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Area 8: Standard number and terms of availability 1.8, 2.8. For books: International Standard Book Number (ISBN) MARC 020 Required if given; Repeatable Prescribed source of information: any source No punctuation at the end. MARC 020. Indicators: NONE Subfields

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Area 8 standard number and terms of availability 1 8 2 8

Area 8: Standard number and terms of availability1.8, 2.8

For books: International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

MARC 020

Required if given; Repeatable

Prescribed source of information: any source

No punctuation at the end

Marc 020
MARC 020

  • Indicators: NONE

  • Subfields

    • $a International standard bibliographic number (ISBN)

    • $ z Canceled/invalid international standard bibliographic number


  • ISBNs are unique 10 or 13 digit numbers assigned to books.

    • Remember that ISSN’s are for serials (International Standard Serial Number) – see PP for Area 6: Series.

  • You can take this information from anywhere on the item.

    • Usually found on the TP verso and/or back cover

  • As of January 1, 2007, all books will use a 13-digit ISBN instead of a10-digit ISBN.

    • But you may see books with both a 10 digit and 13-digit ISBN

  • Add them both in separate 020s.


  • When copying it, take out the dashes:

    • 0-8389-3386-3 becomes:

      • 020 $a 0838933863

    • 978-0-8389-3386-3 becomes:

      • 020 $a 9780838933863

  • There can also be an “x” at the end of the number. Copy it as an upper case “X”:

  • On piece: 0-8389-3386-x ; 978-0-8389-3386-x

    • 020 $a 083893386X

    • 020 $a 978083893386X

Multiple isbns
Multiple ISBNs

  • If there is more than one ISBN on your piece, add them in separate 020s.

  • If there are qualifiers at the end of them, transcribe the qualifiers as you see them:

    • 020 $a 0838933861 (library binding)

    • 020 $a 0838933868 (trade ed.)

    • 020 $a 0838933867 (hardcover)

    • 020 $a 0838933863 (pbk.)

Corrected or invalid isbn s z
Corrected or invalid ISBN’s - $z

  • Sometimes ISBNs are printed incorrectly on books.

  • If you know the incorrect ISBN you put it in a $z directly after the correct ISBN

  • In practice, OCLC validates this number, so you don’t have to worry about knowing whether a number is valid or not

    • You don’t really have to worry about this for your homework

  • An 020 with a corrected number would look like this:

    • 020 $a 0838933863 (pbk.) $z 0838933855

The fixed field

The fixed field

MARC 008 for books

The fixed field1
The fixed field

  • The fixed field is a set of elements with codes that represent something about the bibliographic record.

    • This is not a part of AACR2 – MARC only!

  • These codes allow users to limit when they are doing searches on OPACs

    • For instance when you limit your search by language you are pulling that information from a fixed field code.

    • Example on next slide:

Fixed field
Fixed field

  • So in order to get the computer to limit searches, cataloging, uses a bunch of codes that tell the computer something.

  • Please pull up or print out the blank monographic worksheet. You will see the fixed field at the top of the page.

Fixed field codes
Fixed field codes

  • The fixed field that you will use for books is the MARC 008 and you can see many different elements here.

  • Here is the Main page for the codes

    • If you look at a fixed fields on your sheet or in the book and click on the corresponding element in the list on the left hand side of the page, you’ll get a list of codes for that particular element.

Specific elements
Specific elements

  • I will talk about the elements that you will need to worry about as you do your homework, and the ones that are important in practice.

  • If you want to find out about the other codes, you can go to that OCLC list and see what they are.

Cont nature of contents add if needed
Cont – Nature of contents – Add if needed

  • This code tells the computer that the book has certain types of things.

  • This is mostly used when you have a bibliography in a book.

  • So if in your record you put:

    • 504 $a Includes bibliographical references.

  • You have to put a “b” in this code

    • Cont: b

  • Click the link above for more codes

Ills illustrations add if needed
Ills – Illustrations - Add if needed

  • This code is used when a book has illustrations or maps.

  • If you click the link above you’ll see all the possible codes that are available, but you will only use these:

    • a = illustrations

    • b = maps

  • So, if you have “ill.” in the 300:

    • 300 $a iv, 78 p. : $b ill. ; $c 28 cm.

