Understanding  Managing Stress

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Understanding Managing Stress

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1. Understanding & Managing Stress DR. SANJAY CHUGH M.D. (PSYCH.) CONSULTANT PSYCHIATRIST

2. Understanding & Managing Stress

3. Understanding & Managing Stress The time necessary to learn all the rules for effective living now exceeds your life expectancy!!

4. Understanding & Managing Stress SOME FACTS 75-90% of adult visits to primary care physicians are for stress related problems. The commonest problems world-wide are a mixture of anxiety and depression.

5. Understanding & Managing Stress SOME FACTS MAXIMUM absenteeism on an average workday is because of stress related problems More heart attacks on Monday, 9:00 A.M. than at any other time of the week.

6. Understanding & Managing Stress MORE FACTS

7. Understanding & Managing Stress

8. Understanding & Managing Stress Driving your car in rush hour Getting a last minute work assignment Misplacing something in the house….

9. Understanding & Managing Stress Having something break while using it Dealing with incompetence at work Planning your budget Being blamed for something Waiting in a long line at the store or bank

10. Understanding & Managing Stress WHAT IS STRESS?

11. Understanding & Managing Stress Stimulus -------------? Reaction

12. Understanding & Managing Stress EUSTRESS vs. DISTRESS

13. Understanding & Managing Stress The BAD News : Stress is an inescapable part of modern life The GOOD News : Stress isn't altogether bad news

14. Understanding & Managing Stress ADAPTATION Body has only a finite, non-renewable reserve of adaptation energy Eventually, it is consumed and death results Stress is how people react to demands placed on them Important is our perception and subjective interpretation of the stressor.

15. Understanding & Managing Stress WHAT ARE STRESSORS? Stressors are events that threaten or challenge people

16. Understanding & Managing Stress SOURCES OF STRESS DAILY HASSLES MAJOR LIFE EVENTS CATASTROPHES

17. Understanding & Managing Stress TOP FEW DAILY HASSLES INTERPERSONAL CONFLICTS CONCERNS ABOUT WEIGHT HEALTH OF A FAMILY MEMBER RISING PRICES OF COMMON GOODS HOME MAINTENANCE TOO MANY THINGS TO DO

18. Understanding & Managing Stress SOCIAL MANIFESTATIONS ….

19. Understanding & Managing Stress Experience of sense of isolation Suffer from loneliness Frequently nag others Lack of intimacy Often distrustful Seldom go out with family Harbour resentments Lash out at others Reduced contact with friends Disturbed family relationships Tend to use people for personal gain

20. Understanding & Managing Stress PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS Depressed Bored Urge to cry Urge to hide Suspiciousness Negative attitude/thoughts Loneliness

21. Understanding & Managing Stress PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS Anxious Nervous Worry Nightmares Helplessness Confusion

22. Understanding & Managing Stress PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS Irritable Feelings of unreality Urge to run Unable to concentrate Lethargy Decision making- both major & minor- becomes difficult

23. Understanding & Managing Stress PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS Excessive daydreaming about “getting away from it all” Use of sleeping pills Thoughts trail while speaking or writing Sudden outbursts of temper or hostility

24. Understanding & Managing Stress PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS Forgetfulness regarding appointments,dates, deadlines Frequent spells of brooding and a feeling of inadequacy Reversals in usual behaviour

25. Understanding & Managing Stress BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS Cigarette smoking Impulsive behavior Inappropriate crying Aggressive Overeating Lack of initiative

26. Understanding & Managing Stress BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS Using people Drug/Alcohol abuse Cynical Fault finding Antisocial Under eating Lowered sex drive

27. Understanding & Managing Stress BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS Accident prone Blaming Nervous laughing Reclusive Inflexible Nagging

28. Understanding & Managing Stress PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS Hypertension Coronary heart disease Migraine, tension headache Ulcers Asthmatic conditions Chronic backaches Arthritis

