Emotion
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 16

Emotion PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 102 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Emotion. By: Jordan, Matt, Doug, and Jordan. What is Emotion?. Emotion- a natural instinctive state of mind deriving from one's circumstances, mood, or relationships with others .

Download Presentation

Emotion

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Emotion

By: Jordan, Matt, Doug, and Jordan


What is Emotion?

  • Emotion- a natural instinctive state of mind deriving from one's circumstances, mood, or relationships with others.

  • People can’t always say what an emotional experience feels like, they can just simply compare it to another experience they’ve already had that is similar.

  • Example: “Love is more like happiness than like anger.”


What is Emotion? (cont.)

  • People’s emotions can be categorized by their valence, and by their arousal.

  • Valence- How positive or negative the experience is.

  • Arousal- How active or passive the experience is.

  • For example, somebody that has both a positive valence and a high arousal can experience happy thoughts and/or be excited. Whereas somebody experiencing negative valence and low arousal will feel sad, depressed, gloomy, and even boredom.


The Emotional Body

  • The Emotional Body

  • James-Lange Theory- Stimuli triggers activity in the autonomic nervous system (physiological arousal), which produces an emotional experience. *(Specific physiological arousal)*

  • -States that the physiological arousal hits a certain state before an emotion is had.

  • Each emotion has its own degree of arousal

  • Cannon Bard Theory- An emotional experience and a physiological response happen at the same time

  • -Conflicts with James-Lange theory, stating that emotional responses often happen more quickly than arousal of the body has taken affect.

  • -Something like blushing long after you’re embarrassed, they happen at the same time, but the autonomic nervous system is much slower to react.


The Emotional Body (Cont.)

  • Two-factor Theory- Emotions are an inference about physiological arousal *(general physiological arousal)*

  • -Similar to the James-Lange theory

  • -The body will become physiologically aroused and we determine/infer the arousal to be a certain emotion depending on the situation.

  • -Research disagrees that all emotional experience is not different interpretations of the same bodily state.


The Emotional Brain

  • •Amygdala- Plays role in regulating emotions such as fear

  • •Appraisal- An evaluation of the emotion-relevant aspects of a stimulus

  • •A stimulus takes two routes simultaneously

  • •Amygdala is the gas pedal that increases our emotions

  • •Cortex is the brakes that slows our emotions down and allows time for our brain to figure out what is taking place


The Emotional Brain (Cont.)

  • Regulation of Fear

  • •Emotional Regulation- the cognitive and behavioral strategies people use to influence their own emotional experience

  • •Reappraisal- changing one’s emotional experience by changing the meaning of the emotion eliciting stimulus

  • •When reappraising, our brain turns down the amygdale action to consciously change an experience by accessing the cortex

  • •“If you are distressed by anything external, the pain is not due to the thing itself, but to your estimate of it; and this you have the power to revoke at any moment.”

  • -- Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius


The Regulation of Emotion

  • Emotion Regulation- the cognitive and behavioral strategies people use to influence their own emotional experience.

  • *9 out of 10 people attempt to regulate their emotional experience at least once a day.

  • Reappraisal-changing one's emotional experience by changing the meaning of the emotion (eliciting stimulus).

  • *Appraisal- an evaluation of the emotion (relevant aspects of the stimulus).


Communicative Expression

  • Communicative Expression- is being able to communicate usually through emotional facial or body expressions. Such as if a gorilla grits his teeth, he’s may be trying to say “I’m angry at you”, or when a dog growls he’s (non-verbally showing) his warning toward his focused subject.

  • Emotional expressions are like the words of a nonverbal language.

  • The context in which a facial expression occurs often tells us what that expression means.


Communicative Expression (Cont.)

-Notice the Communicative Expressions shows that the gorilla is angry as opposed to being happy or satisfied.


Deceptive Expression

  • Your expressions are moderated by your knowledge that is permissible to show contempt for your peers, but not for your superiors.

  • Display Rules- normalities for the control of emotional expression.

  • Research has shown that many aspects of our verbal and nonverbal behavior are altered when we tell a lie.

  • One of the tell-tale signs of a liar is that their performances tend to be just a bit too good. A liar's speech lacks the detailed imperfections that a person telling the truth typically occurs, such as superfluous speech, spontaneous correction and expressions of self-doubt.


Test Question!

  • Question: What is Emotion?

  • Answer: a natural instinctive state of mind deriving from one's circumstances, mood, or relationships with others.


Sources

  • Emotional Wheel Picture: http://fullfeminine.com/

  • (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Expression_of_the_Emotions_in_Man_and_Animals) Mental

  • qualities are determined by the size, form and constitution of the brain: and these are

  • transmitted by hereditary descent. George Combe (1828) The Constitution of Man Considered

  • in Relation to External Objects.

  • (http://psychophysiolab.com/uhess/pubs/HT09.pdf) Darwin’s basic message was that emotion

  • expressions are evolved and (at least at some point in the past) adaptive. For Darwin, emotion

  • expressions not only originated as part of an emotion process that protected the organism or

  • prepared it for action but also had an important communicative function.


  • Login