  • You put an “a” in the Ills code:

    • Ills: a

  • So, if you have “ill.” and “map” in the 300:

    • 300 $a iv, 78 p. : $b ill., map ; $c 28 cm.

  • You put an “a” and a “b” in the Ills code:

    • Ills: ab

Litf literary form change if needed
LitF –Literary form - Change if needed

  • This code is used to indicate whether a book is a work of fiction or nonfiction.

  • If you click on the link, there are many codes you can use, but we will use “0” and “1”

  • The code defaults to “0” for nonfiction.

  • If you have a work of fiction, you should change it to a “1”

    • LitF 1

  • (This code covers all works of fiction – if your book is a specific sort of form, such as poetry or short stories, you can use a specific code in the list.)

Indx index change if needed
Indx – Index - Change if needed

  • If your book has an index, you have to change this code to reflect it.

  • This code defaults to a “0” for no index.

  • If you have an index change it to a “1”

  • So if you have on your bibliographic record:

    • 504 $a Includes bibliographical references and index. OR

    • 500 $a Includes index.

  • You change this code to a “1”

    • Indx 1

Lang language of book mandatory
Lang - Language of book - Mandatory

  • You need to put a code that represents the language of the book.

  • This code is found in a special list called the MARC code list for languages

  • You look on this list, find a particular code for the language of the book, and add it to the fixed field.

  • So for a book in English:

    • Lang eng

Language continued
Language continued

  • It gets a little tricky when you have book that is in more than one language or if the book itself is a translation.

  • If you have a book in more than one language, put the primary language in the fixed field code and add the other language in a MARC 041 field.

  • A book in English and Spanish would be:

    • Lang eng

    • 041 0_ $a eng $a spa

  • A book that was originally written in French, but you’re cataloging the English translation:

    • Lang eng

    • 041 1_ $a eng $h fre

Ctry country mandatory
Ctry – Country - Mandatory

  • You need to add a code for the state or country of the publisher.

  • This code comes from the MARC code list for countries

  • The state/country is found in the 260 $a, and then you look it up in that list to find the code:

    • 260 $a New York : $b Wiley, $c 1989.

      • Ctry nyu

    • 260 $a London : $b Butterworth’s, $c 1989.

      • Ctry enk

Dtst type of date publication status mandatory
DtSt - Type of Date/Publication Status - Mandatory

  • This is the code you add to indicate what kind of date the book has.

  • Usually a book will only have a single date: “s”

  • In the case of multipart monographs, it will have two dates, so you’d use “m”.

  • This comes from the 260 $c

  • For this class, you will only need code “s”

    • 260 $a New York : $b Wiley, $c 1989.

      • DtSt s (a single date)

Dates mandatory
Dates - Mandatory

  • You add the date of the book here.

  • This comes from the 260 $c

    • 260 $a New York : $b Wiley, $c 1989.

      • Dates 1989

    • 260 $a London : $b Butterworth’s, $c [1909?]

      • Dates 1909

  • If you are uncertain of the date, and have used a “-” in the date in the 260, then you use a “u” in the fixed field code

    • 260 $a London : $b Butterworth’s, $c [199-]

    • Dates 199u

Multipart monographs
Multipart monographs

  • If you have a multipart monograph that is published over a span of years, you would add the beginning and ending date.

    • 260 $a London : $b Butterworth’s, $c 1989-1995.

    • Dates 1989, 1995

    • DtSt m

When you do your homework
When you do your homework

  • On the blank monographic worksheet, I have highlighted the fields that you need to worry about on your homework.

  • You can refer to this PowerPoint, or you can go to the OCLC bibliographic formats and standards page and get all the little codes.

  • The next slide shows other common elements that you would use in practice.

Other common elements
Other common elements

  • ELvl: What is the level of cataloging? (Mand.)

  • Srce: Who is doing the cataloging? (Mand.)

  • Conf: Does the book contain papers from a conference? (Change if necessary)

  • GPub: Is the book a government publication? (Add if applicable)

  • Fest: Is the book a collection of essays in honor of someone? (Change if necessary)

  • Audn: Who is the intended audience? (Add if applicable)

  • Biog: Is the book a biography or does it have biographical information? (Add if applicable)

Practice test
Practice test

  • Do the practice test for Module 2: Area 8: ISBN and fixed field.