Organics
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Organics. Atoms. Reactions. Chemistry. Odds & Ends. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 3 0 0. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. Why is carbon so important?. It is part of every living thing. DNA Protein

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Organics

Atoms

Reactions

Chemistry

Odds &

Ends

100

100

100

100

100

200

200

200

200

200

300

300

300

300

300

400

400

400

400

400

500

500

500

500

500


Why is carbon so important?


It is part of every living thing

DNA

Protein

Carbohydrates


Why can carbon combine with itself as well as other elements?


It has 4 Valence electrons


Organic compounds contain what 6 elements?


Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Sulfur


What is the simplest form of an organic compound?


Hydrocarbons


Which of the following is a hydrocarbon?

H2O

C2H4

C12H22O10


H2OC2H4C12H22O10


What are the charges of Protons, Neutrons and electrons?


  • Protons- Positive

  • Neutrons- Neutral

  • Electron- Negative


Which 2 parts of the atom have the most mass?


Protons and Neutrons

They make up most of the mass of the atom


Where can Valence electrons be found?


In the outer shell

Also known as a electron cloud


In an atom or isotope, the number of protons is equal to the number of ___?


The number of electrons

This changes if an atom is an ion


Ions are?


Positively or negatively charged atoms


An elements atomic number represents?


The number of Protons


MgSMg + S

What are the three parts of the equation called?


Products (yield) Reactants


List two types of bonds that atoms can make?


Ionic, Covalent


What is the only thing that changes during a chemical reaction?


The order the atoms are arranged


What type of reaction is cooking a pizza?


Chemical Reaction


What is the Law of Conservation of Mass (in a chemical reaction)?


In a chemical reactions, atoms are neither created or destroyed, merely rearranged


What does a catalyst do?


Speeds up reactions


What is created when a chemical change occurs?


A new substance with new chemical properties is created


How many protons does Fluorine have?


9 Protons


What you start a reaction with and what you end a reaction with. What are these two things called?


Product and Reactant


Force =Mass x Acceleration

If the Force is 75N and the acceleration is 10 m/sec2

What is the Mass?


Force =Mass x Acceleration

7.5 kg x 10 m/sec = 75 N


Force =Mass x Acceleration

If the mass is 100 kg and the acceleration is 5 m/sec2 find the force in Newtons?


Force =Mass x Acceleration

100 kg x 5 m/sec = 500 N


Daily Double

Draw a linear graph on the whiteboard


When 2 different elements combine into a molecule, it is called?


A compound


Isotopes have different number of?


Neutrons


increasing

Rate of Reaction

Catalyst

Time (minutes)

decreasing

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

After the catalyst is added, what happens to the rate of reaction?


It increases


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