillion (2008)
  • NMS12 exports: from 112 billion (1999) to 441 billion (2008)
  • Only a fraction of all firms in an industry export (firm heterogeneity)
  • Export participation varies substantially across industries(Bernard, Jensen, Schott – 2005)
  • Firms engaged in export activities are larger and more productive (Eaton, Kortum and Kramarz – 2004)
theory exporters vs non exporters
Theory: Exporters vs. Non-exporters

Exporters face fixed costs of exporting and additional trading costs

profit

productivity

fixed costs

Non-

Exporters

Exporters

dataset
Dataset
  • Source: Statistik Austria
  • Selected sample: manufacturing industries 2002-2006
  • Firm level data from
    • Leistungs- und Strukturerhebungcovers most firm characteristics2006: 28712 firms
    • Konjunkturstatistikgives information about the export status2006: 6326 firms (93.7% of sales)
first impressions from the data
First impressions from the data
  • 56% of the firms in the sample export in 2006
  • Modest rise in export participation from 54% in 2002
  • In comparison: Austrias manufacturing exports rosefrom 78 billion (2002) to 104 billion (2006)
  • Intensive margin more important
    • Intensive margin: rise in exports of firms already exporting
    • Extensive margin: number of exporters increases
export concentration
Export Concentration

1%, 5% and 10% of manufacturing firms account for42%, 74% and 87% of the exports respectively

87%

74%

percentage of exports

42%

percentage of firms (ranked by export sales)

econometric results implied export premia
Econometric results – implied export premia

Coefficient of non-exporters = 1, time and industry dummies included

approach following Bernard, Jensen (1999)

summary
Summary
  • Austrian exporters make up for 87% of employment and 94% of sales (small open economy)
  • Export participation has only increased slightly in the period 2002-2006
  • Exporting firms …
    • are bigger in terms of investment, employment and sales
    • are more capital intensive and exhibit higher labour productivity
  • Employees participate from export premium (capital-skill complementarity)
slide16

Thank you

for your attention!

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