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Develop Policies and Plans that support individual and community health

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Essential Public Health Service #5:. Develop Policies and Plans that support individual and community health. Refresher - Why learn the 10 Essential Public Health Services?. Improve quality and performance. Achieve better outcomes – improved health, less preventable deaths and disease.

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refresher why learn the 10 essential public health services
Refresher - Why learn the 10 Essential Public Health Services?
  • Improve quality and performance.
  • Achieve better outcomes – improved health, less preventable deaths and disease.
  • Be more efficient with time and money.
  • Receive national accreditation.
what is a policy
What is a “policy”?
  • Deliberate plan of action to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes
  • Similar to rules or laws. Law compels or prohibits behaviors (e.g. a law requiring the payment of taxes on income)
  • Guides actions toward those that are most likely to achieve a desired outcome.
what is the benefit of setting policy
What is the benefit of setting policy?

Guides the process of making important organizational decisions

who sets policy
Who sets policy?
  • The term may apply to government, private sector organizations and groups, and individuals.
  • Examples :
    • President or governor executive orders;
    • Corporation – business executive orders
    • Organization’s rules of order for meetings
types of policies
Types of policies
  • Education– admissions; dress codes
  • Economic – just in time supplying
  • Energy – drilling for new oil
  • Environmental - windmill farms;
  • Safety– Handrails in LTC facilities; hospital bed rails
  • Health – Indiana HIP
  • Human Resource – college degree for specific jobs
general public health policies
General Public Health Policies:
  • Vaccinations
  • Fluoride in drinking water
  • No smoking
  • Data mining
  • INShape Indiana
  • Childhood Lead Poisoning screening
  • Walking trails
  • Stockpiling food for emergencies
es 5 key functions
ES #5:Key Functions
  • Protect health and guide public health practice
  • Community and state planning
  • Alignment of resources to assure successful planning
  • Facilitate democratic process of dialogue and debate with and among groups affected by policies/plans priorto adoption
es 5 some activities to develop plans policies
ES#5 : Some activities to develop plans/ policies

To develop health policy or plans :

  • Rely on appropriate data
  • Develop measurable health objectives
  • Determine strategies/actions to implement plans.
es 5 who are isdh partners
ES #5: Who are ISDH partners?
  • Legislature
  • Business and regulated industries
  • City/county councils
  • Program partners – advisory boards
  • Community-based organizations
  • Advocacy groups
  • Consumers, priority populations
  • Other examples?
to achieve es 5 model standard 1 planning implementation
To Achieve ES#5 Model Standard 1: Planning/Implementation

Need to ask ourselves, do we:

  • Have a statewide health improvement plan?
  • Establish /maintain PH emergency response capacity?
  • Raise awareness of needed PH policies?
to achieve es 5 model standard 2 state local relationships
To Achieve ES#5 Model Standard 2: State-Local Relationships

Need to ask ourselves, do we:

  • Provide TA/training to LPH systems to develop health improvement plans?
  • Provide assistance to develop local All-Hazards Preparedness Plans?
  • Provide technical assistance and support for conducting local health policy development?
to achieve es 5 model standard 3 performance mgmt qi
To Achieve ES#5 Model Standard 3: Performance Mgmt./QI.

Need to ask ourselves, do we:

  • Regularly monitor state’s progress on health improvement objectives?
  • Review new/existing policies to determine their PH impact?
  • Conducted exercises /drills to test preparedness response capacity?
  • Manage overall performance of policy/planning activities for quality improvement?
to achieve es 5 model standard 4 public health capacity resources
To Achieve ES#5 Model Standard 4:Public Health Capacity Resources

Need to ask ourselves ,do we:

  • Commit adequate $$ to develop and implement health policies/plans?
  • Align state-wide partnerships
  • Use skills in long-range planning
  • Obtain public participation?
es 5 competencies analytical assessment skills
ES #5 Competencies – Analytical/assessment skills
  • Able to define a problem
  • Recognizes how data illuminate ethical, political, scientific, economic, and overall public health issues
es 5 competencies program planning skills
ES #5 Competencies –Program Planning Skills
  • Collect, summarize, interpret relevant information
  • Articulate health, fiscal, administrative, legal, social, political implications of policy options
  • State the feasibility and expected outcomes of policy options
  • Decide on course of action
  • Translate policy into plans
references
References
  • CDC National Public Health Performance Standards Program Website: http://www.cdc.gov/od/ocphp/nphpsp/EssentialPublicHealthServices.htm#es2
  • Council on Linkages Training Project Website: http://www.trainingfinder.org/competencies/list_ephs.htm#2
  • Indiana Public Health System Quality Improvement Report (2007).
es 5 policy development1
ES #5: Policy Development

What does your program do to implement Essential Service #5?

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