29. Understanding & Managing Stress PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS Allergies Skin disorders Hyperthyroidism Vertigo More frequent infections Sexual dysfunctions

30. Understanding & Managing Stress PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS Heart pounding Bowel alterations Stomach distress Dizziness Lingering cold Dry mouth Fatigue

31. Understanding & Managing Stress PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS Weakness Fidgeting Sweating Anorexia Insomnia Muscle tension Generalized aches and pains

32. Understanding & Managing Stress MENTAL STRESS Mental attitudes generally negative Mental lethargy Rarely develop new ideas

33. Understanding & Managing Stress MENTAL STRESS Difficulty in concentration Confusion Rarely express your feelings through music, art, dance or writing No intellectual relaxation Make negative self-statements

34. Understanding & Managing Stress MENTAL STRESS Fail to keep abreast of current events Mind is often in a whirl Rarely introduce innovations into work Frequently suffer from forgetfulness

35. Understanding & Managing Stress BURN OUT EFFECTS Complaints of fatigue, being overworked, exhaustion Shows loss of enthusiasm, energy, drive, pep team spirit Shows loss of imagination, creativity, refusal to take risks

36. Understanding & Managing Stress BURN OUT Becomes defensive easily, has poor relationships with key people Is disorganized, has poor recall, memory loss

37. Understanding & Managing Stress Basic Guidelines For Coping Recognise and admit that you are feeling stressed and anxious

38. Understanding & Managing Stress Basic Guidelines For Coping Give yourself permission to feel anxious about whatever it is that is bothering you. But ask “How much anxiety is too much" Try to pinpoint what it is you are anxious about. If you can't pinpoint it, don't worry too much about it and move on Become aware of your body's symptoms. Don't let them scare you, let them talk to you

39. Understanding & Managing Stress Basic Guidelines For Coping If you do know what it is that is bothering you, what can you do to eliminate or minimise the situation?

40. Understanding & Managing Stress Basic Guidelines For Coping Most importantly, how can you react differently so you won't be so affected by this situation? Listen to the dialogue within yourself. Are you filling yourself with negative thoughts about a certain situation? Listen to the dialogue of those around you. Is someone around you being negative and dragging you down with them?

41. Understanding & Managing Stress Basic Guidelines For Coping Are you overwhelming yourself with "shoulds" and high expectations? If so, which ones would you eliminate? Give yourself positive reinforcement for even the smallest accomplishments. Are you blaming someone else for your anxieties, unhappiness, poor health, lack of success or whatever? Take responsibility for yourself and make some positive changes?

42. Understanding & Managing Stress The Ten Commandments Thou shalt regularly do those things that are most enjoyable to thee without harming others or self Thou shalt take time to physically relax or meditate daily Thou shalt exercise aerobically 3-5 times each week Thou shalt sleep 7-8 hours each night

43. Understanding & Managing Stress The Ten Commandments Thou shalt not take thyself so seriously Thou shalt grant yourself the right to make mistakes Thou shalt share your feelings each day Thou shalt eat a healthy, balanced diet Thou shalt do the important things first Thou shalt respect and express your own opinions

44. Understanding & Managing Stress EXPECTATIONS Vs FULFILMENT Realistic Vs Unrealistic Expectations Flexibility Vs Rigidity Must recognise own ability and potential

45. Understanding & Managing Stress Remember that ……. In the short run, anyone, can be a victim, even you In the long run,there are no victims--- only willing participants

46. Understanding & Managing Stress Remember that ……. The key to winning back your time is to be more effective at being rather than doing

47. Understanding & Managing Stress Remember that ……. Albert Einstein didn’t remember his telephone number. He didn’t want to clutter his mind with information that could be accessed anytime.

48. Understanding & Managing Stress Remember that ……. You are more resourceful than you often acknowledge and You always have more options than you know

49. Understanding & Managing Stress Remember that ……. You don’t have to catch the ball every time someone throws it at you Learn how to say NO!!

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