Roman jakobson
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 13

Roman Jakobson PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Roman Jakobson . Basic Questions. What are the basic functions of language in communication?  What is the poetic function? Where do we see poetic functions in daily language?

Download Presentation

Roman Jakobson

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Roman Jakobson

Basic Questions

  • What are the basic functions of language in communication?  What is the poetic function? Where do we see poetic functions in daily language?

  • Is there a common semantic operation in sentence-making and the making of poems, films, and the other cultural languages?

  • How do Jacobson’s views of poetic language compliment the structuralist narratology of Todorov?

Examples of ‘poetic’ function

  • Jocobson “The poetic function projects the principle of equivalence from the asix of selection into the axis of combination.”

  • Store names: 沒事找茶;茶言觀色;茶號台

  • Commercial slogan: 我愛大自然

  • 鬧鐘 鬧人不鬧鬼

  • 醫生 醫活不醫死

  • 學校 學好不學壞

  •  equivalence --homonyms, puns, parallel structures, and rhymes.

  •  creating (metaphoric) connotations or ambiguities;

Language/Literature as an enclosed system with two Axes

Selection (the paradigmatic pole)

Combination(the syntagmatic pole)

(sentence; functions;

mytonymy )

Mythemes,actants, metaphors, etc.

Roman Jakobson’s studies of aphasia

  • Similarity disorder – inability to deal with “associative” relationships in language.

  • Contiguity disorder –inability to organize words into higher units (e.g. sentence).

  •  Arts? The example of Gleb Ivannovic

From Aphasia to poetry

  • metaphor – substitution of one with something similar –poetry –Romanticism/Symbolism

  • How about narrative poems? e.g. 木蘭辭、Ode on Nightingale, “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”

  • metonymy – replacement of one with something close by

    -- novel –Realism

    Is this distinction true to all the texts in these movements?

e.g. (1) “To Autumn”

Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness,

Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;

Conspiring with him how to load and bless

With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run;

To bendwith applesthe moss'd cottage-trees,

And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core;

To swell the gourd, and plumpthe hazel shells

With a sweet kernel; to set buddingmore,

And still more, later flowersfor the bees,

Until they think warm days will never cease,

For Summer has o'er-brimm'd their clammy cells.

Sailing to ByzantiumW.B. Yeats (green- nature/time, brown -art)

That is no country for old men. The young

In one another's arms, birds in the trees -

Those dying generations - at their song,

The salmon-falls, the mackerel-crowded seas,

Fish, flesh, or fowl, commend all summer long

Whatever is begotten, born, and dies.

Caught in that sensual music all neglect

Monuments of unageing intellect.

Sailing to Byzantium (2)

An aged man is but a paltry thing,

A tattered coat upon a stick, unless

Soul clap its hands and sing, and louder sing

For every tatter in its mortal dress,

Nor is there singing school but studying

Monuments of its own magnificence;

And therefore I have sailed the seas and come

To the holy city of Byzantium.

Sailing to Byzantium (3)

O sages standing in God's holy fire

As in the gold mosaic of a wall,

Come from the holy fire, perne in a gyre,

And be the singing-masters of my soul.

Consume my heart away; sick with desire

And fastened to a dying animal

It knows not what it is; and gather me

Into the artifice of eternity.

Sailing to Byzantium (4)

Once out of nature I shall never take

My bodily form from any natural thing,

But such a form as Grecian goldsmiths make

Of hammered gold and gold enamelling

To keep a drowsy Emperor awake;

Or set upon a golden bough to sing

To lords and ladies of Byzantium

Of what is past, or passing, or to come.

e.g. (2) Picasso vs. Margritte

Nature Morte

by Pablo Picasso

e.g. (2) Picasso vs. Margritte

The Treachery of Images, by Rene Magritte, 1928/29

  • Login