Where Living
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 22

Where Living Things are Found PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 61 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Where Living Things are Found. Living Things and Their Environments. Where things live: Hot dry places Cool shady forests Water In the ground On plants. Environment: everything around a living thing. All living things need food, water, air and shelter.

Download Presentation

Where Living Things are Found

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Where living things are found

Where Living

Things are Found


Where living things are found

Living Things and

Their Environments

  • Where things live:

  • Hot dry places

  • Cool shady forests

  • Water

  • In the ground

  • On plants

Environment: everything around a living thing

All living things need food, water, air and shelter.

Many living things can share an environment and thus must also share the things they need to live.


Where living things are found

Living Things and

Non-living Things

Living Things: any thing that needs food, water, air and shelter

  • Non-living things: do not need food, water, air and shelter

  • Air

  • Sunlight

  • Water

  • Rocks

  • Soil


Where living things are found

The Parts of an

Ecosystem

Ecosystem: the living and nonliving things that affect each other or interact

Example : pond

Population: a group of the same kind of living things that live in the same place at the same time.

Community: All the populations that live in an ecosystem.

Habitat: the home of all the living things that make up the community (provides all the needs including living and nonliving things)


Where living things are found

The Parts of an

Ecosystem

  • Populations:

  • Frog

  • Birds

  • Insects

  • Water lilies

  • cattails

The ecosystem of this pond is made up of all the living and nonliving things that interact in and around the pond.

Nonliving things , such as air, sunlight, water, rocks and soil are also part of ecosystem. The community of living things needs the nonliving things to survive.

Pond is the habitat or home of all living things that make up the community.

The edge of the pond is the habitat for the cattails.


Where living things are found

How Ecosystems

Change

2 ways an ecosystem can change:

  • Change by nature:

  • Floods : harms ecosystem but flood brings new layer of rich soil to river bank

  • Fires: doesn’t destroy all seeds in the ground. The surviving seeds grow into new plants. As the plants grow, animals that feed on them will return to the area.

  • Change by living things:

  • People cut down trees and use wood to build homes and make other products. Beavers cut down trees to build dams or lodges in streams. The other animals that lived in the trees must find new homes, sometimes it will be nearby part of the ecosystem or will need to live somewhere completely different.


Where living things are found

Forest

Ecosystem

Forest: area in which the main plants are trees

Some forest named for types of trees that grow in them or the area in which they grow.


Where living things are found

Deciduous

Forests

Deciduous Forests are forest made up mostly of trees such as maples and oaks.

  • Grow in places that have warm, wet summers and cold winters

  • Specific changes to forest during seasons (fall, spring, summer, winter)

  • Plant life – ferns, shrubs and mosses

  • Animal life – insects, spiders, snakes, frogs, birds, rabbits, deer and bears


Where living things are found

Tropical Rain

Forests


Where living things are found

Tropical Rain

Forests

http://asterix.ednet.lsu.edu/~edtech/rainfor/tree/tfro

g1.gif

http://www.fotosearch.com/comp/SBY/SBY850/chestnut-mandibled-toucan-ramphastos_~200352108-001.jpg

  • Grow in places like Hawaii and Costa Rica

  • Hot and wet all year

  • Trees grow very tall and their leaves stay green all year

  • More types of living things live in rain forest than anywhere else

  • 3 layers

  • Canopy – top layer : gets lots of water and sunlight

  • Understory – middle layer: shorter trees, orchids mosses and ferns grow on trunks of the tall trees

  • Forest Floor – lowest layer: little sunlight, few nutrients found in soil, plant find other ways to get nutrients. Many kinds of plants and animals make home in this layer.


Where living things are found

Coastal

Forests

  • Lots of rainfall

  • Not too cold or too hot weather

  • Thick, tall trees

  • Same 3 layers as tropical rain forest

http://www.scsc.k12.ar.us/2001Outwest/PacificNaturalHistory/Projects/LachowskyR/kridgex.jpg


Where living things are found

Coniferous

Forests

http://inchinapinch.com/hab_pgs/terres/coniferous/images/confpic.jpg

  • Very cold winters and cool summers

  • Trees forms from seeds in cones and needle –like leaves (don’t loose needle leaves)

  • Trees are triangular shape – help keep heavy snow from piling up

  • Many lakes and streams

  • Trees stay green all year – called evergreens examples are firs, spruce and pine


Where living things are found

Desert

Ecosystem

Desert: an ecosystem found where there is very little rainfall. (less than 25 cm. per year)

  • Cold Deserts:

  • Freezing temperatures/blizzards in winter

  • Hottest months – as hot as hot deserts

http://media.ebaumsworld.com/2007/07/Snow+in+Taklimakan+Desert+1.jpg


Where living things are found

Desert

Ecosystem

http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/images/biomes/desert_hot_sequence.jpg

  • Hot Deserts:

  • Temperatures about 110 degrees Fahrenheit during day

  • Temperatures about 45 degrees Fahrenheit at night

  • Mild winters in which temperatures stay above freezing


Where living things are found

Desert

Plants

  • Grow low to ground – keep cool

  • Thick stem that stores water

  • Skin and spines help plant from losing water

  • Spines also protect the plant from being eaten by animals

  • Shallow roots that spread out near soil’s surface and can quickly soak up the water

http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/images/barrelcactus.jpg


Where living things are found

Desert

Animals

http://www.desertanimals.net/images/blacktailedjackrabbitphoto.gif

http://www.desertanimals.net/sitebuilder/images/660px-Bark_scorpion-148x147.jpg

  • Desert animals get most of their water by eating plants that store water or by eating other animals

  • Reptiles: snakes and lizards

  • Mammals: bats, rabbits, squirrels – active at night when cooler. During day sleep in shelters. Some animals burrow into the soil

  • Others: scorpions and insects – their hard body coverings help prevent them from losing water.

http://www.desertanimals.net/images/texashornedlizardphoto.gif

http://www.desertanimals.net/images/camelphoto.gif

http://www.desertanimals.net/images/sidewinderphoto.gif


Where living things are found

Water

Ecosystem

Water ecosystem covers more than 70 % of Earth’s surface

Salt Water: water that has a lot of salt in it

Oceans and seas (plus marshes and a few lakes) have salt water - these are called Saltwater ecosystems

Fresh water: water that has very little salt in it.

Lakes, rivers, ponds, streams and marshes – are freshwater ecosystems


Where living things are found

Saltwater

Ecosystems

  • Amount of salt in ocean water is different in different places.

  • Near surface – rain makes water less salty

  • Also less salty near shores where fresh water from rivers and streams flows into oceans

Tide Pool: saltwater ecosystem that forms near shoreline

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/7/74/Tide_pools_in_santa_cruz.jpg/300px-Tide_pools_in_santa_cruz.jpg

http://home.teleport.com/~tmorse/Images/Chiton-Lined.jpg


Where living things are found

Ocean

Ecosystem

Oceans are Earth’s largest ecosystem

  • Not all parts of oceans are the same:

  • Saltiness of water can be different

  • Water is deeper in some places

  • Water temperature also changes from place to place

  • How deep into water sunlight can reach affects the kinds of living things found in different parts of oceans


Where living things are found

Ocean

Ecosystem

Ocean divided into zones (how much sunlight it gets)

  • Where water is shallow, sunlight reaches the ocean bottom. Allows many plants to grow and animals that feed on these plants live here.

  • Sunlight cannot reach the floor of the deep ocean. This part of ocean has almost no plants. Water very cold here. Because few plants (if any at all) the deep ocean also has the fewest animals.

  • Farther from shore, sunlight cannot reach the ocean bottom. Plants float near the surface, where they can get sunlight. Swimming animals come to surface to feed. Others feed on the animals that eat the plants.


Where living things are found

Freshwater

Ecosystem

Main freshwater ecosystems are rivers, streams, lakes and ponds

  • Rivers and streams have moving fresh water. (quick or slow moving)

  • How fast water moves determines what living things can survive in water

http://www.bigskyfishing.com/River-Fishing/South-MT-Rivers/yellowstone-river/photo_gallery/YellowstoneRiverPhotographs/thumbnails/above_canyon2.jpg

  • Water in lakes and ponds is still.

  • Lakes have deeper water and are usually larger than ponds

  • Water temperature depend on where lake or pond is and how deep water is.

http://www.betterphoto.com/uploads/processed/0029/0610151359311dsc_4178sfw_thumbnail1_t.jpg


Where living things are found

Freshwater

Ecosystem

http://turtle_tails.tripod.com/turtle/zulu.jpg

http://content.ornith.cornell.edu/UEWebApp/images/MPR_070202_100006_S.jpg

As in ocean, most plants and animals in a lake or pond live in the shallow water. The fewest plants and animals live where the water is too deep for sunlight to reach the bottom.

http://www.betterphoto.com/uploads/processed/0029/0610180356271peaceful_easy_feeling_thumbnai_t.jpg


  • Login